CUMBRIAN NEWS FROM MAY-JUN 1777
THE CUMBERLAND CHRONICLE
WHITEHAVEN PUBLIC ADVERTISER
3 May 1777:
As in previous issues:
Flavius Josephus partwork
Freight to Carmarthen
John Wood's ass
"JUST imported, and to be Sold in public Sale, in Lots not exceeding two Tons" on 15 May, by Skyrin, Coupland & Bailiff "a large quantity of small square Stancher Iron, with some flat." May be viewed at any time on application. "N.B. They are also daily expecting a CARGO of OATS, which they will dispose of by private Contract."
Creditors of the late Mr Edward Wilson, grocer & ironmonger of Workington, should send accounts to his executrix, Mrs Ann Wilson, at Workington. Debtors should make their payments to Mrs Wilson within one month. Dated 29 Apr.
For sale by auction at the house of Mr John Harris, The George, at Keswick, 17 May, 6-8pm: a tan-yard, with dwelling house and outhouses suitable for the tanning business "all new built and in good Repair; with a good GARDEN, pleasantly situated by the River Greata, about Two Hundred Yards from Keswick." Enquiries to Mr William Banks in Keswick.
"STRAYED or CONVEYED,
FROM the Grounds near Whitehaven, a Scotch BAY GELDING, twelve Hands and a Half High, remarkably strong, with a broad white Ratch on the upper Lip, a long black Mane, most Part of which hangs on the far Side, with one Saddle Mark on each Side, made by the back Part of the Saddle Point, but does not appear very white, a long black Tail undock'd, and has had a Tread upon the near Forefoot which makes the Hoof a little hollow in the Middle."- last seen on 10 Apr, between Bransty Turnpike and Morresby "following some People going from the Market". Handsome reward for information leading to recovery; contact Joseph Greenhow, farrier, near Whitehaven.
[1 non-local partwork advert]
3 May 1777- NEWS:
"We hear from Carlisle, that on Thursday morning, being May-day, the Milkmaids of that City, having their pails ornamented with garlands, composed of all the gay and beautiful flowers of the season, paraded the streets, as usual, with all that innocence and harmless simplicity incident to their profession, which afford a most striking emblem of
'- those unblemished manners, whence
The fabling Poets took a Golden Age.'"
11 Apr, at Allithwaite [?- page creased] in "Cadmel", Lancashire, a ewe of the mountain breed, belonging to Mr John Hadwen, produced a ram and 3 ewe lambs at one yeaning. "What renders this very uncommon circumstance more remarkable is, that the lambs are all living, and likely to do well."
Yesterday at Workington, on board the Lonsdale (Capt. Curwen): dinner for "a great number of gentlemen", with "an elegant entertainment"; "many loyal and constitutional healths were drank, and they concluded the evening with every mark of social festivity."
Last Sun at Wigton, "the greatest Meeting of the people called Quakers, ever known in that town, notice of which had not been given more than three days before- The Meeting-house, tho' large, was not sufficient to contain the company". Speakers: William Robin of Liverpool, Thomas Rutter of Bristol, Thomas Benson & Anthony Mayson of Kendal, Mrs Barbara Drewery of Cockermouth.
"Last week, a small sloop, belonging to Edward Walker, of Millom, going into the river Duddon, in a hard gale of wind, at West, was put on shore, in the night time- the sea running very high and washing over the vessel, Mr Walker (who together with his two sons were all the people on board) took his youngest son on his back and carried him on shore, he then returned to fetch his eldest son, and, finding him in the water, brought him to land, and laid him on the beach where he soon expired; the father got about two hundred yards from him and died also, through fatigue, and the excessive severity of the night. The youngest son had crept into a rabbit hole, near the place where his father had left him, which sheltered him from the cold, and by that means his life was providentially preserved."
Wed last week: "as Robert Douglas, of Crosserbank, in Whicham, was going over a small bridge with his cart, one of the wheels, accidentally slipping, fell from the cart into the water, and he, endeavouring to get it out, was unfortunately drowned."
"A few days ago, a child, at Papcastle, climbing up a gate, which had been let loose against a wall, pulled the gate over, and falling under it, was killed on the spot."
Whitehaven, last Tue: "David Wilson, a poor labouring man, dropt down dead, in Charles-street."
[Austin & Whitlock's company will open at the Theatre Royal, Chester, next Mon.]
Cockermouth, last Sun, an "odd affair": "A woman, who had a bastard child about fifteen years ago, was told by one of her neighbours, on Saturday, that she was to be excommunicated, by the Commissary Court, if she did not do penance next day- accordingly she went into the Church, during divine service, with a white sheet, and was putting it on, agreeable to the advice of her neighbour, but was, with some difficulty, prevented by the Sexton."
Cockermouth, last week: Mr Hadwen's ball was opened by Master Lucock & Miss Wordsworth (both under 5 years old) "who notably performed the Minuet, Cotillion, and Country Dance."
Last Mon (28 May): 3rd reading of the Workington Harbour Bill in Parliament; "the several objections to it were stated, in the fullest manner, by Governor Johnstone; Mr. A. Bacon, and Counsellor Wallace, replied to the Governor: but, upon the question being put, the House thought fit to throw out, by a considerable majority, this long contested Bill." (for, 34; against, 43)
"Last night, a number of Gentlemen, friends to Sir James Lowther and to the Harbour of Whitehaven, assembled, at the Indian King, to congratulate each other on the above news.- Several loyal and patriotic toasts were drank and the evening was spent with good humour and festivity.
Some of the London prints announce the fate of the above Bill to have been contrary to the expectations of all people both within and without doors- but we are informed that a bett of 100 guineas was offered, a fortnight since, by a Gentleman of this county, that the Bill would be thrown out as soon as the House should enter into its general merits."
"The following paragraph having appeared in most of the London prints, we think it a duty, least it should find credit with any of our readers at a distance, to observe that it is an imposition on the public, no such Vessel or Captain having arrived, at or near Whitehaven, from New York.
Dublin, April 19 Finn's Leinster Journal contains the following article:- 'Captain Stringer of the Lowther transport, who is arrived at St. Bees, near Whitehaven, it is said brings an account, that on the 10th of March last, as he was going over the Bar of New York, to proceed on his voyage home, the Master of a wherry from the town, passed and informed him, that an express had come in from Sir William Howe, importing, that the army under his command had made good his entrance into Philadelphia the day before the date of his letter, which date the Captain did not hear. Capt. Stringer, it is said, has made a voluntary affidavit of the above before a Magistrate. This account comes from the master of a collier, who left Whitehaven last Wednesday, and says he drank with Captain Stringer the evening before.' "
3 May 1777- DIED:
Last Sun: Mrs Uddale, widow of Mr John Uddale of Wigton "and last of the family of the Senhouses of that town"
Last week at Workington: Mr Edward Wilson, grocer & ironmonger
Fri last week: Mrs Mayson, wife of Mr Joseph Mayson of Hundy near Workington.
Last week, "much respected": Mrs Mary Glaister, widow of Mr John Glaister of Red Flat, in her 87th year.
NO POEM (nearly a page of this issue devoted to the Civil List debate in the House of Lords)
3 May 1777- SHIPPING:
[Name, Captain, From/to]
26 Apr- Industry, Atkinson, Youghall; Mary & Betty, Boadle; Mary, Reed, Waterford; Ann, Briggs, Cork; Linnet, Bell, Oporto; Venus, Kirk, Kirkcudbright; Blessing, Curwen, Workington; Mally, Messenger, Harrington; William, Thompson; Endeavour, Moor; Lowther, Fisher, Dublin
27 Apr- Nancy, Spedding, Workington; Kitty, Fisher, Dublin
"27" [i.e. 28?] Apr- Hussar, Gurley, Seas; Peace, Ritson, Dublin; Jenny, Cunning, Milnthorp; Mayflower, Barns, Carlisle; Grizie, Cummins, Liverpool; Leven, Saterthwaite, Peelafouther; Peter, Jones, Ulverston; Hawke, Douglas, Wigton
29 Apr- Hannah, Pritchard; Jenny & Betty, Bell, Carlisle
30 Apr- Jane, Casson, Liverpool
1 May- Tryal, Briggs, Dumfries; Dolphin, Hesket, Carlisle; Vulcan, Harrison, Liverpool; Sedgwick, Welsh; Truelove, Littledale, Dublin
2 May- Willon, Irvin, Workington
26 Apr- Constant Trader, Griffis; Mally, Caffrey; Lark, Anderson, Dublin; James, Brownrigg, Liverpool; Eagle Packet, Maxwell, Isleman
27 Apr- Benjamin, Sim, Kirkcudbright; Dispatch, Lawson, Mary Port; Delight, Roach, Workington; John & Mary, Mayson, Parton
28 Apr- Charming Jenny, Carson, Kirkcudbright; Nelly, Briggs, Water Orr; Lowther, Fisher, Norway; Powell, Huddleston, Dublin
29 Apr- Jenny, Linsey, Kirkcudbright; Glory, Jackson, Liverpool; Prosperity, Piper; Three Brothers, Tindall; Olive Branch, Angus, Dublin
30 Apr- Betty, Dixon, Workington; Mary & Kitty, Eglon, Workington
1 May- Leven, Saterthwaite, Harrington; Open Boat, Cain, Isleman; Betty, Hannah, Wigton; Nancy, Spedding, Workington; Jenny & Betty, Bell, Carlisle; Venus, Kirkcudbright; Friendship, Pearson; Benn, McMellan; Creswell, Johnson; Resolution, Banks; William, Pennyman; Blessing, Curwen, Dublin
2 May- Jenny, Cunning, Wigton; Prince of Wales, Briggs; Thomas, Carrel; Loyalty, Thompson; Seaflower, Gibbons, Dublin
26 Apr- Brothers, Peel, Cork
27 Apr- Dispatch, Lawson, Isleman
28 Apr- Cookson, Robinson, Belfast; Dolphin, Messenger, Allonby
29 Apr- Peggy, Hinde, Skinburness
26 Apr- Mary, Lonsdale, Harrington; Morning Star, Messenger; Liberty, Huddart; Experiment, Collin; Ann & Mary, Scrugham; Providence, Brookbank; Favourite, Grave; Henry, Clarke; Heart of Oak, Curwen, Dublin; Tryal, Holiday, Kirkcudbright
27 Apr- Mermaid, Briscoe; Britain, Harrison; Assistance, Hutchinson; Welcome, Osborn, Dublin; Bella, Thursby, Ulverstone
28 Apr- Plain Dealer, Thompson, Dublin
1 May- Dispatch, Lawson, Isleman; Duke, Fletcher, Lancaster
WORKINGTON & HARRINGTON SHIPPING: Arrived too late for inclusion.
