CUMBRIAN NEWS FROM SEP-OCT 1777
WHITEHAVEN PUBLIC ADVERTISER
PRINTED and PUBLISHED by ALEXANDER COUTTS, & Co. at the PRINTING-OFFICE in the Market-Place
This Paper is regularly filed at the London Coffee-House, Ludgate-Hill, and at the Chapter Coffee-House, Pater-Noster Row, and may be had of Mr PETER BRETT, Stationer, opposite St. Clement's Church in the Strand; and of Mrs. HAMILTON, No. 4, Rolls-Buildings Fetter lane, London.
Advertising/ subscription agents in London (Mr T. Evans, Bookseller of Pater-noster Row), Dublin, Edinburgh, Newcastle-upon-Tyne, Liverpool, Chester, Manchester, Lancaster, Sheffield, Appleby (Mr Furness), Dumfries, Carlisle (Mr Dalston, barber, & Mrs Norman), Wigton (Mr Blennerhasset), Penrith (Mr Stephenson), Keswick (Mr Scot, post-master), Cockermouth (Mr J. Meals), Mary-Port (Mr Sibson, at the Brewery), Workington (Mr Atkinson), Harrington (Mr W. Pearson), Hesket New Market (Mr Blair), Ulverstone (Mr Parke), Douglas IOM, and Egremont (Mr Jackson, saddler)
6 Sep 1777 (price 3d):
As in previous issues:
Green Close Farm to let
Southfield Farm to let
Brigantine Ann for sale
[Nicholson & Co. Lottery Office, London]
"STATE LOTTERY, 1777.
2 Prizes of £20,000; 3 of £10,000; 4 of £5,000; 8 of £2,000; 10 of £1,000; 30 of £500; 200 of £100; 500 of £50; 15,900 of £20. Total 16,657 winning tickets out of 50,000 to be sold. Draw begins 17 Nov; bonuses £500 for first ticket drawn on each of the first 10 days; last ticket drawn, £1,000.
"Messrs. SKELTON, & Co.
At their REGISTER OFFICE
In the Market Place, Whitehaven, Agents to Messrs. DAINTY and Co. of Cheapside, London, (who have been remarkable in the last and former Lotteries for selling and Sharing the Capital Prizes) having received from them a Variety of Numbers divided into Halves, Quarters, Eighths, 16ths 32ds 64ths, gives this Notice, that the same are Now Selling at the London prices, viz."
Half, £7 (i.e. for potential maximum winning of £10,000); quarter, £3/11/0; eighth, £1/16/0; 16th, 18/6; 32nd 9/6; 64th 5/0.
CHANCES [see below]: Whole chance, £8/8/0 (for potential maximum winning of £20,000); half, £4/5/0; quarter, £2/5/0; eighth, £1/3/0.
"Tickets are expected to be considerably higher before the Drawing
N.B. This Lottery is much more advantageous to Adventurers than the last, as the Prizes will be paid their full Amount in Money without any Deduction whatever, whereas in the last Lottery the Prizes were subject to a Deduction of One-fifth Part of their Value.
- And to such Persons who think the 20£ Prizes not Object, the Purchase of Chances is particularly recommended, which cost little more than Half the price of Tickets, and entitle the Holder to all the Prizes from 50£ to 20,000£.
The Purchasers of Messrs. DAINTY and Co's. Shares and Chances are particularly secured in their Property, as the Original Tickets are always previous to the Drawing of the Lottery deposited in the Bank of England, there to remain for the Benefit of the fortunate Holders. And all Prizes sold by them will be paid their full Amount at their Office in Cheapside, or at the Bank of England, pursuant to Act of Parliament.
TICKETS Register'd at 6d. per Number, and the earliest Account sent of their Success; and all Letters (post-paid) immediately answered."
STATE LOTTERY, 1777
By Authority of Parliament.
TICKETS and SHARES of TICKETS,
Also CHANCES & SHARES of CHANCES,
Are now selling at the Lowest Prices,
By Messrs. KING and Co.
At their State Lottery-Office, No. 438, in the Strand
L O N D O N
Where all Business of the LOTTERY is transacted with
Correctness and Fidelity.
TICKETS, SHARES, and CHANCES,
Are Sold and Registered on Commission from this Office,
By WILLIAM ALEXANDER
At Mrs. JANE BUNTZE'S, Ironmonger, in the Market Place, Whitehaven.
Details of the lottery prizes as in Skelton & Co./Dainty. advert.
Ticket prices: Whole ticket £13/13/0; half £7; quarter £3/11/0; eighth £1/16/0; sixteenth 18/6; thirtysecond 9/6; sixtyfourth 5/0.
Chance prices (for prizes over £20 only): Whole chance £8/8/0; half £4/5/0; quarter £2/5/0; eighth £1/3/0; sixteenth 11/0; thirtysecond 6/0; sixtyfourth 3/0.
Also list of 24 prizes over £500 (including one of £10,000, ticket number 19,900 and two of £5,000, numbers 37,718 and 40,311) won by King & Co. customers in the last lottery.
Bolton Inclosure- first meeting to be held at the Buck (William Stockdale's), 8 Oct, 9am-6pm. Anybody having claims relating to the manor boundaries, or claiming common rights etc. must attend or send representatives. Anybody failing to make a claim at the first or second meeting will be excluded from the inclosure. Claims not objected to at the first, second or third meetings will be allowed. Dated 30 Aug; signed George Blamire, Isaac Robson & Raisley Calvert, commissioners.
To let by private contract, for a term of years: "compact Estate called BONNY HILL" at Papcastle "Two short Miles from Cockermouth", including good mansion, dairy, stable, 2 byres, 2 barns, large farm yard with covered shade 55ft long, 120 acres of "rich Arable, Pasture, and Meadow Land" ("well watered and fenced") with right on the adjoining commons of Papcastle and Bridekirk. Also has a lime kiln, "and Plenty of Limestone convenient". Has been "in the Occupation of the Proprietor for Three Years past, and a great Part of is has been compleatly drained and hedged, the Houses and Roads put into good Condition, with Three Thousand Bushels of Lime laid on the Ground." Possession by agreement any time up to Candlemas; for terms, enquire to Mr Joseph Harriman in Whitehaven. Mr John Bacon jnr of Bridekirk will show the premises. The new tenant may also purchase all or part of the stock and husbandry gear, which will otherwise be disposed of after the estate is let.
To let for a term of years: farm at Rowrah, belonging to Mrs Skelton, "in good Condition, well watered and fenced, with a good Dwelling House and suitable Out-Buildings, all in very good Repair, adjoining to the Commons of Arlecdon and Lamplugh, on which it has an unlimitted Right; also the Brother Stint in Ennerdale. To view, contact Mr John Skelton. "N.B. The Farmer may have a few Sheep with the Estate, if he chuses."
Lately arrived in Whitehaven, the celebrated Dr. De Conty, "OCCULIST to Her Imperial Majesty, and his serene Highness the Elector of Saxony. Who has restored great Numbers of Blind People to Sight" [methods and success described]. "The DOCTOR will perform Operations upon poor Blind People, if they apply immediately, Gratis: and may be met with at Mrs. SMITH'S, in Queen-street." Dated 4 Sep.
[Book "England's Glory: A Poem to the King"]
NOTE FROM THE PROPRIETOR:
"After having received Public Favours, in the way of my profession, with the truest sense of gratitude, for the space of eighteen years, I beg leave to inform the Public, and particularly my very obliging Customers who have during that time, countenanced my endeavours, that I find myself so circumstanced with respect to other parts of my employment, that it is not practicable for me to continue that application which is necessary, in carrying on the business of a Printer and Book-seller, with that degree of attention which the Public has a right to expect. I have, for the reasons above-mentioned, declined the business in favour of ALEXANDER COUTTS , my Brother-in-law, and, as he has been principally connected with me in the business for these fourteen years past, I trust his care and asiduity will deserve the Patronage of my Friends, and that of the Public in general.
Fully sensible of the many obligations I lie under, I cannot conclude withoiut presenting my most grateful acknowledgments to the Public, and especially to my worthy Friends, for the numerous favours I have received.
6 Sep 1777- NEWS:
Yesterday, the Maryport ship Fanny, on a voyage from Christiana in Norway to Chester, arrived in Whitehaven. The master, Joseph Watson, had become "very melancholy" during the voyage and the previous Thursday, off the Isle of Man, while alone in his cabin, he killed himself by cutting his throat. He was 27 years old. Coroner's verdict, lunacy.
Note on the high price of wheat in Hampshire, due to a wet summer: £15 a load, equivalent to £1/2/6 a Cumberland bushel.
Whitehaven: "Large quantities of herrings, from the Isle of Man, have been sold here, for this week past, at 1s 6d and 1s per hundred, which has greatly reduced the price of butcher's meat. The great numbers catched near that Island, this season, have reduced the price to 6d per hundred there; a scarcity of salt at that place, is given as a reason that so many boats put in here- nine, nearly full loaden, arrived here this morning."
Tue morning, Whitehaven: "the brig Mercury having got her keel on the breast-work, between the old and new tongues, in this harbour, overset when the tide left her; but, by the help of water casks and other necessary means, she was uprighted the tide following. Happily no person was hurt, nor does it appear that the vessel received any considerable damage."
"The Matty, Capt. Cragg, the Mary, Capt. Parkin, for Workington, and the Brothers, Capt. Peel, for Whitehaven, passed Elsinore downwards on the 21st of August."
"The Hero, Capt. Smith, of this port, arrived at New York on the 15th of July, after a fine passage of eight weeks.- The Chambre, Capt. Smith, is one of the fleet, gone on the secret expedition, under the command of Lord Howe."
"We are credibly informed that there is a Gentleman in the parish of Crosscannonby, in this county, who has had twelve fathers and twelve mothers by lawful marriage. G.P."
Letter from a British Grenadier to his friends at Cockermouth, dated Ticonderago, 13 Jul: "This day week we had a fine ball here, many instruments at work, particularly that instrument called a firelock, which we supply with powder and ball, and the rebels danced Over the hills and far away; we expect to overtake them at Fort George, where we will learn them a new dance called the Clear rounds, which is the favourite tune of the British Grenadiers." Note: "The above Grenadier hath twice given up his pension, in spite of the remonstrances of his friends."
Last Tue, at St. James's church, Whitehaven: Mr James Pratt, mariner, to Miss Eleanor Benn, mantua-maker of George's-street
Last week, Mr William Nixon, son of Mr John Nixon of Whitehaven, "a young Gentleman greatly respected and lamented, by all who knew him, especially by his parents to whom he gave daily proofs of his filial affection."
Thu before Sep 2, while taking his morning ride at Scarborough, where he had gone "for the recovery of his health", the Rev. Mr Waugh, one of the Prebendaries of Carlisle, "was seized with a sudden illness; add though immediate assistance was procured him, yet to the inexpressible grief of his family, and extreme regret of all his friends and acquaintance, he expired in about an Hour's time."
[This first one is irrelevant, but funny]:
"Imitated from the French (anon.)
The other day, in thoughtless fury,
I'd give ten pounds, says neighbour James,
If Cuckolds all, sans Judge and Jury,
Were tumbled headlong in the Thames.
Lord! cries his wife,- a buxom lass,-
How cou'd you think of such a whim?
And, prithee, should it come to pass,
Have you, my deary,- learn'd to swim?"
"An Acrostic" by J.R. of Uldale
FROM thee, kind FRIENDSHIP, source of all our joys,
Redounds our ease; thy balm our pain annoys.
In deep distress, in sickness, and in grief
Entangled round, from thee we find relief.
No scepter'd King, no tyrant proud of fame,
Deny what honours wait thy generous name.
Since, of thy goodness, all mankind may taste,
How vainly time contentious mortals waste.
In noble strains, let us, to FRIENDSHIP calm
Pour forth all praise, and search its healing balm.
6 Sep 1777- SHIPPING:
29 Aug- Venus, Kirk, Kirkcudbright; Margret, McKey; Jane, Stitt, Water Orr; Hartley, Fanning; Olive Branch, Angus; Benn, McMellon; Minerva, Jackson; James & Ann, Peele; Elizabeth, Fletcher; William & Nancy, Cannon; Peace, Steele; John & Thomas, Yowart; Arthur, Wells, Dublin; Mary & Jane, Dalton, Waterford; Mally, Douglas, Wigton
30 Aug- Chatham, Pearson, Ballantray; Eagle Packet, Maxwell, Isleman; Betsey, Yowart; King George, Stobridge; Ann & Francis, Booth; Prosperous, Thompson, Dubin; Lynx, Banton, Seas; Stranford, Houghton, Strangford
31 Aug- Jenny, Cracket, Dumfries; Mary & Kitty, Eglon, Wigton; Adventure, Murdock, Lochryan; Mayflower, Barns, Carlisle; Mary Ann, Robinson, Belfast
1 Sep- Lively, Watts, Dublin; Dido, Telford, Highlands; Frendship, Pearson, Balbriggen
2 Sep- Mally, Caffrey; Prince of Wales, Briggs; Echo, Allison, Dublin; Unity, Corish; Richard, Wraith, Wexford
3 Sep- Diligence, Goldey, Durfries; Forister, Turner, Petersburgh; Mary, McCormick, Donnaghadee
4 Sep- Hannah, McCreedy, Kirkcudbright; Jenny & Betty, Bell, Carlisle; Kitty, Agnew, Stranraer; Industry, Agnew, Youghall; Open Boat, Quaile, Isleman
5 Sep- Williamson, Phillipson; Love, Machell, Dublin; Mally, Messenger, Newrey; Providence, Brown, Dumfries; Fanny, Brown, Norway; Open Boat, Kearman; John & Mary, Kain, Isleman; Jenny, McGowan, Wigton; Tryal, Briggs, Dumfries; Industry, Broadfoot, Whithorn; Speedwell, Alley, Dungarvon
29 Aug- Vulcan, Harrison; Brayton, Folder, Maryport
30 Aug- Joyce & Ann, Saul, Liverpool; Mally, Douglas, Parton; Allison, Bowman; Nelly, Woodburn; Kirkum, Bone; Mary & Betty, Boadle, Dublin
31 Aug- Peter, Whailey, Ulverstone
3 Sep- Eagle Packet, Maxwell; Pitt, Sail; Nelly, Brice, Isleman; Dido, Telford, Liverpool; Hussar, Gurley, Seas
4 Sep- Union, Whiley; Nancy, Spedding, Liverpool; Kitty, Jones, Ravenglass; Truelove, Littledale; Betsey, Younghusband; Lark, Anderson; Mally & Peggy, Walker; Dove, Dargue; Charlotte, Stuart, Dublin; Earl of Errol, Hutchinson, London; Arthur, Wells, Cork
5 Sep- Lawrence, Sherlock; Jennet, Chalmers, Cork; Jenny & Betty, Bell, Kirkcudbright
29 Aug- Mally, Jackson, Drogheda; Mary, Lonsdale, Portaferry
30 Aug- Love, Barns, Balbriggen; Success, Barne, Drogheda
31 Aug- Jane, Graham, Water Orr
1 Sep- Diligence, Tickel, Dublin
31 Aug- Brothers, Skelton, Dundalk; Cavendish, Saterthwaite; Nancy, Parker, Ulverstone
29 Aug- Eleanor, Hargrove, Kinsale; George, Clark, Drogheda; Martin, Bowes; Integrity, Robinson, Dublin; Vigilant, Wilson, Belfast
30 Aug- Glory, Lawson, Belfast
31 Aug- Sally, Casson, Drogheda; Etty, Thompson, Newry
1 Sep- Bella, Crosthwaite, Sligo; Brothers, Kay, Dublin
2 Sep- Matty, Halcrow; Blyth Ann, Atkinson, Belfast; Happy, Jackson, Drogheda
3 Sep- Speedwell, Jackson, Strangford; Mary, Bailey, Bangor
4 Sep- Thomas, Westray, Skinburness; Diamond, Steele, Dublin
29 Aug- Commerce, Burrel, Dublin
30 Aug- Constant Trader, Griffith; Mermaid, Ruth, Chester
4 Sep- Blessings, Course; Bellona, Kelsick; Eleanor, Hargrove; George, Clark; Hawk, Smith; Aesolution [sic], Skelton; Truelove, Curwen; Unity, Westray; Lowther, Lawrence, Dublin
29 Aug- Mary, Waite, Drogheda; Marigold, Steele, Dublin; Morning Star, Messenger, Portaferry; Vulcan, Harrison, Liverpool; William & Mary, Owen, Cardigan
30 Aug- Hope, Inman, Dublin
31 Aug- Content, Bouch, Sarkfoot; Rachel & Mary, Smith, Drogheda
5 Sep- Britain, Crierie, Strangford
30 Aug- Tryal, Holliday, Dumfries; Liberty, Huddart, Dublin
31 Aug- Mary, Butler, Wexford; Ranger, Graham, Dumfries
3 Sep- Cookson, Robinson; Experiment, Collin, Dublin; William & Mary, Owen, Cardigan
4 Sep- Royal Oak, Gibson; Ann & Francis, Borriskell Marigold, Steele; Agnes & Betty, Bell; Mary & Betty, Thornburn; Sally, Bell; Duke, Fletcher; Morning Star, Messenger; Friendship, Lstih [sic], Dublin
HIGH WATER AT WHITEHAVEN, 7 Sep to 13 Sep:
Sun, 02.17am, 02.38pm
Mon, 03.00am, 03.23pm
Tue, 03.46am, 04.09pm
Wed, 04.33am, 04.58pm, clock slow 3m
Thu, 05.24am, 05.50pm
Fri, 06.16am, 06.43pm
Sat, 07.10am, 07.38pm
13 Sep 1777:
As in previous issues:
Farm at Rowrah to let
Green Close Farm in Bassenthwaite to let
Bonny Hill to let
Dr De Conty, oculist
Skelton & Co. Lottery agency.
[Richardson & Goodluck Lottery Office]
[King & Co. Lottery Office]
["England's Glory" poem book]
To let: House & outhouses at Bankend, near Maryport, "with some of the adjacent Fields for the several Purposes of Husbandry."
"ALSO, A Pasture Farm of considerable Extent, and some smaller Parcels". Entry at or before Candlemas, further particulars from Netherhall. To view, contact the present farmer, "who quits the Premises".
Application is to be made in the next session of Parliament to bring lin a Bill for a turnpike road from Summer Rods Bar at Hexham in Northumberland, via Nubbuck Cross, Whitfield, Clargill Burn (south of Clargill House, "as near the old Road as may be Convenient") to Alston in Cumberland, "and from thence to Penrith, in the said County, or so far as may be agreed upon", via Alston House, across the Tyne bridge there, to the top of Toutup Hill, then to Melmerby, Langwathby Bridge, by the lower part of Penrith Fell. Cumberland parishes affected: Alston, Addingham, Melmerby, Gusby, Langwathby, Edenell & Penrith. [NB this advert appears twice, the second time with an apology for mistakes in the first version]
Cumberland Register Office:
Skelton & Co., Market Place, Whitehaven.
"ALL Persons who may have Occasion to borrow or lend Money, on real or personal Security, may be accommodated- And all Persons wanting Farms, Shops, Schools, Houses and Lodgings furnished or unfurnished, may be supplied. Persons having any such to let or dispose of may hear of Tenants or Purchasers.-
Persons in Business wanting Purchases may be accommodated. Masters, Workmen, and Manufacturers, in all Branches of Trade, may be supplied with Journeymen & Apprentices- Parents, Guardians, &c. having Sons & Daughters, or Wards, to put out as Apprentices may hear of Masters or Mistresses, of Credit, in all Trades and Professions.- Private Families may be provided with Tutors and Governesses; and Academies or Boarding-Schools with Ushers and proper Assistance- Ladies and Gentlemen may be supplied with Housekeepers, Men Servants or Boys, Women Servants or Girls, of good Characters in all Stations; and Country Gentlemen, or Farmers, with experienced Overseers, Husbandmen, or Hinds.
N.B. All Persons making Applications at the above Office, having Money to lend- for servants- or Employment, &c. are charged only one Shilling for registering.- Letters, Post paid, will be duly answered."
New book "Clarke's True Theory and Practice of Husbandry", published in Newcastle, is sold in Whitehaven by Alexander Coutts (successor to J. Dunn), M. Little, J. Corkhill and other booksellers; in Kendal by J. Ashburner & W. Pennington; in Penrith by J. Soulby; in Carlisle by M. Hodgson & A. Campbell; in Wigton by M. Furnass.
For sale by auction at Mr Haile's Coffee-Room, Custom House Quay, Whitehaven, 24 Sep: "the good BRIGANTINE or Vessel called The BROTHERS" (of Newry, Capt. John Lindsey)- Liverpool built, c120tons burthen "well calculated for the Coal and Coasting Trades". Now in Whitehaven harbour; to view, contact Samuel Martin Esq. in Lowther-street, or Capt. Lindsey. 20 guineas payable in hand, the rest at 3 & 6 months, subject to security.