NO GRAIN PRICES
HIGH WATER AT WHITEHAVEN, 4 May to 10 May:
Sun, 08.04am, 08.30pm
Mon, 08.57am, 09.24pm
Tue, 09.57am, 10.20pm
Wed, 10.48am, 11.18pm
Thu, 11.48am, 12.07pm
Fri, 12.16am, 12.46pm
Sat, 01.16am, 01.46pm
10 May 1777:
As in previous issues:
Dunn's books & medicines [still leads with New Polite Instructor]
Missing horse, Wood-End [as 19 Apr, but changed to "near six weeks" ago, and revised description: "DARK BAY GALLOWAY, Eleven Hands and a Half high, or thereabouts, Mealy Mouth'd, a Slit in one of the Ears, a square Iron Mark on the near Side."]
Panacea for the Itch
£400 to be lent, on land security at 4.5% interest, payable half-yearly. Apply to the Chronicle office.
Cumberland Register Office, Kept at J. Dunn's in Whitehaven by Skelton & Co.
To be lent on land security, separately: £2,000; £1,000; £300
Loan wanted: £320, secured on houses "properly secured from Fire". Also £500 and several smaller sums on house security.
Also £200; £150; £50 on "good and undeniable Bond Security."
Wanted: "a Mistress in the Mantua-making Business, for a Girl, as a Parish Apprentice, for Five, Seven or more Years as Parties can agree."
Wanted: "a Boy to the Printing Business"
Employment wanted "for a middle aged Man, who would engage as a Clerk to a Merchant, or Attorney at Law."
10 May 1777- NEWS:
Last Sat, Mr James Grayson, former commander of the armed vessel Lonsdale (a Whitehaven ship) returned to the town from America. The Lonsdale had sailed from Whitehaven for Quebec on 27 Mar, then on 1 Apr, at lat. 49 N, long. 17 W, met the Royal American, a privateer with 16 guns and 125 men: "after a smart engagement, which lasted nearly an hour, the privateer was obliged to sheer off; Mr. Fagan, chief mate of the Lonsdale, was killed, and one seaman wounded." On the evening of 7 Apr, Capt. Grayson encountered a large brig which he assumed to be another American privateer, but avoided a confrontation by changing course in the night. However, the next morning, at 49 N, 32 W, he met both the Massachusetts (Capt. Fisk) with 14 six-pounders, 8 swivel guns and 120 men, and the Tyrannicide (Capt. Harridan, same armament). The latter engaged the Lonsdale for nearly two hours before returning to the company of the Massachusetts, but on seeing that the Lonsdale could not make headway without repairs to her rigging, "the Tyrannicide hauled her wind and renewed the engagement; Capt. Harridan, fully convinced of the disabled state of the Lonsdale, ran his stern under her bolt-sprit, intending to board her, as supposed, but did not dare to do it. In this critical situation the Lonsdale's spiritsail yard was entangled in the Tyrannicide's stern, and Capt. Grayson after having for a considerable time sustained the discharge of musquetry from upwards of 24 people in the privateer's tops, with great reluctance, suffered his colours to be struck; but not before he had discharged, with his own hand, every blunderbuss and musket that was loaded." His boatswain and gunner had been killed, and one seaman wounded. On 18 Apr "the Tyrannicide took a brig from Dartmouth to Newfoundland, on board which they put Capt. Grayson and such of his people as were not sent in the Lonsdale for the Bay of Fundy, together with Capt. Furze and his people, whom thy had also taken on the 2d. of April, in all 41 men." They parted from the privateer at 49 N, 22 W on 18 Apr, and arrived safely in Cork on 24 Apr. "The above pritaveers are supposed to be part of a fleet of 26 sail, which left Boston, about the beginning of March, to intercept the Newfoundland and Quebec trade."
24 Mar: The Whitehaven ship Prince George (Capt. Ponsonby), bound for the West Indies, was captured by the American privateer Rising States (with 16 six-pounders, 6 cohorns [grenade mortars, invented by Dutch military engineer Baron Coehorn] and 12 swivel guns) and taken into Port l'Orient. The Rising States itself was subsequently captured by the British man-of-war Terrible, and taken into Spithead.
The Whitehaven ship Rochester (Capt. Elliot) has been captured by an American privateer and taken to Virginia.
28 Mar: The Whitehaven ship Elizabeth (Capt. Welsh), bound for Norway, took a pilot at Christian-Sound, who by mistake, due to "the haziness and violence of the weather" ran her onto a rock "amongst the Narrows in the Leith". Everybody aboard, with part of the cargo and some of the rigging & materials of the ship, was saved.
Last Tue evening: the Betty & Nancy (Capt. Hudson) bound for Whitehaven from Dublin, was put on the rocks at St. Bees (on the south side of the north head) by a great swell from the westward, when the ship lost steerage through lack of wind. All aboard were saved, and though the ship was beaten to pieces, most of the materials can be recovered.
The Lowther & Senhouse (Capt. Hinde) out of Whitehaven, has arrived safely at Antigua.
Last Wed: the body of Richard Boordman (paviour, well known in Whitehaven as he has paved most of the streets at various times) was found "lying against the hecks of the fishery in the river Darwent." He seemed to have been in the water some time, but nobody knows how he came to be there.
Fri last week: violent storm with much thunder & lightning around Lowther village in Westmorland: "a thunder-bolt struck the corner of a house, carried away six feet of the coin, and, in a direct line, went through a cottage, broke all the glass and earthen ware in its way, then struck the coin of one of the towers and rent it from top to bottom, broke the hip rafter of the roof into several pieces, stripped off a number of slates, and also struck down a chimney in the village.- Happily no person was hurt."
10 May 1777- MARRIED:
Thu last week, at Lorton church by the Rev. Mr Fisher: Mr William Wilson of Armerside and Miss Hinde of Byersteads in Embleton.
Last Thu, at St. James' Church, Whitehaven: Mr Robert Conkey to Miss Kitty Richardson.
10 May 1777- MARRIED:
Last Wed at Penrith: Mr Miles Corney "late an eminent Bookseller at that Place".
Lately, at Hornby in Lancashire: Mrs Fenwick, widow of the late John Fenwick Esq. of Burrow-hall.