"It having been artfully reported, since Mr. DUNN declined business, that we intend declining the publication of the Cumberland Chronicle, at the end of the year- We think it necessary to inform our Friends and the Public, that such reports are false, and only fabricated to mislead those who have patronized this work."
13 Sep 1777- NEWS:
Last Sat "the corpse of the Rev. Mr. Waugh, a Prebendary of Carlisle, was carried to that city and interred, in one of the isles of the Cathedral, in a most magnificent manner. All his particular acquaintance had hat-bands, scarfs, and gloves."
Last Tue, Capt. William Hayton, master of the Jane, of Whitehaven, "was taken violently ill, in his passage to Dublin, and died next morning." The vessel turned back to Whitehaven, arriving on Thu. "Capt. Hayton was universally esteemed, and is sincerely regretted by all who knew him; particularly by his disconsolate widow and seven children."
Whitehaven: "A box, containing upwards of thirty guineas, was taken out of a public house, in this town, about a month ago- and, wonderful to tell! it was yesterday, we hear, conveyed back again, with its contents safe, to the great joy of the owner."
Whitehaven, Tue evening: "many of the principal Ladies and Gentlemen of this town, assembled for the first time this season, at Mr. Watson's assembly room in Albion-street. The company made a very brilliant appearance, particularly the Ladies, who have ever, on such occasions, been distnguished for their elegance of dress, politeness, and general deportment."
"We hear that Dr. de Conty (See the Advertisement in the front of this Paper) at the desire of several patients, will be at Workington on Wednesday next."
Whitehaven: "Yesterday they began here to drive spiles for securing the foundation (which is a sharp quicksand) of the Breastwork between the Old Tongue and Quay with a large and powerful engine, the ram or hammer of which weighs upwards of five hundred weight. Motion is given to the ram by men assisted with the combined powers of crank, tooth, and pinion; upon the same axis with the two cranks (each 19 inches from the centre to the turn or handle) is fixed a nut, with ten teeth or leaves, giving motion to a wheel with forty teeth; upon the same axis, on which the iron wheel of forty teeth is fixed, is a roller of 15 inches diameter. Upon this roller the rope is wound, which raises the ram, afd leads to a sheeve or wheel of about 23 inches diameter, placed vertically upon the top of the machine, from thence leading to the shears placed above the ram. The use of these shears is, when the ram is at full height, the upper points of the shears are pressed inwards, between two cleats nailed upon the groove which the ram slides in, which opens the low points till the handle of the ram slips out, the ram descending falls on the rammer and drives the spile; then upon slipping the pinion out of the teeth of the wheel, the shears quickly descend to the ram; by means of a heavy block of oak they are fixed in, and catch it- the men then proceed to wind up as before.- Machines of this sort being entirely new in this part, great numbers of people attended its performance; and it is allowed, by many judges in mechanice, to be a well calculated piece of machinery."
Fri 5 Sep, c11pm: "as one George Atkinson, a chaise driver at the Crown in Penrith, was going down the street ... he was attacked by one Robert Wybergh, of that place, a breeches-maker, who attempted to stab him in the breast with a knife, but missing his direction, he cut him across the upper part of the right arm in so terrible a manner, that it was with the greatest difficulty the Gentlemen of the Faculty could stop the blood. From Atkinson's repeated out-cries of murder! a crowd soon gathered, and Wybergh was apprehended that evening. He seemed to be somewhat in liquor, and urged very little in his own defence. He was examined the next morning by the Rev. Mr. Cowper, who committed him to Carlisle gaol. Atkinson, after having languished in a most miserable situation, died yesterday morning, quite delirious- The Coroner's Inquest was to st upon the body in the evening, and as the malitia precogitata was expected to be proved in Wybergh, it is believed the verdict would be wilful murder."
4 Sep, Penrith: "Since a little before the races we have had a company of comedians, in this town. Considering that many Gentlemen of this neighbourhood are at Guilsland, Allonby, and other watering places, they have had very good houses. A few nights ago Mr. and Mrs. Wallace honoured the house with their presence, and seemed to be very well entertained with the performance of the Macaroni, and Love-a-la-mode, or The Humours of the Turf. It is but common justice to observe their performances throughout have been decently conducted and their characters well supported."
Lately at Penrith, Mr Henry Holker, Lieutenant in the 31st regiment of foot.
Wed last week at Penrith, Mrs Ann Nelson, widow of the late Mr John Nelson, grocer.
"Advice" by "a Lady" (on "how to manage a man"- may not be local)
13 Sep 1777- SHIPPING:
6 Sep- Loyalty, Thompson; Boyne, Coulthard, Dublin; James & Thomas, Benn, Newrey; Nicholas, Linsey, Water Orr; Jackson, Sharp, Riga; Nelly, Briggs, Parton; 6 Open Boats, Isleman
7 Sep- Blessing, Curwen; Ratcliffe, Hodgson, Dublin; Aurora, Jones, Carnarvon; Eagle Packet, Maxwell, Isleman
8 Sep- Ann, Rudd, Bremen; Orange, Losh, Dublin
9 Sep- Mary, Doyle, Wexford; Jane, McGowan, Wigton; Chatham, Pearson, Isleman
10 Sep- John, Grime, Isleman; Peggy, Stuart, Whithorn; Mally, Douglas; Garlis, McGowen, Wigton; Thomas, Carrell, Drogheda; Brothers, Linsey, Newrey; 3 Open Boats, Isleman
11 Sep- Friends Adventure, Stitt; Kitty, Fisher, Dublin; Eagle Packet, Maxwell, Isleman; 2 Open Boats, Isleman
5 Sep- Chatham, Pearson, Isleman
6 Sep- John & Mary, Cain, Isleman; Mayflower, Barnes, Lancaster; Venus, Kirk, Kirkcudbright; Jenny, Burney, Whithorn; Betty, Hannah; Mary & Kitty, Eglon, Wigton; Strngford, Houghton, Strangford; Endeavour, Moor; Catharine, Williams; Betsey, Armstrong; Ann, Briggs; Isabella, Fisher; Wilson, Benson; Resolution, Banks; Lowther & Senhouse, Hinde; William & Mary, Moor; Musgrave, Sibson; Assistance, Farish; Fox, Salkeld; Brittania, Bowman; Garland, Piper; Curwen, Younghusband; Dash, Corkhill; Cumberland, Fleming; Betty, Palmer; Westmorland, Allison; William & Thomas, Piper; Danson, Pearson; Rose, Harrison; Peggy, Blake; Joanna, Fisher; Vigilant, Williamson, Dublin; Two Sisters, Roberts, Conaway [sic]; Nicholas, Cloake; Jenny, Chinceller, Wexford; Ann, Davis, Newry; Lennet, Bell, Isleman; Jenny, Cracket, Dumfries; Chatham, Blair, Lain; 6 Open Boats, Isleman
8 Sep- Aurora, Jones, Carlisle; Industry, Kelly, Cork; John & Mary, Mayson, Dublin; Eagle Packet, Maxwell, Isleman
9 Sep- Sedgwick, Welch, Dublin; Hannah, McCreedy, Wigton
10 Sep- Forister, Turner, Harrington; Mally, Douglas, Parton; Nancy, Robbs, Cork
12 Sep- John, Grime, Isleman
6 Sep- Liverpoole, McAndress, Dumfries
7 Sep- Sarah, Crosby, Londonderry; Thomas, Heslop, Dumfries
8 Sep- Liberty, Wilks; Renown, Bacon, Dublin; Nancy, Scott, Drogheda
9 Sep- Forester, Turner, Whitehaven
6 Sep- Mary, Lashley, Dundalk
7 Sep- Mally, Jackson, Drogheda; Nelly, Burnet; Pitt, Bell, Newry; James, Sielby, Belfast; Jane, Graham, Dumfries
9 Sep- Thomas, Heslop, Dumfries
5 Sep- Henry, Clark; Liffey, Grayson; Lark, Tully; Glory's Increase, Marshall, Dublin; Providence, Brockbank, Newry; Betty, Fearon, Ferrytown Cree
6 Sep- Charming Jenny, Casson, Kirkcudbright; Henry & Joseph, Tickell, Dublin
10 Sep- Charlotte, Dixon, Kirkcudbright; Pallas, Kelsick, Cantra
6 Sep- Ann, Marshall; Dove, Hargrove; Endeavour, Atkinson; Felicity, Atkinson; Happy Return, Sparks; Liberty, Yoward; Martin, Bowes; Mary, Barnes; Peggy, Hayston; Speedwell, Lawrence; Venus, Messenger, Dublin
7 Sep- Active, Allison; Assistance, Hutchinson; Henry, Bell; Lark, Armstrong; Pomona, Kay; Nancy, Davis, Dublin
HIGH WATER AT WHITEHAVEN, 14 Sep to 20 Sep:
Sun, 08.05am, 08.33pm
Mon, 09.00am, 09.27pm
Tue, 09.54am, 10.21pm, clock slow 5m
Wed, 10.48am, 11.15pm
Thu, 11.41am, 12.07pm
Fri, 12.08am, 12.34pm
Sat, 01.02am, 01.28pm, clock slow 7m
20 Sep 1777:
As in previous issues:
Green Close Farm, Bassenthwaite
Brigantine "The Brothers"
Bonny Hill estate to let
Hexham turnpike road
Dr. De Conty, oculist [with additional note that he will be at the Rising Sun, Cockermouth, next Mon]
Skelton & Co. Lottery agents [with additional note that a winning ticket in the last lottery claimed to have been sold by King & Co. was actually sold by Dainty & Co.]
Cumberland Register Office
Wm. Alexander, agent for King & Co. Lottery Office
"Just Arrived. From the ROYAL ELABORATORY in the City of LONDON; supported by the most ingenious Artists in the Medical Science for the Good of the Afflicted in general: THE SPECIFIC DROPS, sold (only) in Whitehaven by Alexander Coutts (Successor to J. Dunn) Printer and Bookseller in the Market Place, Which may be depended upon to be a certain and safe CURE for the Scurvy, Rheumatism, Contracted Ligaments, Cancers, Ulcerated Legs" etc. etc.
"Just received from LONDON": stationery and books, sold by A. Coutts & Co. (successor to J. Dunn)
"Just received from LONDON": "A fresh Assortment of Cordial Waters, VIZ. Usquebaugh, Cinnamon Water, Heart's-ease and other different Cordials, at Twelve Shillings per Gallon, or Sixpence per Noggin." Sold wholesale & retail by Mrs Williamson, grocer in Quay-street, near the Market-Place, Whitehaven.
For sale by auction at the King's Arms, Whitehaven (John Buck's), 27 Sep: "all the FREHOLD HOUSES, STABLE, and YARD of WILLIAM HARRISON, late of Whitehaven, Sawyer; situate in John's Lane and Fox Lane in the Town of Whitehaven".
LOT 1: House fronting into John's Lane, lately occupied by the said William Harrison- 8yd 1ft frontage; 9yd 6in back to "the large Yard, Saw-pit, and Shed behind the same; the said Yard extending from the back part of HARRISON's said Dwelling-house, into Fox Lane, fifteen Yards and six Inches, and in Front to Fox Lane ten Yards and two Feet, and from the back part of HARRISON's said Dwelling-house streight across the said Yard to Mr. FINLAY's Garden, sixteen Yards."
LOT 2: stable & stable loft fronting into a lane at the end of Harrison's house (frontage 7yds 1ft) back into the above yard (5yds 1.5 ft)
LOT 3: 4 dwelling houses, of which 3 front into John's Lane, 1 into Fox Lane (frontages: 12yd 2ft to John's Lane; 6yd 1ft to Fox Lane). This lot is subject to a lease to one John France (3.5 years unexpired)
Further details from Mr & Miss Richmond's, Catharine Street, Whitehaven, or from Mr Richard Wordsworth, attorney, who is authorised to sell all or part of the premises by private contract before the sale day. William Harrison's daughter will show the premises.
[Nicholson's State Lottery Office, London]
20 Sep 1777- NEWS:
Last Tue evening: "the George, Capt. Askew, an armed vessel belonging to Samuel Martin, Esq., arrived here from New York; she left that place the 9th of August. On approaching this port, Capt. Askew saluted the town with the discharge of twenty-one guns, which brought great numbers of people on the Quays, who, on the George's entering the harbour, welcomed her with several loud huzzas, and the compliment was returned by her crew, near forty in number. She brings advice that the rebels are reproaching each other with cowardice and treachery; and that it is very certain that the four New England provinces are to feel the weight of the Royal army this campaign, the Southern ones the next."
"The weather having been very favourable, for this fortnight past, has greatly forwarded the harvest in this neighbourhood, and we hear from the more distant parts of the county, that the crops in general are in great forwardness."
Last Thu, at Whitehaven: "Dr. de Conty, Occulist, performed an operation, with the greatest success, on the eye of Elizabeth Beckton, of Queen-street, near St. James's Church, in this town; she is 16 years of age, and had been blind in one eye for seven years- immediately after the operation she could distinguish every object."
"We hear that Mary-port has been, and still is, very much frequented this season by numbers of Gentlemen and Ladies, for the benefit of bathing; as there is every convenience requisite for accommodating even those of the first rank, and the situation healthful and pleasant, it is not doubted that Mary-port will shortly be the genteelest place of resort, in the North, for those who take the benefit of the salt water."
"Great numbers of herrings having been caught near Mary-Port this week, and the fishery there being overstocked, they were sold to the country people at ten pence per hundred."
The coroner's inquest on George Atkinson [see last week] brought in a verdict of manslaughter.
Last Mon, "The Maid of the Mill" was performed in the Theatre at Penrith, with "Bon Ton" (or "High Life above Stairs"). Mr. & Mrs. Pattinson, of Melmerby, attended. The house "was very much crowded, and the company went thro' their several characters with their usual decency."
"Last week some villains broke into Patterdale Chapel, in this county, and stole from thence the hearse cloth and several prayer books, with which they got clear off."
Lately: Mr Thomas Chambers & Miss Ann Watman, of Gale, Abbey Holme.
Last week, at Crosthwaite Church: Mr William Benson to Miss Wilson of Keswick, "an agreeable young Lady with a genteel fortune."
Last Thu evening at Penrith: Mr Thomas Lamley.
"On the Motto, Know thyself". Anonymous, but "For the CUMBERLAND CHRONICLE."
20 Sep 1777- SHIPPING:
12 Sep- Open Boat, Cubbon, Isleman
13 Sep- Peggy & Betty, Carlisle, Carlisle [sic]; Flimby, Mokinson, Harrington; John & Peter, Clair, Ulverstone; Brayton, Saul, Carlisle; Chatham, Pearson, Isleman
14 Sep- Nancy, Spedding, Liverpool; Boscawen, Branwood, Liverpool; Laurel, Stuart, Chester; Prosperity, Monkhouse, Seas
15 Sep- Swallow, Boaden, Liverpool; Industry, Cragg; Betsy, Younghusband, Dublin; Glory, Jackson, London
16 Sep- Peggy, Ramsey, Belfast; Linnet, Sheperd, Isleman; Prosperity, Piper; Content, Woodell, Dublin; Allison, Bowman, Balbriggan; George, Askew, New York
17 Sep- Strangford, Houghton, Strangford; Flimby, Mokinson, Skinburness
18 Sep- Seahorse, Kirkpatrick, Dumfries; Lark, Anderson, Newry; Venus, Kirk, Kirkcudbright; Open Boat, Lauen, Isleman
12 Sep- Unity, Corish, Wexford; Mally, Caffrey; Ledger, Hodgson; William, Pennyman; Hartley, Fanning; Olive Branch, Angus, Dublin; Mary Ann, McCoy, Belfast; Jenny, McGowen, Wigton; Industry, Broadfoot, Whithorn; Mary & Jane, Dalton; Mary & Ann, Maddox, Waterford; Diligence, Goldey; Tryal, Briggs, Dumfries; Kitty, Agnew, Stranraer; eleven Boats, Isleman
13 Sep- Open Boat, Cubbon, Isleman; Jane, Sheperd; Chriswell, Johnstone; James & Ann, Peele; Rupert, Braithwaite; Bella, Steele; Three Brothers, Tindell; Seaflower, Gibbins, Dublin; Jane, McGowan, Wigton; Nicholas, Lindsey, Kirkcudbright; Adventure, Knail, Isleman; Speedwell, Hally, Dungarvon; Flimby, Mokinson, Skinburness; Mercury, Birket, New York
14 Sep- Nelly, Briggs Water Orr; Thomas Carrel; Mary, Reed; Peace, Ritson; Lively, Watts; Minerva, Jackson; Boyne, Coulthard; Powell, Huddlestone; Dallomtower, Fell; Benn, McMellon; William & Nancy, Cannon; Industry, Watson, Dublin; Inchinquin, Button, Plymouth; Mary, Doyle, Wexford; Providence, Brown, Dumfries; Hawke, Coupland, New York
15 Sep- Bolton, Watson; Swan, Bacon; Hannah, Mossop; John & Bella, Priestman; Salton, Dalton, Dublin; Richard, Wraith, Wexford; Eagle Packet, Maxwell, Isleman
16 Sep- Brayton, Saul, Mary Port
17 Sep- Kitty, Fisher; Mary & Betty, Jackson; Loyalty, Thompson; Ann & Francis, Booth; Betsey, Yowart; Friendship, Pearson, Dublin; Wolf, Bratney, Newry; Nancy, Spedding, Workington; John & Peter, Clair, Harrington
18 Sep- Lovely Nelly, Postlethwaite, Dublin
19 Sep- Flimby, Mokinson, Skinburness; Prince of Wales, Briggs; Elizabeth, Fletcher, Dublin
14 Sep- Charming Jenny, Carson, Dumfries
16 Sep- Delight, Clark, Dublin
17 Sep- Diligence, Thompson, Dublin
14 Sep- Success, Barnes, Drogheda; Friends, Fearon; Gale, Temple, Newry; Hazard, McGaa, Wicklow; Mary, Lonsdale; Deborah, Brockbank, Carrickfergus; Liverpool, McAndress; Sarah, Crosby, Dumfries
17 Sep- Renown, Bacon; Diligence, Tickle, Dublin; Liberty, Wilkes, Cork; Charming Jenny, Carson, Dumfries
15 Sep- Friends Adventure, Barnes, Air
16 Sep- Marigold, Steele, Dublin; Forester, Turner, Harrington; Liberty, Huddart, Drogheda
17 Sep- Robert & Nelly, Thompson, Dumfries; Ranger, Graham, Wigton
14 Sep- Thomas & Hannah, Wilson; Griffin, Potts, Dublin
17 Sep- Plain Dealer, Thompson; Draper, Carter; Rachel & Mary, Smith, Dublin
18 Sep- Britain, Crierie, Dublin
HIGH WATER AT WHITEHAVEN, 21 Sep to 27 Sep:
Sun, 01.56am, 02.24pm
Mon, 02.52am, 03.21pm
Tue, 03.50am, 04.18pm
Wed, 04.46am, 05.15pm
Thu, 05.44am, 06.11pm
Fri, 06.39am, 07.04pm, clock slow 9m
Sat, 07.29am, 06.53pm [sic]
27 Sep 1777:
As in previous issues:
Green Close Farm, Bassenthwaite
Hexham turnpike road
William Alexander, lottery agency
Skelton & Co., lottery agency
"Specific Drops" (sold by A. Coutts)
Pilula Leydenensis (sold by A. Coutts)
Turlington's Balsam of Life (sold by A. Coutts)
Dr de Conty (date of advert changed to Sep 27, but still to be in Cockermouth next Mon)
[Richardson & Goodluck lottery office, London]
To let for a term of years, by auction, at the house of Ferdinando Johnson, Cockbridge, 16 Oct: commodious farm at Blennerhasset, in Torpenhow parish, consisting of a house, 2 barns, 2 byres, 2 stables, other outbuildings, and over 175 acres of "very good arable meadow, and pasture Land, well watered, and fenced, and in very good condition"; "only a little distance from either Lime or Coal, and have plenty of Hedge-boot in or near the said Premisses, for making of Hedges." Now occupied by John Jackson as farmer; possession at Candlemas, on terms to be agreed at the sale.
Also to be let at the same time: "all the CORN TYTHES of and in the Township of Blennerhasset aforesaid, which said Township is pretty extensive, and always esteemed to produce as good Kinds of Grain as any in the Markets, and are generally sold at the highest Prices; to which said Tythes are belonging a large TYTHE BARN, in very good Repair, which wil also be Let therewith."
To view the premises, apply to Jackson, or to Mr Wilson Wood, attorney of Whitehall. Enquiries to Wood, or to Roger Williamson Esq., of Snittlegarth. N.B. Tenant will be "required to give sufficient Security for Payment of the Rent and Performance of Covenants."
Stolen or strayed from Egremont Common, a dark bay mare, c14 hands high, "with a Bushy Mane which hangs at near Side, and a short switch Tail." Reward for information leqading to her return- contact Jonathan Sharp, Egremont.
For sale by auction on the premises, starting 7 Oct: all the "NEW and ELEGANT" household furniture of Mr Harrington, Whitehaven. Selling starts in the morning and continues from ady to day until all items are sold. Dated 27 Sep.