NO POEM (but this week's instalment of the Civil List debate is promised to be the last)
10 May 1777- SHIPPING:
[Name, Captain, From/to]
2 May- Rachel, Dixon, Dublin; Eagle Packet, Maxwell, Isleman; Peggy, Owen, Carnarvon
3 May- Birmingham, Dockray, Carlisle; Orange, Losh, Dublin; Herring, Howard, Highlands; Olive Branch, Powe, London; Lynx, Banton, Seas; Richard, Wraith, Wexford; John & Bella, Priestman, Cork
4 May- Isabella, Fisher; Senhouse, Watson; Ledger, Hodgson; Betty, Clair; Minerva, Rookin; Dash, Miller; Commerce, Robinson, Dublin; Prosperity, Monkhouse, Plymouth; Pit, Sail, Isleman
5 May- Peggy, Ramsay, Strangford; Love, Machell; Dallemtower, Fell; Wilson, Benson; Ratcliffe, Hodgson; Britannia, Allison; Williaom & Thomas, Piper; Boyne, Coulthard; Expedition, Braithwaite; Betsey, Yeowart; Friends Adventure, Fleming; Mally, Caffrey; James & Ann, Peel, Dublin; Ann, Davis, Newry; John, Candlish; Jenny, Stuart, Whithorn; Jane & Sally, Nelson, Stranrawr; Granville, Williams, Belfast
6 May- Mary Ann, Sim, Workington; Saltham, Dawson, Waterford
7 May- Garliss, McGowan, Wigton; Christiana, Porter, Glasgow; Seaflower, Slater, Dublin
8 May- Eagle Packet, Maxwell, Isleman; Lark, Anderson, Baldoil; Two Sisters, Matthews; Martha & Mary, Thomas, Newry
9 May- Joanna, Fisher, Sligo; Tanner, Hamilton; Eubonia, Peet, Isleman
2 May- Bella, Steel; Betsy, Armstrong; Hannah, Mossop; Mally & Peggy, Walker, Dublin
3 May- Dolphin, Herbet, Mary Port; Trial, Briggs; Grizie, Cummins, Dumfries; Vulcan, Harrison, Workington
4 May- Peggy, Owen, Sarkfoot
5 May- Eagle Packet, Maxwell, Isleman; Mayflower, Barns, Lancaster; Hawke, Douglas, Kirkcudbright
7 May- Herring, Howard, Isleman
8 May- Seaflower, Slater, Parton
9 May- Birmingham, Dockray; Two Sisters, Matthews; Marth & Mary, Thomas, Workington; John, Candlish, Wigton; Hannah, Prichard, Carnarvon; Peter, Jones, Ravenglass; Hussar, Gurley, Seas; Willon, Irwen, Ulverston; John & Bella, Priestman, Memel; Laurel, Stuart, Cork; Kitty, Woodburn, Ravenglass; William, Thompson, Dublin; Inchinquia, Button, Portsmouth
4 May- Success, Harris, Dublin
7 May- Pleasant, Dickenson, Dublin
8 May- Seaflower, Slater, Whitehaven
3 May- Vulcan, Harrison, Whitehaven
5 May- Friends, Fearon; Warrington, Ashley, Belfast; Matty, Halcrow, Dundalk; Liberty, Wilkes, Ross; Ann, Marshall, Belfast
6 May- Venus, Messenger, Dundalk; Betty, Smith, Ulverston
7 May- Rose, Steel; Speedwell, Lawrence; Seaflower, Wilson, Cork; Charlotte, Dixon, Kirkcudbright
8 May- Providence, Tiffin, Newry; Jane & Mary, Barns, Belfast
2 May- Betty, Dixon, Dumfries
5 May- Mary Ann, Sim, Whitehaven; Seaflower, Robinson; Integrity, Robinson; Diamond, Steel; Brothers, Kay; Pomona, Kay, Dublin; Vulcan, Harrison, Mary Port; Martin, Bowes, Cork
6 May- Vigilant, Wilson; Trial, Asbridge; Industry, Hayston; Dove, Hargrove; Love, Barnes; Happy, Jackson; Henry, Bell; Mally, Jackson, Dublin; Bella, Crosthwaite, Sligo
3 May- Dolphin, Hesket, Whitehaven
4 May- Hazard, McGaa, Wicklow
5 May- Thomas & Hannah, Wilson, Donaghadee; Molly, Hayston, Dublin; Peggy, Simond, Wigton; Tryal, Holliday; Ranger, Graham, Kirkcudbright; Mary, Waite, Dublin; Swift, Wood, Castletown; Vulcan, Harrison, Liverpool; Nancy, Grave; Betty, Kenny, Allonby
6 May- Lark, Armstrong, Drogheda
7 May- Ann & Frances, Borriskell, Sligo
8 May- Griffin, Potts, Bangor; Experiment, Collin, Dublin
5 May- Dolphin, Hesket, Carlisle; Integrity, Peele, Dublin
6 May- Marigold, Steel; Rachael & Mary, Smith; Agnes & Betty, Bell, Dublin
8 May- Tryal Holiday; Ranger, Graham; Nancy, Grave; Betty, Kenny, Dumfries; Sally, Bell; Molly, Hayston, Dublin
9 May- Mary, Pearson, Dublin
NO HARRINGTON SHIPPING INFORMATION
NO CORN PRICES
HIGH WATER AT WHITEHAVEN, 11 May to 17 May:
Sun, 02.14am, 02.43pm
Mon, 03.10am, 03.38pm
Tue, 04.03am, 04.28pm
Wed, 04.52am, 05.16pm
Thu, 05.40am, 06.02pm
Fri, 06.22am, 06.46pm
Sat, 07.05am, 07.27pm
"Clock slow 4m"
17 May 1777:
As in previous issues:
£400 to be lent
Flavius Josephus partwork
Turlington's Original Balsam of Life
Books & medicines from Dunn's [still leads with New Polite Instructor]
John Johnstone "has opened the SWAN-INN, in COCKERMOUTH, which is now compleated in the most genteel and commodious Manner; by the Alterations, which have lately been made, it is rendered highly convenient for the reception of Gentlemen, Travellers, and Others. He has provided an Assortment of the BEST LIQUORS, together with Furniture and every Thing suitable for so large and commodious an INN."...
Thomas Bateman, plumber and glazier, "has begun BUSINESS, in a commodious Shop, behind the Warehouse of Mr. HENRY WATTS, Grocer, near the Market-Place" in Whitehaven. Dated 17 May.
Run off from the Theatre, Newcastle, on 1 May: John Clarke, who was stage-keeper towards the end of the last season, suspected of stealing some clothes belonging to Mrs. Austin [descriptions given of both Clarke and the clothing]. He had a boy with him, about 10 years old [also described]. Reward of 5 guineas on information to one of various newspaper offices (at Newcastle, Chester etc.) including J. Dunn, Whitehaven.
17 May 1777- NEWS:
Last Sun, about 10am, the sloop Seahorse (Capt. Kirkpatrick), lying in Whitehaven harbour laden with lime, caught fire; "the heat was so violent, below-deck, that it melted the lead pump". About noon, the sloop was moved to the outside of the New Tongue "where the fire was speedily extinguished without doing any material damage."
Fri last week: Mr Foster, inn-keeper at the Ship in Ravenglass, "gave a genteel entertainment to the young ladies and gentlemen of that neighbourhood. The assembly was brilliant, and, after being elegantly treated by their new commenced host, spent the evening with the greatest harmony and festivity, in a manner not only advantageous to the house, but so as expressed their hearty wishes for it's future prosperity."
Last Sun, a cow belonging to Mr John Mossop of Seascale calved two calves; both are likely to live.
The Grand Artificial Flower Garden, which has been exhibited at Manchester for 9 weeks is now at York- "and it is expected that the Ladies and Gentlemen, of this County, will shortly have the pleasure of viewing this astonishing picture of nature, the completion of which has taken up, near six years, the attention and labour of an eminent artist, at a very great expence."
Last week, thieves broke into a gentleman's house "at Brackenthwaite near Lowswater, and stole a large quantity of linen, which had been washed and put into tubs over night, worth upwards of 20£."
17 May 1777- MARRIED:
Last week: Mr Bickerstaffe, surgeon & apothecary, to Miss Batty, both of Kirkby Lonsdale.
17 May 1777- DIED:
Thu last week: Miss Monkhouse, daughter of Richard Monkhouse Esq., sheriff for Westmorland.
Last Wed at Egremont, "in an advanced age", Mrs Blencowe, widow of the late Mr Peter Blencowe, surgeon of Whitehaven, and sister to Mrs Ashton of Underley.
POEM: "Stanzas on the Spring" by L.T. of Whitehaven.
An Ode from Penrith promised for the next issue.
17 May 1777- SHIPPING:
[Name, Captain, From/to]
10 May- Betty, Hannah, Kirkcudbright; Nancy, Spedding, Workington; James & Thomas, Benn, Rush; Richard, Ledger, Dunlary; Catharine, Roberts, Beaumaris; Betty, Moor, Kirkcudbright; Betty, Smith, Workington
11 May- Charming Jenny, Carson, Kirkcudbright; Providence, Brown, Dumfries
12 May- Thomas, Carrel, Dundalk; Charles, Savage, Portaferry; Powel, Huddleston; Benn, Mcmellan, Dublin
13 May- William, Pennyman, Bray; Mary & Rose, Cain, Parton; Mary, Butler, Wexford; Mercer, Carney, Belfast; Three Brothers, Tindall; Olive Branch, Angus, Dublin
15 May- Jenny & Betty, Bell; Peggy, Owen, Carlisle; Benn, Sykes, Lancaster; Nancy, Parker, Duddon
16 May- Nicholas, Linsey, Water of Orr
10 May- Industry, Atkinson; Lively, Watts; Rose, Harrison; Charlotte, Stewart; Mary, Reed; Endeavour, Moor; King George, Stockbridge, Dublin; Two Sisters, Folkes, Conway; Richard, Wraith, Wexford
11 May- Eubonia, Peet, Isleman
12 May- Dove, Dargue; Wells, Collins, Dublin
13 May- Lynx, Banton, Seas; Nancy, Spedding, Workington
14 May- Senhouse, Watson; Britannia, Bowman, Norway; Dash, Corkhill; Howgill, McDonald; Ann, Briggs; Betty, Palmer; Mary & Betty, Boadle, Dublin; Eagle Packet, Morlin; Pitt, Sail, Isleman; Jenny, Stuart, Whithorn; Success, Agnew, Stranrawr; Garliss, McGowan, Wigton
15 May- Fox, Salkeld; Dallemtower, Fell; Peace, Ritson; Danson, Pearson; Cumberland, Fleming; Kitty, Fisher; William & Thomas, Piper; Wilson, Benson; Garland, Piper; Expedition, Braithwaite; Mally, Caffrey; Thomas, Carrel, Dublin; Peggy, Ramsay, Colerain; Jane, Casson, Kirkcudbright; Mary Ann, Robinson, Belfast; Granville, Williams, Belfast; Mary & Rose, Cain, Baldoil; Friends Goodwill, Fawcett, Dublin
16 May- Peggy, Owen, Carnarvon; Jane & Sally, Nelson, Whithorn
13 May- John & Mary, Mayson, Belfast
8 May- Henry, Clark, Dublin
9 May- Diligence, Tompson, Dublin
16 May- Thomas, Heslop, Dumfries; Betty, McKellop, Annan
8 May- Eleanor, Hargrove, Cork
10 May- Rose, Fearon, Dublin; Peggy, Blake, Dundalk; Friends, Fearon; Nelly, Burnett; James, Selby; Industry, Key; Nancy, Little, Drogheda; Prosperity, Lowdon, Dumfries
15 May- Thomas, Heslop; Betty, McKillop; Jane, Lowdon, Dumfries
8 May- Birmingham, Dockray, Whitehaven
9 May- Two Sisters, Matthews; Martha & Mary, Thomas, Newry; Hawk, Smith, Sally, Casson; Liffey, Bacon, Dublin
10 May- Speedwell, Jackson, Belfast
11 May- Jane, Peel; Dorset, Allison, Highlands
12 May- Blessing, Course, Drogheda; Heart of Oak, Curwen, Dublin
13 May- Lowther, Lawrence, Kinsale; Nancy, Davis, Newry; William, Hudson; Bellona, Kelsick, Cork; Nancy, Spedding, Whitehaven; Pallas, Kelsick, Dublin
8 May- Charming Jenny, Walker; Farmer, Stockdale; Bolton, Scott, Dublin
9 May- Nancy, Spedding, Whitehaven; Greystock, Clarke; Friends, Fearon; Clifton, Priestman; Delight, Bulteel; Lark, Tully; Liberty, Wilkes; Active, Allison, Dublin; Charlotte, Dickson, Kirkcudbright
10 May- Betty, Smith, Whitehaven
13 May- Rose, Steel, Riga
14 May- Ellen, Hart, Millom; Britannia, James, Cardigan
15 May- Birmingham, Dockray, Sansfield; Martha & Mary, Cardigan
11 May- Phoenix, Metcalf, Strangford
12 May- Morning Star, Messenger, Strangford
13 May- Brothers, Skelton; Royal Oak, Scott, Drogheda; Favourite, Grave, Dublin
14 May- Ranger, Graham; Trial, Holiday, Dumfries
10 May- Lark, Armstrong; Mary & Betty, Thornburn; Draper, Carter, Dublin; Peggy, Hinde, Lancaster; Jenny; Kearsly; Wexford; Swift, Wood, Isleman
15 May- Content, Bouch, Douglas
17 May 1777- CORN PRICES: (average per Winchester bushel)
HIGH WATER AT WHITEHAVEN, 18 May to 24 May:
Sun, 07.48am, 08.08pm
Mon, 08.28am, 08.48pm
Tue, 09.10am, 09.31pm
Wed, 09.53am, 10.16pm
Thu, 10.39am, 11.02pm
Fri, 11.26am, 11.51pm
Sat, 12.07am, 12.26pm
24 May 1777:
As in previous issues:
Swan at Cockermouth
Thomas Bateman plumber
John Clarke run away
Dunn books (still leads with New Polite Instructor)
"WHEREAS it is fully determined to erect, this Summer, a Substantial WOOD-BRIDGE over the River Wampool, at a Place call'd How-Wath, so that Horses may pass with Ease and Safety. Any Person or Persons inclined to undertake the same, and support it for seven Years, are desired to appear at Dr. HALL's, in Kirkbride, June 9th 1777, when said Bridge will be let to such as take it upon the easiest Terms." Dated Kirkbride, 19 May.