[Warning to journeymen masons throughout Great Britain, that they are liable to prosecution if they have not served the legal apprenticeship of 7 years]
[First issue of a new partwork, History of England, published by Cooke & Co., London]
[Lottery publications by G. Pearce of London]
27 Sep 1777- NEWS:
The Lancaster brig "Thomas & Robert" (Capt. Mevity) put in at Whitehaven after a voyage from St. Christopher's with the homebound Leeward island fleet, which had begun on 1 Aug. The convoy consisted of some 27 vessels, including the Whitehaven ships Bellona (Barras) and Albion (Hogg), bound for London and the Tryton (Martindale) & Beaver (Dickenson), for Whitehaven. The escorts chased away two American privateers, and recaptured a brig that had been taken a couple of days earlier. In addition to the three escorts, many other vessels in the fleet were also "ships of force".
The Ceres (Moore) is reported to have completed its voyage from Whitehaven to Gottenburgh, despite being chased for 11 hours by an American privateer.
The Tryal (Plasket) is also reported to have survived a hazardous passage from Whitehaven to Drontheim- she escaped from an American privateer which fired several shots during a six-hour chase between Burrow Head and St. Kilda that ended only when the Tryal entered a thick fog bank.
"It is expected that Messrs. Austin and Whitlock's company, now performing with great applause at the Theatre Royal in Chester, will open the Theatre in this town about the beginning of November- and as our Theatre was visited, last summer, by numbers of Gentlemen and Ladies from different parts of this county, who all declared it to be extremely elegant and commodious, it may be presumed that Messrs. Austin and Whitlock will meet with proper encouragement this winter: and, in the mean time, every necessary means is using to have the house properly aired, &c."
"Last Tuesday, Sir James Lowther, Bart. was at Workington, on which occasion the ships in the harbour hoisted their colours, and the bells rang- this civility was returned, by a genteel present from Sir James, who, in the afternoon,was met by the Gentlemen of Workington, on board the Lowther, Capt. Walker, where they were elegantly entertained, and many loyal toasts drank. Sir James viewed and examined the harbour, with intent to make several useful improvements, and the Gentlemen of Workington were much pleased with his affability and condescension.- In the veening he arrived at the Castle near this town [Whitehaven], and the next morning set forward on a visit to his Grace the Duke of Bolton, in Yorkshire."
13 Sep, at Appleby, the gaoler Mr Benjamin Ainsley killed "a calf of the white cow kind, abouit three months old, which weightd 4st. 4lb. per quarter, and the skin 32lb.- it was got by a small bull belonging to Edward Longwoods, farmer at Hoff, near Appleby."
Whitehaven: "During the fruit season, several unlucky people are known to make a practice of robbing particular gardens, in and near this town, not only taking the fruit but breaking down the trees, walls, &c. to the great damage and disappointment of the proprietors- The folowing circumstance, which happened lately, may be depended upon. Early one morning, a Gentleman's servant discovered a man lying on the garden wall, picking off the cherries which grew on the trees near it; having informed her master, who is known to be an excellent marksman, he took his steel cross-bow, and, being sure of his mark, took aim and hit the man on the thigh. A stroke so sudden and unexpected, without the least noise or any visible appearance from whence it proceeded, surprized him so much that he fell, as dead, on the other side of the wall. The Gentleman observed him for some time after, and says it was truly laughable to see his amazement, when he recovered himself, looking around him sometimes, and then at the part which the ball had hit."
Last Thu, "Mr. Thomas Crossfield, was elected elected one of the Common Council of the Borough of Appleby, in the room of the late Daniel Robinson, Esq., and William Chayters, Esq., was nominated Mayor of that Corporation, for the ensuing year."
"Mr. Jacob Thompson, an eminent auctioneer at Penrith, performed the part of Boniface in the Beaux Stratagem, at the Theatre there, last Monday evening, and acquitted himself with that propriety for which he is so remarkable in his own calling. Mr. Isaac Robinson, a man much esteemed for his philosophical parts, favoured the audience with a song which was received with repeated bursts of applause."
"Some illdisposed persons, lately, in the nighttime, conveyed all the poultry off an estate in the parish of Arlecdon; the thieves, being fearful that the cocks, hens, geese, &c. would alarm the family on being forced from their accustomed habitation, cut off their heads, by way of making sure, which they left behind them- some people who travel the country with asses are strongly suspected."
Whitehaven, last Thu: "the body of a woman was found among the rocks at Saltom, near this harbour, very much mangled; it appeared to have been in the water for a considerable time, and was interred with the usual solemnity."
"Observations on Wheat, by R.S. and J.R's favour, in our next."
Last Mon at Penrith: Mr Yeowart & Miss Finlay, daughter of Mr John Finlay, merchant "of this town".
Last Sun: Mr Thomas Briscoe, formerly master of the Whitehaven vessel Boyne.
Lately: Mrs Ritson, in Irish Street, age 82.
A HINT FOR SERVANTS (by A.B.; another item probably without local relevance but amusing):
"During the course of this summer I went to visit an old acquaintance who having a good fortune keeps his coach, as much out of decorum as for the occasion he has for one; he keeps a set of servants, too much on the same principles.
When I was at the house he had just hired a new coachman; and a difference arising between the maid and him, about fetching a little cream from a neighbouring farmer's for breakfast, the maidservant complained to her master, that John had refused doing that office, declaring, that his business was not to fetch and carry milk.
My friend hearing this, very composedly ordered in the man, and questioned him in respect to the complaint. The man acknowledged it, by saying, 'it was no part of his business.' His master then asked, if he knew what his business was? 'Yes, replied he, Sir, I was hired to take care of your honour's horses, clean the coach, and do everything belonging to it.' Very true, says the master, and to shew you I request nothing of you but what I agreed with you for, I do not insist on your going for milk in a morning; but I insist, till you do like to fetch it every morning, you get ready the coach, and drive the maid to the farmer's house for that purpose.'
The shame of driving a fellow servant, brought him to his senses, and the cream was brought ever afterwards without any grumbling."
"To MISS F____, OF WIGTON, WITH A NOSEGAY"
THE richest stores that crown the fertile fields,
And sweetest flowr's the fragrant garden yields,
Hath D____L cull'd, and carefully convey'd,
With greatest caution, to thee lovely maid.
Accept, my fair- and let this chaplet taste
The elysian sweetness of thy snowy breast.
Lo! Near thy cheek the pink is faintly shewn,
And thy ripe lips out-blush the rose new blown;
The brightest lily boasts less glitt'ring light,
Plac'd near thy bosom grac'd with purest white;
The fair carnation yields a scent beneath
Th' ambrosial incense of thy balmy breath:
What beauty then can with this nymph compare,
Since she outvies the rose and lily fair?
But ah! how soon these gaudy flow'rs decay,
Alas! the lustre of one shining day
Shall see this nosegay's splendors all decline,
The roses wither and the lilies pine:-
Then check thy pride, think on the garland's fate-
Ten thousand deaths thy lovely image wait.
27 Sep 1777- SHIPPING:
20 Sep- Peggy & Molly, Donaldson, Dumfries; Eagle Packet, Maxwell, Isleman; Industry, Broadfoot, Whithorn; Assistance, Farish; Nelly, Woodburn, Dublin; Senhouse, Watson, Belfast
21 Sep- John & Peter, Clair, Harrington; Peter, Whailey, Duddon; Betsy, Armstrong; Joanna, Fisher; Molly, Caffrey; Rose, Harrison, Dublin; Mayflower, Jackson, Lancaster; Mary & Betty, Boadle, Waterford
22 Sep- John & Mary, Mason; Sedgwick, Welch; Cumberland, Fleming; Ledger, Hodgson; William, Pennyman; Edentown, Casson; Olive Branch, Angus, Dublin; Wolfe, Howard, Isleman; Jane, Stitt, Water Orr; Jane & Sally, Nelson, Whithorn; Mally, Douglas, Wigton
23 Sep- Betty, Hannah; James, Gowan; Hannah, McCreedy; Jenny, Stewart, Wigton
24 Sep- Dove, Dargue; Danson, Pearson; Isabella, Fisher; Fox, Salkeld; Richmond, Smithson; Westmorland, Allison; Dash, Corkhill; Molly & Peggy, Walker; Bella, Steele; Endeavour, Moor; Catharine, Williams, Dublin; Musgrave, Sibson, Waterford; Martin, Birket, Cork; Adventure, Bell, Isleman
25 Sep- William, Thompson; Truelove, Littledale, Dublin; Seaflower, Gibbins, Rush; Thomas & Robert, Mevity, Barbadoes
21 Sep- Seahorse, Kirkpatrick, Dumfried; Blessing, Curwen; Prosperous, Thompson; Williamson, Phillipson, Dublin
24 Sep- Peggy & Molly, Donaldson, Dumfries; Jane, Stitt, Water Orr
26 Sep- Eagle Packet, Maxwell, Isleman
19 Sep- Mermaid, Ruth, Chester
20 Sep- William, Hudson; Commerce, Burrel, Dublin; Dorset, Allison, Ardnemurthan
21 Sep- Triton, Marshall, Drogheda; Three Brothers, Lawrence, Ardnemurthan; Dove, Hargrove, Dundalk; Truelove, Curwen; Concord, Wilson, Dublin; Union, Wiley, Ulverstone
22 Sep- Blessing, Course, Drogheda; Industry, Hayston, Balbriggan; Ann, Marshall, Dundalk; Unity, Westray; Speedwell, Lawrence; Nancy, Davis; Mary, Barnes, Dublin; Lark, Armstrong, Rush; Mally, Jackson, Drogheda
23 Sep- Rose, Steel, Carlisle; Lowther, Lawrence, Kinsale
24 Sep- Vigilant, Wilson; Blyth Ann, Atkinson, Belfast; Henry, Bell, Drogheda; Happy Return, Sparks, Dundalk; Hawk, Smith, Dublin
25 Sep- Bellona, Kelsick; Martin, Bowes, Cork
19 Sep- Resolution, Skelton, Dublin
20 Sep- Henry, Clark; Bolton, Scott, Dublin
21 Sep- Lark, Tully; Bella, Tyrill; Chedwick, Burrow, Dublin
HIGH WATER AT WHITEHAVEN, 28 Sep to 4 Oct:
Sun, 08.18am, 08.41pm
Mon, 09.04am, 09.25pm
Tue, 09.47am, 10.49pm [sic]
Wed, 10.26am, 10.06pm [sic]
Thu, 11.12am, 11.32pm
Fri, 11.53am, 12.07pm, clock slow 11m
Sat, 12.14am, 12.35pm
4 Oct 1777:
As in previous issues:
Mr Harrington's furniture for sale
Farm at Blennerhasset to let
Green Close farm to let
The Specific Drops (sold by A. Coutts)
Pilula Leydenensis (sold by A. Coutts)
Skelton & Co. Lottery agents
William Alexander, Lottery agent
[Warning to journeymen masons]
[Nicholson & Co's State Lottery Office, London]
Skelton & Co. Cumberland Register Office [as previously, but with addition:] "Wanted at the above Office. Several Sums of Money, on Bond or other Securities. An Apprentice to a Surgeon.- A Footman, that can be well recommended, to serve a Gentleman."
Wanted immediately: apprentice to the millinery business. Apply to the Chronicle office.
Enlarged advert for stationery & books from A. Coutts, Whitehaven, with note "An Apprentice is wanted for the BOOKBINDING BUSINESS. Apply to the Printer of this Paper."
4 Oct 1777- NEWS:
"We are informed, that Mr. John Keay, attorney at law, in Carlisle, is appointed by the Vice Chancellor of the County Palatine of Lancaster to take and swear affidavits concerning causes now depending, or hereafter to be brought, for the recovery of debts or otherwise. As no person can be arrested, or held to bail in that county, by process issued out of any other court for a less sum than 20£ This appointment will be a great convenience to such as live in Scotland, or in the northern parts of England, and want to recover debts in any part of the county of Lancaster, as they may now have an opportunity of proceeding expeditiously for any sum, without travelling any further than Carlisle."
Last Thu night "there was a very great inundation in the parish of Lamplugh, supposed to have been occasioned by the bursting of a water-spout, which swelled the rivulets so much that several bridges were broke down, large banks of land removed and thrown upon places where the water was never known to reach before, and the roads rendered utterly impassable, in many parts, for man or horse."
"We hear that the new set of bells, six in number, lately purchased by the inhabitants of Cockermouth, were rung this morning, for the first time; they gave great satisfaction, and are allowed to be the best in this county- the ringers came from Keswick."
Capt. Deane, son of Joseph Deane Esq., of Whitehaven, has been appointed to command HMS Ruby (64 guns).
Last night: as some young men were boarding the Ann (Capt. Briggs) in Whitehaven harbour, one, Jonathan Barnes, fell of the Quay and was drowned; "his comrades tried every means in their power to catch hold of him, but without effect- his body was found this morning."
Whitehaven: "The celebrated Dr. De Conty, after having restored several blind people to sight in this town, is gone to Brough, in Westmorland, at the request of several patients."
Whitehaven: Mr. Melmoth (author of the "Pupil of Pleasure" etc.) "who delivered lectures on elocution &c. some time ago, at the Theatre in this town" has reportedly been writing in Paris for the past few months.
The Earl of Errol (the sometime Mercer; Capt. Hutchinson) has arrived at London.
Last Tue: a servant of Mr John Smith at Demesnes, near Whitehaven was taking a cart to the field for a load of corn when the horse took fright and threw him off. He broke his thigh "but is now in a fair way of recovery."
Last Mon evening, two well dressed "young sharpers" went to the house of "a poor laborious woman" in Whitehaven who sells tarts, queen-cakes etc. As one asked her for a pennworth of sugar, the other, behind her back, stole a pewter dish of tarts, worth about 4/0. When she turned round, she exclaimed "Some body has run away with my dish and tarts", upon which the sugar customer exclaimed "I will pursue the villain", and ran out of the door with his sugar, not paid for. She has seen neither of them since, but a gentleman found her dish lying in the street, and, having heard of the robbery, sent it back to her. "Though the persons who committed the above action might do it for what is called fun, yet the ought to reflect that their fun occasioned a real loss to the poor woman- such should not forget, that he who steals to the amount of thirteen pence is, by the laws of this country, 'destined to the cord'."
"Last week some villains entered the parish church of Distington, undiscovered, and stole from thence the pall and a surplice- as none of the windows nor doors of the church appear to have been forced, it is conjectured the sacrilege was committed on Sunday shortly after the doors were opened."
Last Sat, at St. James's Church, Whitehaven: Mr John Harrison, mariner, & Mrs Gibson of Parton.
Last week at Ennerdale: Mr Jonathan Simpson & Miss Ruth Jenkinson, both of Ennerdale.
Last Mon, in Whitehaven: Mr Sanuel Abbot, cork-cutter, & Miss Mary Gibbons, daughter of Capt. Thomas Gibbons of Duke Street.
Last Mon at Workington, Miss Jane Kay, daughter of Capt. John Kay of Workington, "after a tedious illness which she bore with true christian fortitude. She was interred at Workington church on Wed, "when an excellent sermon, suited to the occasion, was preached by the Rev. Mr. Addison."
Last week, in her 74th year: Mrs Bateman, widow of the late Mr Bateman of Strand Street, Whitehaven.
"The friendly admonition sent us by Miss ___ of ___ is come to hand, and her request will be complied with- we cannot discharge this article without returning our thanks for the hint, and as we acknowledge our transgression, we doubt not but we shall be forgive."
On the revival of drowned persons, by "One of the Faculty" [place not given, but addressed to the Chronicle] based on a recent address by "The ingenious Mr. HAWES".
[Mr W. Hawes had sent a essay on revival of the apparently dead to newspapers, which was published in the 13 Sep edition of the Chronicle]
"On the CURE of SMUTS in WHEAT" by Robert Sewell of Castlesowerby:
"VARIOUS have been the conjectures relative to the smut in wheat, but none ever appeared satisfactory to me, excepting that of the smuts being infectious; and, with an intent to ascertain the truth, I tried the following experiment, viz. I took a quantity of very smutty wheat, and immersed it in a tub full of water, then poured off the water, and the smuts and the filth with it. This I repeated several times (and always took care to stir it well) till I had made it as clean as possible. I then put lime water on it and rubbed it therein a considerable time; when done, I put the wheat into baskets and washed it in a stream of water, till the water ran clear from it. Then out of the wheat, thus prepared, I took a quantity and rubbed in smuts, which I had purposely reserved, until it was nigh black. I then took both parcels and sowed them in the same field, on land equally prepared, and when they came into the ear, that intended to be clear had no smuts in it, and the other had not one ear in twenty of sound grain. This experiment I have tried several years, and have always had the same success; and, if any of your readers think proper to try the like experiment, there is not a doubt but they will meet with the like success. Perhaps some may think the operation so laborious, that the cure is worse than the disease; but, notwithstanding that, they will have the satisfaction to know the cure for smuts. But why, or from whence this infection proceeds, I cannot pretend to determine, but I imagine the grain to be vitiated at sprouting.
Some connoisseurs have supposed that land manured with dung, is more subject to smuts than land managed with lime only, which perhaps is true, but I do not think that the infection can proceed from the manure itself, but rather that it proceeds from the smuts in some former crop, and lies lurking in the dung ready to infect such grains as fall amongst it. There is indeed one objection may be made, that seems to baffle all demonstration, relative to the cause of smuts, which is, that we often find an ear of wheat with a part of it smuts, and the remainder sound grain. But this objection will be obviated, if we admit of different degrees of infection; for, from thence, it may be supposed that such grains have not been so virulently infected as some others. These reasons assigned to be the causes, how, when, in what manner, and to what degree the grain may be infected, are only conjecture; but that the smuts are infectious, and may be cured as above related, is a truth that may be demonstrated beyond all doubt."
"Fata manent omnes-" by J.R. of Uldale [continuing last week's theme]:
On beauty's fragile state let none depend,
For youth and pleasure, age and sorrow end;
All press alike, to that same goal, the grave-
Where lie confus'd, the poor, the base, the brave.
Thro' unknown paths, thro' different tracts we roam,
However plac'd, the grave's our certain home.
Where can we find, I say, where is the name,
To which all killing Death puts not a claim?
We think in youth, perhaps all bliss secure-
And gold, for ev'ry ill, a certain cure,
Fame, titles, honours next we strive to meet-
When found we think them bliss, ourselves complete
In happiness. But sure, alas! these toys decay,
Like other things- grim Death takes all away.
Life, at its utmost length is but a blast,
And all our joys like fleeting sunshines past.
Let's learn that Virtue 'gainst decay can arm,
And even lend Mortalty a charm,
Can ease the heart, and make all trouble still,
When time shall cease to be, and Death to kill.
4 Oct 1777- SHIPPING:
27 Sep- Nancy, Spedding, Workington; Aurora, Jones, Carlisle
28 Sep- Jenny & Betty, Bell, Carlisle; Robert, Lowden; Peggy & Mally, Donaldson; Diligence, Goldey, Dumfries; William & Betty, Lewsi, Tinmouth; Sincerity, Londill, Carlisle
29 Sep- Hussar, Gurley, Seas; Eagle Packet, Maxwell, Isleman
30 Sep- Rowell, Huddlestone; William & Thomas, Piper; Ann, Briggs; Betsy, Latimer; Brothers, Tindall, Dublin; Kitty, Jones, Duddon; Lyon, James, Fishguard; Good Intent, Matthers, Chester
1 Oct- Curwen, Younghusband, Dublin
2 Oct- Tanner, Hamilton, Isleman; Bolton, Watson; Dallontower, Fell; Industry, Atkinson; Resolution, Banks; Rupert, Braithwaite, Dublin; Ann & Mary, Cullon, Wexford; James, Brownrigg; Assistance, Hutchinson, Liverpool; Prince Frederick, Sawer, Annan; Mary, Doyle, Wexford; Hawke, Hannah, Whithorn
26 Sep- Eagle Packet, Maxwell, Isleman; Industry, Broadfoot, Whithorn; Venus, Kirk, Kirkcudbright; Jenny, McGowen, Wigton
27 Sep- Hope, Perry, New York; Howgill, McDonald; Juno, Jackson; Mally, Caffrey; Commerce, Robinson; Betsy, Younghusband; Love, Machell, Dublin; Wolfe, Howard, Isleman; Mary-Ann, Carlisle, Carlisle
28 Sep- Content, Woodall; John & Mary, Mayson; Nelly, Woodburn; Betty, Wood; Orange, Losh; Lark, Anderson; James & Thomas, Benn; Patience, Moot; Prosperity, Piper, Dublin; Fanny, Brown, Chester
29 Sep- Mary & Betty, Boadle, Waterford; Jenny & Betty, Bell, Carlisle
1 Oct- Peggy & Mally, Donaldson, Dumfries
2 Oct- Diligence, Goldey, Dumfries
3 Oct- Nancy, Spedding, Workington
29 Sep- Industry, Key, Skinburness; Jane, McGee, Dumfries
30 Sep- Success, Barnes, Newry; Boyne, Collart, Dublin
2 Oct- Friends, Fearon, Belfast
3 Oct- Gale, Temple, Portaferry; James, Key, Dundalk
29 Sep- Endeavour, Atkinson, Dundalk
30 Sep- Diligence, Thompson, Dublin; Rose, Fearon, Cork; Jane, McKellop; Providence, Brown, Dumfries
28 Sep- Leaven, Saterthwaite, Dumfries; Duchess, Aiken, Ulverstone
30 Sep- Farmer, Stockdale, Dublin
2 Oct- Seaflower, Robinson, Dublin; George, Clark, Drogheda
28 Sep- Speedwell, Jackson, Dublin
29 Sep- Mermaid, Ruth; Mally, Robinson; Dove, Hargrove; Triton, Thompson; Blessing, Course, Dublin
30 Sep- Peggy, Bowes, Carlisle; Jane, Peile, Dublin
1 Oct- Unity, Westray; Liberty, Yoward, Dublin
HIGH WATER AT WHITEHAVEN, 5 Oct to 11 Oct:
Sun, 12.57am, 01.19pm
Mon, 01.42am, 01.25pm [sic]
Tue, 02.28am, 02.52pm, clock slow 11m
Wed, 03.17am, 03.42pm
Thu, 04.07am, 04.33pm
Fri, 04.59am, 05.25pm
Sat, 05.52am, 06.19pm
11 Oct 1777:
As in previous issues:
Farm at Blennerhasset
William Alexander, lottery agency
Skelton & Co., lottery agency
Specific Drops (sold by A. Coutts)
[Richardson & Goodluck Lottery Office]
[History of England partwork]
[Warning to journeymen masons]
Cumberland Rgister Office ("Wanted" as last week; but added this week is "To be lent, the Sums of 700£ 400£ and 300£ on Freehold Security")
For sale by Dixon & Littledale, Whitehaven, "a Choice Cargo of Barbadoes Scale Sugars" plus Barbadoes cotton & mahogany (planks & logs), all just imported in the brigantine Triton. Dated Oct 11.