Matthew Brockbank of the Royal Oak Inn, Keswick, advises all that "he has, for their better Accommodation of pleasuring upon the LAKE, provided an elegant and safe PLEASURE BOAT, entirely new, which will at all times be ready for their Reception, with skillful Rowers, as also an intelligent Person, to describe the different Islands, Views, &c." Dated Keswick, 23 May.
Lost at Cockermouth on 10 May, about noon, "a RED BACKED POCKET-BOOK, containing Two Bills of Exchange, value Fifty Pounds each." Handsome reward on information to the Chronicle office. "N.B. The Book or it's Contents are of no Use to any Person, but the OWNER, Payment of the Bills being stopped."
24 May 1777- NEWS:
The Whitehaven ship Favourite (Capt. Bell) sailed from Spithead in convoy on 15 Apr, but on 22 Apr lost sight of the fleet, and about 3 hours later encountered the Tyrannicide, with some Massachusetts privateers, at 48 1/2 N, 16 1/2 W, and was taken. The ship's company spent 12 days with the privateers, during which time 4 other vessels were taken, then on 4 May about 60 of the prisoners were allowed use of one of the captured vessels to return to England, arriving at Torbay on 11 May. "The Favourite was ordered for Salem in New England."
A list of all Whitehaven vessels taken by the Americans: Unicorn, Hutchinson, burned; Jenny, Wood; James, Littledale; Nelly, Robinson; Happy-Return, Hall; Norfolk, Grindall; Tryton, Martindale; Eagle, Barns; Woodcock, Richardson; Lovely Nelly, Sheridan; Prince George, Ponsonby; Lonsdale, Grayson; John, Barras; Millum, Johnson; Rochester, Elliot; Lowther, Connoll (formerly Cowman); Favourite, Bell; Venus,. Sharp.
Whitehaven: Today "a fine vessel, pierced for 18 guns, called The Littledale, was launched out of Messrs. Speddings, & Co's yard, built by Messrs. Palmer, & Co. for Mr. Richard Kelsick."
Letter from a passenger on the "Venus" of Whitehaven, to one of the owners in Whitehaven, dated 20 Mar 1777: Reached Barbadoes on the 18th, at 10 that night was chased by a sloop- the "Retaliation" of Philadelphia (Capt. Ord) with 8 3-pounders, 10 swivel guns and a crew of 50 ("all French, Spaniards, or Portuguese"). "Capt. Sharp carried all the sail he possibly could, and made directly for St. Vincent's; at one o'clock they began to fire at us with double head and grape shot, the Capt. fought the ship till 5, but, when they saw we were making the land fast, and afraid of losing us, they laid along side and boarded us on our lee quarter, with pistols and cutlasses; till then we had all been safe, but now the case altered, poor Mr. Wilson was shot through the breast with a pistol bullet, which was extracted out at his back, but the surgeons declare him out of danger; two of the sailors were dangerously wounded; and as for myself, I got my share too, though not so bad as some of them. They have brought us into St. Pieres, and we wounded men are lodged in a widow's house, where we are kindly treated, and have a surgeon to attend us. The Captain who is not wounded, with the rest of the people, are kept on board the brig. Captain Sharp and the men behaved exceeding well. The officers of the privateer were kind and hospitable, but the men were mere cut throat plunderers, from whose ravage their officers had enough to do to protect our chests. This goes by an Englishman from this, who sails tomorrow, passenger, in a ship for Bordeaux; shall write you again at the first opportunity.
P.S. None of the fleet were arrived on the 18th. My right hand is cut that I can hardly hold the pen. As soon as the wounded men can be removed, with safety, Capt. Sharp intends to have them sent to some English island."
A further letter from the same passenger, dated 22 Mar, "mentions, that the seamen, belonging to the Venus, were all paid their wages; and the wounded in a fair way of recovery, except poor Mr. Wilson, who, notwithstanding the opinion of the surgeons at first, died the next day."
Letter from another ship-owner at Martinico to one of the owners of the "Venus":
"The French enjoy all the advantages of a war, without any of the inconveniences, prizes are brought in here, every day, by privateers who call themselves Americans, but which are, in reality French property, manned with French, Spaniards, and all sorts of mob;"... "Your brig the Venus, Capt. Sharp, was taken, the 18th inst. close in with St. Vincent, on his way to Grenada, by a sloop belonging to M. Pregent, of this Island, but under American colours, named the Retaliation, Capt. Ord, the only American on board her. The Venus made a noble defence, and had it not been by boarding, would not have surrendered; she fought the sloop three hours, and even when boarded would not strike, the privateer's men did that for them after boarding.- Cruelties, of which Americans are utterly incapable much more English, were committed, after their having surrendered, by these pirates: Mr. Wilson, the Supercargo, was shot through the body, by a pistol, of which wound he certainly will die, in a few hours, he has now the dry hiccough, the certain forerunner of death; three others were inhumanly treated, with cutlasses, but no way to endanger their lives- I have done every thing, in my power, to make their situation as easy as possible; and I have made M. Pregent promise, that whenever they are in a condition to be removed, he will send them to some of the English islands, at his own expence.
The Venus is laying in a bay about a league from hence, I should claim her as English property, did I think it would avail any thing, but I am sure it would not." [He had attempted unsuccessfully to reclaim one of his own ships]
The ship "Mercer" (Capt. Nathaniel Dowse), belonging to Philadelphia merchants Mercer and Schenk, sailed from Boston to Bordeaux, via Virginia where she took on a cargo of tobacco (mostly on the account of the Continental Congress). The Chief Mate, Nathaniel Stewart, engaged as crew a number of men who had been taken prisoner from British ships and were then at Newberry near Boston. These included Jonathan Sharp (Second Mate); William Brice, William Burn, Daniel Montgomery, Robert Ferguson, Hugh Winks, Edward Pearson & Robert Pearson (mariners). Before boarding the ship, Sharp proposed to the others that they should try to seize the ship in mid-Atlantic and take her to England. The "Mercer" left Hampton Road in Virginia on 15 Apr, with 18 on board, of whom 16 were British, including 3 from Whitehaven, 1 from Workington, 1 from Harrington and 3 from Newcastle.
On 4 May, at 10.30pm (at 47 N, 27 W), Sharp had command of the watch, so he put his plan into action. He went down to the cabin and took every weapon he could find- three pistols, a cutlass, a poker, a shovel and anything else that looked useful. He gave one pistol to Ferguson, and another to Winks, keeping the third himself. They loaded up with powder and four balls each. "They then altered the vessel's course from E. by S. 1/2 S. to N.E. and squared her yards." A boy was sent down to tell the Chief Mate that a light had been seen; when Stewart came on deck he was shown a pistol and given the choice of sharing the reward for capturing the ship, or becoming a prisoner. Exclaiming, "by heavens this is what I expected!" he said he would help, but not openly. The next morning, Sharp took him down to the Captain, and announced the new course. When Dowse went up on deck and saw for himself the new heading, he said "I hope you will use me well, my lads". On 9 May, they passed Tillin Head in Ireland, then they steered through the North Channel for Whitehaven.
"The Mercer (formerly the Earl of Errol, taken by the Americans in her passage from the West Indies with rum and cotton) is an exceeding fine vessel and very well found- she arrived here about 10 o'clock on Wednesday night [i.e. 14 May, or should "9 May" above be 19 May?], when she was seized, and the cargo secured, under proper locks and seals, for his Majesty's use, by George Harrington, Esq.; Collector of this port, to whom the crew have applied for protection and assistance, and have been treated with the greatest humanity."
POEM: "An Ode" (critical of Britain's treatment of the Americans) by C.G. of Penrith, dated 4 May 1777.
No space for shipping lists, due to the above news items (and extracts from American papers carried on the "Mercer") and the inclusion of a full list of ships captured by the British.