For sale by auction at the Cross Keys (Mrs Singleton's) in Whitehaven, 18 Oct, "The good Brig JANE" (late Master, William Hayton)- Ulverstone built, c150 tons burthen, "takes the Ground and sails well, draws when loaden only Nine Feet and an half Water". 20 guineas payable in hand, the rest and 3 & 6 months, subject to satisfactory security. Dated 9 Oct.
The second meeting of the Egremont Inclosure Commissioners will be held at the King's Arms (John Benson's) in Egremont, 21 Oct, 9am-6pm. Any claims not made by the end of this second meeting will be excluded. Signed Robert Wilkinson, John Sterle, John Hodgkin, 6 Oct 1777.
- "The following genuine Medicines &c. are sold by A. COUTTS (Successor to J. DUNN)"... [N.B. all are described and priced, though the prices tend to be for "a bottle", or "a packet"]
- I. TURLINGTON's original Balsam of Life
- II. Maredant's Drops
- III. Stoughton's Cordial Elixir
- IV. Dr. Bradgat's oleaginous and specific Balsam
- V. Spilsbury's Antiscorbutic Drops, with improvements
- VI. Dr. James's Powder
- VII. Hooper's Female Pills
- VIII. The famous Worm Medicine first given by Dr. Horsley, late of Cockermouth, and now prepared by Dr. Horsley, of London, to whom he left the original receipt.
- IX. The original Panacea
- X. Royal liquid of Roses (by Monsieur Caperon)
- XI. The new invented CAKE-INK (by Sarah Smith and Son)
- XII. Cakes for making Shining Liquid Blacking (by Mr. Bayley)
- Various other medicines, inks and cleaning chemicals also listed, without details.
- "N.B. Any of the above medicines, &c. may be had by applying to the Distributors, or Carriers, of this paper."
[Fuller & Morris State Lottery office, London]
11 Oct 1777- NEWS:
Last Sat, a piece of timber in the chimney of the brewhouse at the White Lion (Isaac Parker's) in English Street, Carlisle, caught fire and in turn set alight some peats or turf in the adjoining room before it was noticed. "The brewhouse, stable, and hay-loft, with a large quantity of hay, were consumed; a bakehouise and two dwelling-houses, covered with thatch, were much damaged, before the fire could be got under. Happily no lives were lost, nor any thing worth notice missing."
Whitehaven: "Captain Martindale of the Triton, who arrived here last Monday from Barbadoes, says, that he met with more violent storm of wind, on his passage from thence, than he ever remembered being in before- several vessels, of the fleet, being dismasted and some sunk."
Whitehaven: "Yesterday a boy belonging to the George, in this port, fell from her quarter and was much bruised, but is in a fair way of recovery."
Extract of a letter from a clergyman in Barbadoes, to a friend near Whitehaven, dated 17 Jul 1777:
"I am sorry to mix any thing disagreeable, but cannot conclude this hasty scrawl, without telling you that this little spot is almost ruined, by a long continued drought- we should not have felt our separation from America, in any great degree, had not this been the case, but now, if a kind Providence does not relieve us, famine must ensue- may God avert the judgment!"
Last Thu, the Golden Rule (Thompson) and the Minerva (Richardson) arrived in Whitehaven from Memel, after a voyage with the fleet in convoy from Elsinore, which departed on 22 Sep.
The Whitehaven vessels John & Mary (Mason) and the James & Thomas (Benn) are stranded, with three others, in Dundrum Bay, to the north of Carlingford.
4 Oct: The Whitehaven ship Monarch (Capt. Hall) arrived at Cork with several other transports, after a 34-day passage from New York. Capt. Hall brought the New York Gazette of 25 Aug [from which the Chronicle prints various extracts] and writes himself that as he left New York it was being reported that General Howe's army were in Chesapeak Bay.
Capt. John Eilbeck of Whitehaven, who had resided for many years in America, came from New York to Cork as a passenger in the Monarch, and has now returned here.
Last Mon, Mr Jeremiah Whirlings was elected Mayor of Carlisle.
"Advice to AMATOR concerning his Fair One" by "W" of Abbey [presumably Abbey Town. NB The "fair one" of the title is identified only as F____y].
"The CONTEST" [between Beauty, Wit, and Good-Nature] by "J.R." of Whittrigg. [Whitrigg near Uldale??]
11 Oct 1777- NO SHIPPING REPORTS
HIGH WATER AT WHITEHAVEN, 12 Oct to 18 Oct:
Sun, 06.45am, 07.12pm
Mon, 07.38am, 08.05pm
Tue, 08.31am, 08.58pm, clock slow 14m
Wed, 09.24am, 09.51pm
Thu, 10.18am, 10.46pm
Fri, 11.13am, 11.41pm
Sat, 12.07am, 12.10pm
18 Oct 1777:
As in previous issues:
Sugar etc. imported on Triton
Skelton & Co. Lottery agency
William Alexander lottery agency
"Specific Drops", sold by A. Coutts
Dr Boerhaave's Leyden Pills, sold by A. Coutts
[Fuller & Morris Lottery Office, London]
[Nicholson & Co. Lottery Office, London]
[History of England partwork]
Cumberland Register Office [wants + money to lend as previous. Added this week: "A young man, who can be well recommended, wants to be employed as a Curate or a Schoolmaster."
Revised list of books & stationery sold by A. Coutts of Whitehaven.
An elderly Person wanted against Martinmas,
To go into the Country for a single Gentleman, who being very much from Home, requires a Person who can bear Confinement, and to be very attentive to the House and Furniture committed to her Care; any one whom this may suit, that can bring a proper Character from her last Place, respecting her Honesty and Discretion, will meet with proper Encouragement by applying to the Printer hereof."
For sale, sugar, wine etc. imported by Fletchers & Co. of Whitehaven from Madeira and Grenada in the brig Beaver (Joseph Dickenson). Includes "Muscovada Sugars for the Scale, MADEIRA WINE, of the best Quality, in Hogsheads and Quarter Casks; also a Quantity of Fourteen Feet, Seven Feet, and Four Feet LOGS, from the Baltic, fit for Joyners and Coopers; with Hogshead and Barrel STAVES, and about Seven Hundred Barrels of WHITE HERRINGS".
"N.B. The above Vessel, Burthen Seventy Tons or thereabouts, is to be disposed of by Private Contract. Apply to FLETCHERS, & Co. who want an Apprentice to the Cooper's Business."
For sale by auction, 21 Oct, at the Golden Globe, King Street, Whitehaven (Mrs Walker's), the brigantine Ann & Frances (master, Henry Booth), now lying in Whitehaven. Burthen c150 tons, draws 12ft of water when fully laden, "is well found and a swift Sailer". 20 guineas payable in hand, the rest at 3 & 6 months from sale. Inventory of materials available on board, or at the Golden Globe. Dated Whitehaven, 8 Oct.
"Gone from her Friends,
AND left WORKINGTON, on Sunday morning the 12th instant, without acquainting any Person where she was going, and has not since been heard of, a young Woman named MARY SMITH; had on, when she went away, a dark coloured stamped Cotton Gown, a black Silk Hat, a light drab coloured quilted Petticoat, and took a Bundle of Cloaths with her; is about Thirty Years of Age, middle sized, well made, and of a fresh Complexion.
Whoever can give any Account of her to her Uncle THOMAS CALVERT, of Workington, shall be handsomely rewarded; or if she will return Home again to her Friends, she may depend on finding every Thing made agreeable, to her utmost Wishes." Dated Workington, 17 Oct.
18 Oct 1777- NEWS:
Whitehaven: The Wells (Captain Collins) arrived here from Petersburgh today.
The Ruby (Captain Dalrymple), bound for Lancaster from Jamaica under convoy with HMS Druid and HMS Weazel, has been "totally lost" on the Isle of Walney, but the crew have been saved.
The Whitehaven vessel Brothers (Captain Falcon) is on shore 2 miles N.E. of Rhew Head in the Sound of Mull.
The Whitehaven vessel Neptune (Captain Hudson) has arrived at London from the Mosquito Shore.
(Whitehaven): "The following extraordinary circumstance, may be depended on. A vessel belonging to this port being engaged with a lee shore, on the passage to Norway this season, and having a headland to weather, found every attempt to clear it fruitless- preparations were then made, and orders actually given, to run the ship ashore, at a place most likely to save the lives of the crew. Whilst they were standing in shore for that purpose, and expecting ever moment to feel the vessel strike, the wind instantly changed, and blew off shore, which fortunate and unexpected incident saved the vessel, and probably the lives of all the people."