NO CORN PRICES
HIGH WATER AT WHITEHAVEN, 25 May to 31 May:
Sun, 12.42am, 01.08pm
Mon, 01.34am, 02.01pm
Tue, 02.28am, 01.54pm
Wed, 03.20am, 03.46pm
Thu, 04.13am, 04.39pm
Fri, 05.05am, 05.30pm
Sat, 05.56am, 06.21pm
"Clock slow 5m"
31 May 1777:
As in previous issues:
Swan Inn, Cockermouth
£400 to be lent
Thomas Bateman, plumber
"WHEREAS J. BRISCOE Printer, Bookseller, and Stationer, in Whitehaven, has lately advertised a medicine, called A PANACEA, which he says "Cures with the greatest Ease in three Days, &c." The Proprietors of the Original Panacea (sold by J. DUNN only, and by whom he shall appoint, in these Parts) thinks it necessary to inform the Public, that he never ampowered the said J. BRISCOE to sell the GENUINE PANACEA, notwithstanding he hath set forth that the Maker has empowered him to sell this efficacious Remedy at the lowest Price." Dunn's standard advert for the Panacea follows.
John Younghusband had moved from the George Inn at Cockermouth to the Queen's-Head "near the Centre of the Town, which he has fitted up in the genteelest Manner, together with good Stabling, &c." ... "Likewise a neat Post Chaise, and Able Horses, for Hire."
Isaac Wilkinson has taken over the Swan Inn and Excise Office at Penrith (formerly kept by the late Mr William Nelson) "which he has fitted up in the most COMMODIOUS MANNER"...
31 May 1777- NEWS:
Whitehaven ships "Commerce" (Capt. Wilson, sailing from Cork) and "Beaver" (Capt. Dickenson, sailing from Whitehaven) have arrived at the Grenades; letters from them report that the seas in that area are "swarming with American privateers".
A sow belonging to Eleanor Rutlidge of the West Field, near Workington, farrowed 16 pigs on 24 May last year, 18 on 7 Nov, and a further 18 on 23 May this year- all likely to do well.
"A few days ago, a servant-maid, of Joseph Dobinson in Parsonby, had the misfortune to fall under the Harrows of her runagate Horses; she was dragged a considerable way, had her leg and thight torn in a dismal manner, but luckily her life was saved, and she is now in a fair way of recovery."
There is a hen at Highberries in this county which is 30 years old "and very fat, tho' for these six or seven years she has not laid any eggs."
"The Robinson, Todhunter, for Memel, passed the Sound, the 27th ult."
Whitehaven: "Yesterday, the Rev. Mr. Wesley arrived here, and, in the evening, he delivered an excellent discourse, to a very crowded audience, at the Meeting-house, in St. Michael's lane- and immediately after sailed for the Isle of Man."
[A report from York dated 27 May stated that a 12-foot long, 6-foot wide pleasure-boat, made of sheet iron and capable of being carried by two men, had been launched in the River Foss, and sailed with 15 people on board- this is not directly relevant to Cumbria, but it was probably the first iron boat ever built, and may have inspired the experiments in the 1780s by the sometime Cumbrian ironmaster John Wilkinson]
31 May 1777- MARRIED:
Last Thu at Whitehaven: Mr Edward Johnson, grocer of Roper Street, to Miss Mally Curbyson, daughter-in-law of Mr Robert Maw, tallow-chandler.
31 May 1777- DIED:
Last week at Cockermouth: Miss Grace Leathes, niece of Mrs Tolson.
At Cockermouth [also last week?]: Mr Robert Pindar, serge weaver.
Lately at Workington, very suddenly: Mr Joseph Robinson, "much esteemed for his honesty and integrity."
Thu last week: Capt. William Bacon of Whitehaven.
Last Mon at her house in Church Street, Whitehaven: Mrs Towerson, age 85.
Last Wed: Mrs Beck, wife of Mr John Beck in Howgill Street, Whitehaven, and eldest daughter of the late Mr Daniel Stanger, "in the prime of life, much regretted".
Last Thu: Mr Edward Hudson, "master of a vessel in the coal trade".
Last week: John Robinson "an eminent Weaver, in Queen-Street", Whitehaven.
Yesterday: Miss Gilpin, eldest daughter of Mr William Gilpin wine merchant, in Queen Street, Whitehaven, "an amiable young Lady, in the bloom of youth."
POEMS: "A PRAYER For a FRIEND labouring under Affliction" by Proteus, of Wigton. Also "An OCCASIONAL ODE", anonymous.
Note "The Ode to Pity- Reflections on Human Life- and the Pleasures of Frosty Bank, have been received, and will have proper respect paid them.- OBSERVATOR in our next."
31 May 1777- SHIPPING:
[Name, Captain, From/to]
23 May- Yacht, Hamilton, Donaghadee; Rose, Harrison; King George, Stockbridge, Dublin; Mary Ann, Robinson, Belfast
24 May- Jane, Hayton, Dublin
26 May- Sedgwick, Welsh; Mally, Caffrey, Dublin; Venus, Kirk, Kirkcudbright; Nelly, Briggs, Water Orr; Providence, Evans, Sarkfoot
27 May- Flimby, Mokinson, Water Orr; Hannah, McCreedy; John, Candlish; Wigton; Jane & Sally, Nelson, Whithorn; Danson, Pearson; Thomas, Carrel, Wexford; Garland, Piper, Dublin; Charlotte, Stewart, Waterford
28 May- Open Boat, Sharp, Mary Port; Jenny, Cunning, Wigton
29 May- Endeavour, Moor; Howgill, McDonald; William & Thomas, Piper, Dublin; Ann, Thompson, Londonderry; Nicholas, Linsey, Kirkcudbright; Nancy, Spedding, Workington; Maylfower, Barns, Lancaster; Mary & Rose, Cain, Baldoil; Betty, Clark, Isleman
30 May- Eagle Packet, Morlin, Isleman; Betty, Hannah, Water Orr
24 May- Aurora, Jones, Sarkfoot; Hannah, Mossop, Norway; Jenny, Linsey, Wigton; Mally, Hannah, Whithorn
25 May- Salamander, Davis, Kirkcudbright; Liberty, Howling, Isleman; Prince of Wales, Briggs, Dublin
26 May- Ann, Davis, Newry; Peggy, Stuart, Whithorn; Betty, Wood; Hartley, Fanning; Loyalty, Thompson; Mally, Messenger; Prosperity, Piper; Catharine, Williams; Resolution, Banks; Richard, Ledger; Three Brothers, Tindall; Rachel, Dixon, Dublin; Eagle Packet, Merlin, Isleman
27 May- Friendship, Pearson, Dublin; Flimby, Mokinson, Workington
28 May- Betsey, Armstrong; Caesar, Huddleston; Blessing, Curwen; Mally & Peggy, Walker; Sedgwick, Welsh; Rose, Harrison; Creswell, Johnson; Seaflower, Gibbons; Jane, Hayton, Dublin; Sally & Hannah, Wilson, Ulverstone; Yacht, Hamilton, Donnaghadee; Providence, Evans, Beaumaris; John, Candlish, Parton
29 May- Open Boat, Sharp, Mary Port; Benn, Knaile, Glasgow; Nelly, Briggs, Water Orr; King George, Stockbridge; James & Thomas, Benn; Garland, Piper, Dublin
30 May- Jenny, Burney, Jane & Sally, Nelson, Whithorn
23 May- Dove, Hargrove, Dundalk
24 May- William & Mary, Revel, Bray
25 May- Lark, Armstrong, Wicklow
26 May- Active, Allison, Newry; Martin, Bowes, Cork
27 May- Liverpool, Andrews, Dumfries
28 May- Matty, Halcrow, Belfast
23 May- Jane, Peil; Dorset, Allison, Dublin; Betty, Dixon, Dumfries
24 May- William, Hudson, Dublin
25 May- Kitty, Jones, Harrington
26 May- Felicity, Atkinson; Glory's Increase, Marshall, Dublin
27 May- Heart of Oak, Curwen; Providence, Brockbank; Endeavour, Pilkington, Dublin; Union, Wiley, Liverpool
21 May [sic]- Industry, Hayston, Dublin
28 May- Trial, Briggs, Dumfries; Trial, Holiday, Wigton
29 May- Draper, Carter, Drogheda; Griffin, Potts, Carlingford; Peggy, Simond, Dumfries
24 May- Trial, Holiday, Kirkcudbright
26 May- Fly, McKenzie, Highlands
27 May- Welcome, Osborn; Agnes & Betty, Bell; Britain, Crierie; Favourite, Grave; Mermaid, Briscoe, Dublin
28 May- Sally, Bell, Dublin
29 May- Mary, Pearson, Dublin
NO HARRINGTON SHIPPING INFORMATION
NO CORN PRICES
HIGH WATER AT WHITEHAVEN, 1 Jun to 7 Jun:
Sun, 06.47am, 07.13pm
Mon, 07.39am, 08.05pm
Tue, 08.32am, 09.00pm
Wed, 09.27am, 09.57pm
Thu, 10.27am, 10.58pm
Fri, 11.29am, 11.59pm
Sat, 12.07am, 12.28pm
"Clock slow 2m."
7 Jun 1777:
As in previous issues:
Keswick Pleasure Boat
Swan Inn, Penrith
Queen's Head, Cockermouth
Turlington's Balsam of Life
Dunn's book list advert leads with "THE New Letter Writer; OR, THE Art of Correspondence". Also separately advertised: "THE Penal Statutes Abridged AND ALPHABETICALLY ARRANGED".
Notice is given by the Borough and Corporation of Appleby "that there will be a Shew of CATTLE, HORSES, and SHEEP, on GALLOW-HILL otherwise GALLOWS-HILL, within the Borough and Corporation aforesaid" on Wed 11 Jun, "and will hereafter continue to be held there, on the Second Wednesday in JUNE, in every Year." Dated Appleby, 3 Jun.
To be let on 14 Jun, at the King's Arms in Whitehaven (house of Mr John Buck): "the Repairing of a Stone Bridge, called POOL BRIDGE, over and across POOL BECK, in the Parish of DRIGG. Enquiries to Mr Francis Murray of Dyke-Side near Longtown, surveyor of Bridges for Cumberland.
7 Jun 1777- NEWS:
Last Wed at Whitehaven, to celebrate the King's birthday, "the Prosperity tender hauled out of the harbour, into the road, and saluted the town about twelve o'clock, she was joined in the salute, by the Inchinquin tender, who arrived here that tide from Portsmouth. In the evening several select parties of Gentlemen assembled at the principal inns, in town, where many loyal and constitutional toasts were drank."
Last Sat evening, arrived at Whitehaven the long boat of the Elizabeth (Capt. Welsh) "from Drontheim, in Norway, after a passage of 18 days, with 46 bars of iron, about 12cwt. and 12 deals. Mr. Dixon, Mate of the Elizabeth lately wrecked on the coast of Norway, and two boys were the undertakers of this hazardous voyage."
This morning at Whitehaven: "the brigantine Dido, belonging to Messrs. Robinson & Co. was launched from behind the North-Wall. She is intended for the Coasting trade, and made a remarkable fine launch."
Last week, as Robert & William Ponsonby, "sons of Mr. John Ponsonby, of Drig, near Ravenglass, were pulling down the clay walls of a house at that place, one of the walls, which they had undermined, fell down upon them- Robert was so much bruised that he died last Saturday night; William, who saw the wall falling, endeavouring to save his brother, was also much hurt, but there are great hopes of his recovery."
Last Tue: "a child about two years of age, belonging to John Jackson of Holmrook, endeavouring to take some water out of a fat which stood at the door, had the misfortune to fall into it, and was drowned."
Thu last week: "Michael Horn, one of the scholars at the grammar school in Appleby, and son of Mr. Horn of Brough, about 15 years of age, bathing in the River Eden, was unfortunately drowned."
Appleby, Fri last week: "Mr. Cuthell's company of comedian's performed there to a very crouded audience of ladies and gentlemen of that town and neighbourhood, who expressed the highest approbation of their performances.- It being the last time of their performing, (on account of their being under a necessity of attending Hexham races) the house was so full, that several who had tickets were obliged to return, not being able to get in."
7 Jun 1777- DIED:
A few days ago, age 69, Mr Ritson, curate of Clifton chapel, where he had officiated for 40 years; buried in Workington parish church on Wed, "much esteemed and respected by a numerous acquaintance".
Last Wed, Capt. Henry Walker, age 89, "much respected" brother of the late Capt. Walker of Castle Vernon.
POEMS: "Ode to June" by C. Graham of Penrith (dated 1 Jun 1777);
also lines "taken out of an excellent Author" supplied and introduced by "Observator", a regular reader who wishes to "encourage reading and thinking".
SHIPPING LISTS OMITTED (in favour of a Parliamentary report).
NO CORN PRICES
HIGH WATER AT WHITEHAVEN, 8 Jun to 14 Jun:
Sun, 12.57am, 01.26pm
Mon, 01.53am, 02.20pm
Tue, 02.45am, 03.10pm
Wed, 03.33am, 03.57pm
Thu, 04.19am, 04.43pm
Fri, 05.02am, 05.23pm
Sat, 05.43am, 06.04pm
"Clock slow 1m"
14 Jun 1777:
As in previous issues:
Queen's Head, Cockermouth
Swan Inn, Penrith
Pool Bridge repairs
Panacea [advert headed "The ORIGINAL and only GENUINE PANACEA Sold by J. DUNN]
No general Dunn books advert, but separate adverts for "The Penal Statutes Abridged" and the "Universal Family Bible" partwork.
For sale by auction at the house of William Sowerby in Low-hesket, 30 Jun 1777: Mabson's Tenement at Low Hesket, in Inglewood Forest, copyhold (rent 9/6 to the Duke of Portland), consisting of "a convenient Dwelling-House and Out-Houses adjoining" with c32 acres of arable & meadow land. Present owner Mr George Pearson; purchaser to take possession from Michaelmas. Fine 1d per penny of rent; 1d purvey; entitled to common right on Great Barrock. Enquiries to Mr Thomas Hodgson, attorney of Carlisle.
Wanted: a youth as an articled clerk to an attorney. Apply to Mr Wordsworth in Cockermouth.
For sale by auction on the premises, 18 Jul (if not previously sold by private contract): a freehold estate at Ann's Hill, Bridekirk, consisting of "an elegant and modern built House, with an Ashley Front, genteelly finished; a Court Yard; an Orchard; with a Garden neatly laid out, well planted, and walled round; a large Barn, a Coach-House, Cow-House, and Stabling for Six Horses, with a Loft, over the same, which will contain near One Hundred Cart-loads of Hay; a good Brew-house, or Laundry, a Dairy, Pantries, and other Out-Offices; together with about Forty-five Acres of rich Arable, Meadow, and Pasture Land, well fenced and watered; there is a Lime-kiln, and plenty of Lime-stone in the Ground, distant from Coals about a Mile and a half. The main House commands an extensive and pleasing Prospect, contains four Rooms on a floor and Closets; a handsome Stair-case and back Stairs, with good and dry Cellars: The first Floor consists of a Dining-Room and Parlour, in Front, neatly finished with Wainscot, and adorned with Marble Chimney-pieces; also of a Drawing Room, and Parlour, Backwards, hung with Paper: The second Floor contains Four Bed Rooms, with Closets to each; one of the Rooms is wainscoted, the Rest papered; and a light Closet; over the Whole is a large and commodious Garret. Detached from the main House, and at a nice Distance, are two very large Kitchens, with Rooms over them, and Closets in each. The Premises are intitled to Two PEWS in the Parish Church of Bridekirk aforesaid, are distant from the Market Town of Cockermouth about a Mile, are in compleat Repair, and fit for the immediate Reception of a genteel family.
For further Particulars inquire of Mr. CHARLES FRIEND, of Ann's Hill, aforesaid.
14 Jun 1777- NEWS:
4 Jun: To celebrate the King's birthday, the weavers and flax-dressers of Carlisle assembled at the Castle (some 200 in number) and processed through the city, "preceded by a band of music, with drums and fifes at intervals". The procession was headed by a lady on horseback, "elegantly dressed in white and gold; with an exceeding rich crown on her head, and a sceptre in her hand, attended by a strong guard", representing Queen Catherine, said to be the inventor of spinning ("her deportment, during the procession, and at dinner, merits the greatest applause"). She was followed by the flax-dressers, in pairs, holding garlands of flowers in their hands, then "a large stage, drawn by horses, on which were, at work, a Flax-dresser, a Spinner, a Weaver, and Winder, with all their necessary utensils, and a person to superintend, who, at intervals, spoke an oration in honour of the trade. Next came the weavers, also in pairs and carrying flower garlands, followed by a guard with drawn swords. "The noble and manly appearance of the men, the neatness and regularity of their dress, and their modest behaviour during the procession, gave great satisfaction to the spectators, who had flocked, in great numbers, from all the villages within six miles of the city." "After parading the different streets, they repaired to Mrs. Norman's assembly room, where an elegant cold entertainment was provided- many loyal healths were drank and the evening spent in social conversation, and dancing. At eleven o'clock, they all retired, after spending fourteen hours, in innocent mirth, with the greatest decorum."
30 May: The sloop "Good Intent" (master, John Taylor) was lost off Blackcoom on the way from Ulverston to Carlisle; "the crew was taken up by Capt. McQuire of the Dumfries."
17 May: letters from Memel, dated 20 May, mention that eight vessels were put on shore there by a violent gale, including the Whitehaven ship Brothers (Capt. Falcon)- another vessel was lost with all hands in the same gale.
Whitehaven: "New potatoes sold here, last Thursday, from three pence to four pence per pound."
The weather over the past week "has been very cold for the season" there are several reports from the country south of Egremont of a great fall of snow on Mon night (nearly 2 feet deep in places on Tue morning) and the mountains around Skiddaw were as well covered in snow on Tuesday as they normally would be in February.
Report from Kendal, dated 9 Jun: "Last Friday evening, about six o'clock, Mr. E. Cowper's ball was opened at the Town Hall, where a very large and genteel company assembled on the occasion. The behaviour of the young pupils, who went thro' a variety of very genteel dances, reflected great credit on their Tutor, and afforded universal satisfaction to the whole company."
14 Jun 1777- MARRIED:
Last week at Wigton, by the Rev. Mr Clarke: Mr Thomas Dand of Leison Hill to Miss Ann Messenger "of the same place, an accomplished young lady with a fortune of 2000£".
Last Mon at Torpenhow church: Mr Richard Graham of Tordiff in Scotland to Miss Slater of Kirkland Guards, near Bothel, "an agreeable young Lady, with a fortune of 1000£"
Last Wed: Mr James Simonds, to Miss Robinson of Kirkland near Wigton, "a handsome young Lady with a fortune of 2000£"
14 Jun 1777- DIED:
Last Mon at Penrith: Mr William Cleator, surgeon & apothecary, "universally beloved and much regretted by all who knew him".
Last Sun at Parton: Mrs Mary Walker, age 89, widow of the late Mr Matthew Walker.
Last Wed: Mr W. Clark of Standing Stone, age 80.
POEMS: Official "ODE for His MAJESTY'S BIRTH-DAY", plus "ODE to PITY" by "Proteus" of Wigton.
HIGH WATER AT WHITEHAVEN, 15 Jun to 21 Jun:
Sun, 06.24am, 06.45pm
Mon, 07.06am, 07.27pm
Tue, 07.48am, 08.10pm
Wed, 08.33am, 08.56pm
Thu, 09.20am, 09.44pm
Fri, 10.10am, 10.36pm
Sat, 11.02am, 11.29pm
"Clock and Sun"
NO CORN PRICES (due to large American news section)
21 Jun 1777:
As in previous issues:
Swan Inn, Penrith
Ann's Hill, Bridekirk
Land in Low-Hesket
Penal Statutes Abridged
Universal Family Bible partwork
Available from J. Dunn in Whitehaven: "Pilula Leydenensis, or The Leyden Pill" by Dr. Boerhaave, for scurvy, leprosy, venereal disease, pimples etc.
Wanted immediately: apprentice to a surgeon & apothecary. Apply to the Chronicle printer.
The Olive Branch, ("A Constant Trader") now in Whitehaven harbour is taking goods for London, and will sail about 15 July. "For Freight, or Passage, apply to Capt. POWE, or Mr. PIPER, Grocer, in King-Street."
Starting on 30 Jun, a clergyman of the Church of England (Oxford M.A.) will deliver a series of lectures on education at the Assembly Room in Howgill Street, Whitehaven "WHEREIN will be considered a proper System of it to be pursued from the Infant State, to that of a progressive Maturity". Six lectures in all, Mon, Wed & Fri over 2 weeks, at 7pm. Half a guinea for the whole course, or 2 shillings per lecture. Subscriptions received at J. Dunn's, the Chronicle office.
For sale by auction at Mrs Todd's in Brick-street, Whitehaven, 28 June: the good brigantine Rachel (master, Henry Dixon; formerly the John & William): Whitehaven-built, c130 tons burthen, draws only 10 feet 3 inches when loaded, "sails and takes the Ground well". 20 guineas payable in hand, the balance by instalments at 3 & 6 months after the sale, subject to satisfactory security. "An Inventory, of her Materials, may be seen at the Place of Sale, or by applying to the Master." Apply to Henry Dixon in New-Lowther-Street to negotiate for sale by private contract.
21 Jun 1777- NEWS:
On 9 Jun, before the letting of the How-wath bridge contract "several curious, and much approved, plans were exhibited by very able and experienced mechanics". The contract for the bridge, to be 30 yards long and at least 2 yards wide, to allow carriage traffic, was awarded to "the ingenious Mr. Dodgson, of Carlisle, who has given sufficient security, to Dr. Hall and Capt. Knubly, for supporting the same seven years; and there is no doubt of its being executed to the entire satistfaction of the Public."
Thu last week: a poor woman on crutches was drowned while attempting to cross the River Mite near Ravenglass.
"We have it from good authority, that there is a foal, in the neighbourhood of Harrington, belonging to Mr. Robert Key, which frequently sucks his cows- a circumstance very remarkable."
The Northern Circuit assizes, before Mr Justice Gould and Mr Justice Nares, will reach Carlisle on 1 Aug, Appleby on 6 Aug and Lancaster on 9 Aug.
21 Jun 1777- DIED:
Last Sat at his brother's house in Keswick: Mr. John Banks, "much respected" Supervisor of Excise at Manchester, "after a lingering illness".
"W. H-'s letter, from Penrith, being local and not coming within the limits of our engagement with the Public, it cannot be inserted.- The Honest Remark, on certain doggerel rhymes, called The Lion's Jubilee, is come to hand; but we cannot presume to be the means of dictating to any Gentleman, on the score of liberality, &c."
POEM: "The LADIES DRESS. A RECEIPT" by "M", possibly not a local author (describing the current voluminous and well-padded fashion in detail, and ending:
"But never undress her- for, out of her stays,
You'll find you have lost half your wife." )
21 Jun 1777- SHIPPING:
[Name, Captain, From/to]
13 Jun- Jenny, Linsey, Wigton; Prosperity, Piper; Resolution, Banks, Dublin; Mary, Ashburn, Liverpool; William, Kermuth, Isleman; Linnet, Bell, Wexford
14 Jun- Mercury, Sowerby, London; Catharine, Sinnet; Micholas, Smith, Wexford; Jenny, McGowan, Wigton; William & Thomas, Piper, Dublin; Speedwell, Alley, Dungarvon; Catharine, Roberts, Carnarvon; Peggy, Ramsay, Coleraine
15 Jun- Holburn, Machell, Dungarvon; Nancy, Spedding, Workington; Westmorland, Ellison, Dublin; James & Thomas, Benn, Rush
16 Jun- Peggy & Mally, Donaldson, Liverpool; Industry, Richards, Workington; Danson, Pearson, Wexford; George, Jones, Kirkcudbright; Granvill, Williams; Lark, Andrews, Dublin
17 Jun- William & Mary, Julian, Chester; Mally, Caffrey; Endeavour, Moor; Blessng, Curwen; Dash, Corkhill; Lively, Watts; Ann, Briggs; Peace, Ritson, Dublin; James, Silvay, Strangford; Mally, Douglas, Harrington
18 Jun- Bells, Moor, Cambletown; Peggy, Stuart, Whithorn; Charming Jenny, Carson; Success, Nelson, Kirkcudbright; Kitty, Fisher; Caesar, Huddleston; Betty, Palmer, Dublin; William, Kermuth, Parton
19 Jun- Charlotte, Stuart, Waterford; Industry, Atkinson, Youghall; Dove, Dargue; Experiment, Moor, Cork
13 Jun- James, Brownrigg, Liverpool
14 Jun- Bella, Steel; Benn, McLellan, Dublin; Birmingham, Dockray, Ulverston; William & Thomas, Dixon, Carlisle
15 Jun- Hussar, Gurley, Seas; Mary Ann, Robinson, Belfast; Diligence, Golding, Dumfries; Betty, Hannah; Jenny, Cunning, Wigton; Expedition, Braithwaite, Norway; Sedgwick, Welsh; Love, Machell; Ratcliffe, Hodgson, Dublin; Venus, Kirk, Kirkcudbright; Ann, Davis, Newry
16 Jun- William, Kermuth, Parton; Argyle, McCullough, Whithorn
17 Jun- Eagle Packet, Brew, Isleman
18 Jun- Jason, Hutchinson, Conningsburgh
19 Jun- Nancy, Spedding; Two Sisters, Folks; James, Silvay, Workington
20 Jun- William, Thompson; Betsey, Armstrong; Prosperity, Piper; Prince of Wales, Briggs; Orange, Losh; Loyalty, Thompson, Dublin; Lynx, Banton, Seas; George, Jones, Kirkcudbright
19 Jun- Success, Harris, Dublin
15 Jun- John & Mary, Mayson, Dublin
12 Jun- Nelly, Burnet, Isleman; Diligence, Thompson, Dublin; Brothers, Skelton, Whitehaven
13 Jun- Success, Barns, Drogheda
15 Jun- Nancy, Little, Bray; Royal Oak, Scott, Londonderry; Union, Wiley, Liverpool
16 Jun- Pit, Bell, Drogheda
17 Jun- Endeavour, Mitchinson, Dublin
18 Jun- Providence, Brown, Dumfries
19 Jun- Thomas, Heslop, Dumfries
20 Jun- James, Selby, Whitehaven; Hazard, McGaa, Wicklow
13 Jun- Unity, Westray, Youghall; Matty, Halcrow, Belfast; Felicity, Atkinson; Heart of Oak, Curwen; Greystock, Clark, Dublin; Endeavour, Pilkington, Ulverston; Leaven, Satherthwaite, Lancaster
14 Jun- Vigilant, Wilson; Tryal, Asbridge, Belfast; Speedwell, Lawrence; William, Hudson, Cork; Lowther, Walker, Kinsale
15 Jun- Pallas, Kelsick, Cork; Mary, Butler, Harrington
16 Jun- Bellona, Kelsick; Happy Return, Sparks, Cork; Union, Wiley, Ulverston; Mally, Allison; Diamond, Steel, Dublin; Jane & Mary, Barnes; William & Mary, Revel, Bray
17 Jun- Peggy, Christain, Kirkcudbright; Endeavour, Atkinson, Harrington; Lark, Armstrong, Malahide; Glory's Increase, Marshall, Cork; John, Harker, Allonby
18 Jun- Dove, Hargrove, Drogheda; Resolution, Skelton, Killough; Etty, Thompson, Newry; Nancy, Dixon; Brothers, Kay; Delight, Scrugham, Dublin; Henry, Clark, Dunleary; Happy, Jackson, Drogheda; Two Sisters, Fox; Nancy, Spedding, Whitehaven
15 Jun- Industry, Richardson, Chester; Nancy, Spedding, Whitehaven
18 Jun- John, Harker, Allonby
13 Jun- Marigold, Steel; Favourite, Grave, Dublin; Britain, Harrison, Drogheda
14 Jun- Thomas & Hannah, Wilson, Drogheda
16 Jun- Draper, Carter, Dublin
17 Jun- Fly, McKenzie, Highlands; Griffin, Potts, Belfast; Phoenix, Metcalf, Dublin
18 Jun- Cookson, Robinson; Friends Adventure, Barnes, Dublin; Jane, Harris, Memel
19 Jun- Mary, Waite, Drogheda
20 Jun- Jenny, Irving, Liverpool
20 Jun- Sally, Bell, Dublin
NO CORN PRICES
HIGH WATER AT WHITEHAVEN, 22 Jun to 28 Jun:
Sun, 11.50am, 12.07pm
Mon, 12.22am, 12.49pm "Clock fast 1m"
Tue, 01.16am, 01.43pm
Wed, 02.10am, 02.35pm
Thu, 03.01am, 03.26pm "Clock fast 2m"
Fri, 03.51am, 04.16pm
Sat, 04.41am, 05.06pm
28 Jun 1777:
As in previous issues:
Lectures on education
Olive Branch in harbour
Ann's Hill, Bridekirk
Panacea for the Itch
Penal Statutes Abridged
Apprentice to surgeon
Dr. Boerhaave's Leyden Pills
"Messrs. AUSTIN and WHITLOCK, having opened a Commodious THEATRE, in the Town of Lancaster" will perform there on 2 Jul the tragedy called "The Orphan of China", with the farce "The Miller of Mansfield". Boxes 2/6; pit 2/-; gallery 1/0. [further details given]
Wanted: a youth to be articled to an attorney "in good Practice, in Whitehaven". Inquiries to the Chronicle office.
"WHEREAS many false Reports have been industriously circulated in Regard to the Conduct of the Rev. Mr. ADDISON, Rector of Workington, and Mr. JOHN SMITH, Pier-Master of the same Place, in the Affair of soliciting a Bill for the Harbour at Workington. In order to silence such malicious Reports, We the Committee for the said Harbour, are fully satisfied with the Conduct of, and do return our Public Thanks, to the said Mr. ADDISON and Mr. SMITH, for their great Attention, and the Trouble they had, during their long Attendance, on that Business, in London." Dated Workington, 25 Jun. Signed by John Hodgson, Joseph Hurd, Henry Fawcett, Henry Gaitskell, Edward Stanley, Thomas Brough, William Watts, John Ellwood, John Falcon.
"MANOR OF APPLEBY": notice regarding the earlier advert for the cattle show. Gallow-Hill is actually within the township of Bongate, and has recently been divided between the Rt. Hon. Sackville, Earl of Thanet Island, lord of the manor, and other land proprietors there, by an Act of Parliament for inclosing the commons & waste grounds in Appleby manor; "but, for the Convenience of the Public, the said Earl and Proprietors have permitted the same to lie open, that a Shew of Cattle, Horses, and Sheep might be held thereon."
LAMPLUGH RACES, 1777
[with picture of horses about to pass the finishing-post] To be run on Millbanks Park, part of the demesne lands of Lamplugh Hall:
4 Jul- "a Match of FIFTY POUNDS, and a Purse of FIVE POUNDS, by any Horse, Mare, or Gelding, that never won Fifty Pounds, Matches excepted" 4-year-olds to carry 7.5 Stone; 5-year-olds 8.5 Stone; older horses 9 Stone. Best of 3 heats (4 miles each)- "Three to run, or no Race."
5 Jul- "a Match of Fifty Pounds, and a Purse of Five Pounds, by any Horse, Mare, or Gelding"; 14 Hands to carry 8 Stone; "higher or lower, Weight in Proportion". Best of 3 heats (4 miles each)- 3 to run or no race.
Both days- "a SADDLE will be Run for"; "A HAT, of Ten Shillings and Six-pence, for Footmen".
"All Horses, &c. to appear, and enter" before 4pm on 3 Jul "at JOHN DALE'S, of Lamplugh-Cross, or at JOHN ASKEW'S, of Millgill-Head, where proper Attendance will be given and Care taken of all Horses, &c." "and be Subject to Articles then produced."
"No Person to have either Tent, or Booth, &c. without Consent of the Stewards of the Course."
Horses to be on the ground, ready for starting, at 1pm on race days.
"ORDINARIES and ASSEMBLIES at NIGHT."
A Commission of Bankrupt has been awarded against John Armstrong, drover, dealer & chapman, now or late of Rowcliff in Cumberland (formerly of Logan Mains, Scotland). He is to surrender to the Commissioners on 10 & 11 Jul and 9 Aug at 10am, at the Crown & Mitre in Carlisle (house of Michael Beck, innkeeper) to make a full discovery & disclosure of his estate & effects etc. Anybody indebted to Armstrong should not pay him but contact Mr Richard Lowthian, attorney-at-law of Carlisle. Signed William Hodgson, George Mounsey & Philip Barnes.
Cumberland Register Office (kept by Skelton & Co. at the house of J.Dunn, printer & bookseller in Whitehaven):
Money wanted on loan: £1000, £500, £300 & £200, all "upon unquestionable Security of Houses"; £250 "upon Land Security"; £200, £100 and seveal smaller sums "upon undeniable Bond Security."
"Wanted several Boys for Apprentices to different Trades-
And Country Lodgings for the Summer Season."
Charge for registering at the office is just 1/0. "Letters, Post paid, will be duly answered."
28 Jun 1777- NEWS:
"We have authority for assuring the Public, that a decree was, on Saturday last, pronounced in the Admiralty Court against the ship Mercer, now in this harbour, by which she is ordered to be restored to the Owners, paying [one eighth] salvage; the Court was also pleased to reject a claim made on the part of Nathaniel Stewart, late Chief Mate of the above vessel, for six hogsheads of tobacco and one thousand hogshead-staves; and has condemned the cargo on board as lawful prize, and as droits and perquisites of Admiralty. We are also informed that the Judge of the Court, in giving the decree, declared that he did not think that Stewart had any merit in the capture, and that he looked upon Jonathan Sharp and the other nine men as the real captors.
The Commissions of appraisement of the ship, and of the appraisement and sale of the cargo, are expected in a few posts."
The Whitehaven ship Hope (Capt. Perry) has arrived at Antigua after a 5-week voyage (and is now expected to be on the way home).
Two Whitehaven ships have been captured by the Americans: the Apollo (Capt. Tobias Collins) has been taken into Martinico, and the Friends Goodwill (Capt. Henry Richardson) into St. Lucia.
The Whitehaven brig Expedition (Capt. Braithwaite) which sailed from Whitehaven for Norway on 15 Jun, carrying ballast, met three American privateers on the following Wed, about 2 miles from the Mull of Cantire: the Reprisal (Commodore Wickes; 18 guns & 120 men), the Lexington (Henry Johnson; 16 guns & 100 men) and the Dolphin (Nicholson, 10 guns, 50 men). The victims of these privateers include:
19 Jun- 3 vessels, including the Expedition (sunk).
20 Jun- 3, including the Whitehaven sloop Jason (Joseph Hutchinson) en route from Whitehaven to Petersburgh in ballast (sent to France).
21 Jun- 2, including the Whitehaven bark John & Thomas (John Yowart) en route from Norway to Dublin, carrying deals (sent to France).
22 Jun- 3: the Workington brig Graystock (James Clark) en route from Workington to Dublin, carrying coals (sunk); the Whitehaven brig Richard (Thomas Ledger) en route from Whitehaven to Dublin, carrying coals (sunk); and the Maryport brig Favourite (Caleb Grave) en route from Maryport to Dublin, carrying coals (sunk).
23 Jun- 4, including the brig Crawford.
Last Tue "Johnson, (by Permission of his Commodore, Wickes) put 107 of the prisoners on board the Crawford, with leave for them to depart and make the best of their way. They were put on board the said vessel about one league from Tuscar, but under a promise of reaching Whitehaven, if possible, without putting into any port, or landing any of the passengers. The reason of this caution is obvious; Whitehaven being at the greatest Distance, the alarm would be so much longer of reaching the ears of government" ...
The privateers "sailed from Nantz about 5 weeks ago, went round Ireland and up the North Channel; they detained the Crawford till they had reached Tuscar, when having a fair wind they stood out of the channel, and the Crawford, under the command of Capt. John Yowart, directed her course for Whitehaven" ... The Crawford, formerly of Glasgow, arrived in Whitehaven on Thu morning.
[Tuscar is a rock off Carnsore Point, at the south-east corner of Ireland; Nantz is the French city of Nantes- as noted in previous issues of the Chronicle, the French gave a great deal of surreptitious aid to American attacks on British shipping]
"we have been, as usual on such occasions, much assisted by our industrious Forerunner- But, as all our accounts declare that the privateers were mostly manned by awkward French Landsmen, and as we have seen, upon the limbs of some of the prisoners, the wounds of Irons and Hand-cuffs, we have taken the liberty of suppressing those flaming puffs concerning the Force of the half-starved Frenchmen, and the Humanity of the 'sinking burning and destroying' Rebels.- Neither do we think that the facetious concluding anecdote, however it may suit an extraordinary Pacquet, is at all fit to be joined in our Paper with an account so ruinous to many worthy Families, and so alarming to the nation in general." ...
"several of the principal inhabitants" of Whitehaven met at Hailes's Coffee Room the afternoon following the bad news "to consider of some scheme for the public safety" and arranged a general meeting, which was held yesterday afternoon, "at which the principal Gentlemen and Inhabitants, resolved to petition the Lords Commissioners of the Admiralty to station a vessel of force, in the Channel, in order to protect the trade of this and the neighbouring ports"... "The petition was sent off early in the evening: And we are informed that Lieutenant Shammond, of the Royal Navy, was strongly recommended, to their Lordships, as a Gentleman every way qualified to have the command of such vessel, and likely, from the general esteem he is held in, to man her in a very short time."
Extract of a letter from one George Thayer, on the Lexington, 4 leagues from Dundalk, 22 Jun 1777: "We entered the channel, North about, on the 18th. have sunk, or sent to France, twelve prizes within these few days, and have taken five more, mostly colliers, one brig belonging to Mr. Thompson of Newry, which I am very sorry for. I am now on board of a brig which mounts 16 guns, in company with a ship of 18, and a sloop of 10 guns, now bound through the channel. We are able to man 12 prizes more."
[NB: I have so far failed to find a specimen of the "extraordinary" edition of the Cumberland Pacquet, which was published on 26 Jun. However, copies were sent to Glasgow and Edinburgh, so one may yet turn up. The Chronicle's sniping at its enterprising (and successful) rival was returned with interest a few days later- in particular, the Pacquet expressed grave doubts about the above letter.]
[Austin & Whitlock's company ends its run at the Theatre in Newcastle this week]
"Last week as a girl, about eight years old, daughter of Mr Joseph Brown of Dacre, was holding open a gate, for a person on horseback, she received a stroke from the horse which fractured her skull, and otherwise so much bruised her that she died in a few days."
28 Jun 1777- MARRIED
A few days ago at Kirkoswald, by the Rev. Mr Fisher: Sir Thomas Carey, Bart., and Miss Smallwood, daughter of the late Rev. Mr Smallwood & niece of Timothy Featherstonehaugh Esq.
NO CORN PRICES
HIGH WATER AT WHITEHAVEN, 29 Jun to 5 Jul:
Sun, 05.31am, 05.57pm
Mon, 06.23am, 06.48pm "clock fast 3m"
Tue, 07.16am, 07.44pm
Wed, 08.13am, 08.42pm
Thu, 09.11am, 09.40pm "clock fast 4m"
Fri, 10.09am, 10.39pm
Sat, 11.10am, 11.38pm