The Bishop of Carlisle has collated the Rev Mr Lushington as Prebend in Carlisle Cathedral, vacant by the death of the Rev Mr Waugh.
Last Thu, Whitehaven: Margaret Laidley was whipped at the Market Cross for theft, as ordered by the Quarter Sessions at Penrith on 8 Oct. "The novelty of a scene of this kind here, drew together several hundreds of people, who expressed their approbation of so public an example being made of such a notorious offender, she having been no less than eight different times in custody, in the course of a few years."
Last week at Gretna Green: Mr William Rowlands of Rosley & Miss Scurr of Wellfoot in Castlesowerby, "an agreeable young Lady with a handsome fortune."
Last Sat, at Castlesowerby, by the Rev Mr Denton, Mr Joseph Relph of Southeramby & Miss Hewer of Moordike "a handsome young Lady, with a genteel fortune."
Last week, at St. Ann's, Soho, London: Mr John Rumney, merchant of Whitehaven, & Miss Bacchen of Dean Street, Soho.
Last Mon at Torpenhow Church: Robert Watters Esq., High Sheriff of Cumberland, & Miss Wilson, daughter of the Rev Dr Wilson, Dean of St. Mary's, Carlisle.
Lately at Wigton "after a long and painful illness which she bore with great patience": Mrs Sanderson, wife of Mr John Sanderson, merchant of Wigton.
"The lines on Contentment- TO BELMOUR, on his denying being in Love, in our Next. Vanity, &c. and the Essay on Friendship, are received and under consideration."
From Will. Steel Dickson [place not given]:
"OF all the various methods I have tried for the cure of smuts in wheat, pickle has succeeded in the most satisfactory manner. * I prepared, with it, seed for seven acres; in the crop of which, last season, there was not one stalk of smut. In this, however, the influence of the pickle might be doubted, as the seed was entirely pure. In order, therefore, to ascertain the matter, I took six quarts of old wheat, so much infected, that upon rubbing a small quantity betwixt the hands, it left them quite black. Two quarts I sowed without any preparation, this season, a third part of the produce of which was smut. Two quarts I kept in pickle forty-eight hours; the produce of them was quite pure. The remaining two quarts I kept in a close vessel, in which was a sulphur candle burning, for the same time: the effect of this experiment was, that not one grain of these two quarts ever grew. From this it appears, that the smoke of sulphur is as fatal to vegetable, as to animal life.
* This Pickle is made of salt and water, so strong that an egg will swim in it. The wheat to remain in pickle two days; then to be spread out on a floor, and mixed with dry stacked lime, till the whole is coated over."
"On M. W_____R" by Anon. of Ireby [M.W. is named in the poem as "Mally"]
18 Oct 1777- SHIPPING:
11 Oct- William, Curmate, Isleman
12 Oct- Jenny & Betty, Bell; Jackson, Sharp, Carlisle; Brayton, Harrison, Petersburgh; Nancy, Spedding, Workington; Peggy, Michael, Kirkcudbright
13 Oct- Commerce, Robinson; Betsy, Younghusband; Howgill, McDonald; Betsy, Yowart; Williamson, Phillipson; Orange, Losh, Dublin; Beaver, Dickinson, Grenades; Martha, Hutchinson, Petersburgh
11 Oct- Kitty, Jones; Sedgwick, Welch; Olive Branch, Angus; Peggy, Ramsey; William, Pennyman, Dublin; Swallow, Boaden, Duddon; Sincerity, Londill, Preston; Mary, Doyle, Wexford; John & Peter, Clair, Liverpool; Lyon, James; Thomas, Carrel; Mally, Caffrey, Dublin; Thomas & Robert, Mcvite, Lancaster; William & Betsy, Lewis, Duddon; Mary, Davis, Wexford
13 Oct- Rose, Harrison; Laurel, Stuart; Joanna, Fisher; Boyne, Coulthard; Three Brothers, Tindell; Betty, Wood; Lark, Anderson; Thomas, Westray; Mally, Messenger; Ratcliffe, Hodgson; Echo, Ellison; Robert, Moor; Cumberland, Fleming; Friends Adventure, Stitt; Ledger, Hodgson; Seaflower, Gibbins; Powell, Huddlestone, Dublin; Assistance, Hutchinson, Sligo; Linnet, Higgs; Eagle Packet, Maxwell, Isleman
14 Oct- Assistance, Farish; Hector, Pearson; Success, Nelson; Truelove, Littledale; John & Thomas, Yowart; Catharine, Bratney; Isabella, Fisher; Industry, Cragg; Benn, McMellon; William, Thompson; Fox, Salkeld; Bolton, Watson; Betsy, Armstrong; Dash, Corkhill; Westmorland, Ellison; Dove, Dargue; Musgrave, Sibson; Bella, Steele; Betty, Palmer; Ann, Briggs; Garland, Piper; William & Thomas, Piper; Resolution, Banks; Curwen, Sowerby; Brittannia, Bowman; Lowther & Senhouse, Hinde; King George, Stobridge; Ruby, Blakeney, Dublin; Brothers, Lindsey, Newry; Adventure, Knail, Isleman
15 Oct- Vigilant, Williamson; Friendship, Pearson; Rupert, Braithwaite; James & Ann, Peele; Senhouse, Watson, Dublin
13 Oct- Success, Harris, Dublin; Seaflower, Slater, Drogheda
14 Oct- Pleasant, Dickinson, Dublin
MARYPORT [NB: no hyphen]
16 Oct- Content, Bouch, Sarkfoot
17 Oct- Tryal, Holiday, Dumfries; Agnes & Betty, Bell, Lancaster
13 Oct- Ranger, Graham, Wigton; Forrester, Turner; friends Goodwill, Fawcet; Duke, Fletcher; Morning Star, Messenger; Tryal, Nelson; Royal Oak, Gibson, Dublin
14 Oct- Cookson, Robinson; Hope, Inman; Mary, Waite; Sally, Bell; Welcome, Osborn; Friendship, Lister; Thomas, Barton; Nelson, Baylis, Dublin; Nancy, John, Liverpool
15 Oct- Mary & Betty, Thornburn; Kirkham, Bone; Friends, Harris; Tindale, Potts, Dublin
16 Oct- Rachel & Mary, Smith, Dublin
HIGH WATER AT WHITEHAVEN, 19 Oct to 25 Oct:
Sun, 12.39am, 01.08pm
Mon, 01.39am, 02.08pm
Tue, 02.38am, 03.07pm
Wed, 03.37am, 04.05pm, clock slow 15m
Thu, 04.33am, 05.00pm
Fri, 05.27am, 05.52pm
Sat, 06.17am, 06.40pm
25 Oct 1777:
As in previous issues:
Elderly housekeeper wanted
Sugar, wine etc. imported in brig Beaver
Sugar etc. imported in brigantine Triton
Dr Boerhaave's Leyden Pills sold by A. Coutts
William Alexander lottery agency
Skelton & Co. Lottery agency
[Fuller & Morris lottery office]
[King & Co. lottery office]
"WANTED immediately, a large Quantity of Bees Wax, of the very best Quality." Contact the printer of the Chronicle- "who also wants an Apprentice to the Book-Binding Business."
Wanted immediately: apprentice to the millinery business. Apply to the Chronicle office.
For sale by auction at the King's Arms, Whitehaven (John Buck's), 4 Dec, 4-10pm (unless sold previously by private contract, of which notice will be given): freehold estate in Arlecdon called Scale Lands (together or in parcels), c40 acres "good Arable, Meadow, and Pasture Ground, well watered and fenced, with a very good Dwelling-House, Barn, Stables and other Out-Offices, in good Repair.
The Situation is remarkably pleasant, upon the River End, a little above Wath" ... "very nigh Lime and Coal; with an extensive right on Frizington and Dint Commons, the former adjoining the Estate."
Further details from Mr James Robertson, Workington, or John Yates, the present farmer (tenant at will), who will show the premises. "N.B. A Plan of the Estate is left at Mr. BUCK'S."
To let: farm called Black Houses and Guards, at Kirkandrews on Esk, including c375 acres of arable, meadow, pasture & marsh. Possession of grounds available at Candlemas, houses at Whitsuntide. Enquiries to Thomas James of Penrith; John Carruthers, the present farmer, will show the premises.
To let by auction, by Andrew Huddleston & Roger Williamson Esqs., at the house of Ferdinando Johnston, Cockbridge, 21 Nov: farm at Blennerhasset, in Torpenhow parish, now occupied by John Jackson as tenant. Includes 2 dwelling houses, 3 barns, 2 byers, 2 stables, several other "convenient Out-Buildings", c175 acres of "very good Arable, Meadow and Pasture Land, well watered and fenced, and in very good condition". If desired, may be split into two: house, barn, byer, stable, outbuildings & 97 acres of land, + house, barn, byer, stable, ouitbuildings & 74 acres of land. Entry at Old Candlemas next. The farms are also "only a little Distance from either Lime or Coal, and have Plenty of Hedgeboot, in or near the said Premises for making of Hedges."
"And at the same Time and Place will be Let, the CORN TYTHES of the Manor, or Township of Blennerhasset aforesaid, and also a large Tythe Barn therewith, in very good repair."
To view, contact John Jackson, Joseph Atkinson of Blennerhasset, or Mr Wilson Wood, attorney of Whitehall. Bids in writing should be delivered to Mr Huddleston or Mr Williamson at the place aforesaid, between 3 and 5pm.
These premises were previously advertised to be let on 16 Oct at Cockbridge, "where Attendance was given for the Purpose, but from a false and invidious Report industriously spread abroad by some ill-designing Person, that the Premises were already Let and Disposed of, no Persons attended to take the same.
*** The Public are therefore desired to take Notice that the Premises will peremptorily be let on the said 21st of November, and that no private Contract or Treaty will be entered into for the same in the mean Time."
To be published in the next few days: "THE NORTHUMBERLAND, CUMBERLAND, WESTMORLAND and DURHAM SHEET ALMANACK For the Year 1778", including holidays, phases of the moon, lists of important persons (including MPs for the four counties), list of fairs, high water times at northern ports, including Mary-Port, Workington, Whitehaven, Ravenglass, Firth & Cartmel. Published by T. Carnan, London.
New edition of the works of Flavius Josephus, in weekly parts by Fieding & Walker of London, sold in Whitehaven by A. Coutts.
Dr Freeman's "Fothergel's Drops" ("Grand Restorer of Human Nature") sold locally by A. Coutts and his news carriers
[Richardson & Goodluck lottery office, London]
[John Sharman's lottery office, London]
25 Oct 1777- NEWS:
15 Oct, at Lanton (c2 miles from Appleby): about 4am, "a stack of hay, which had been badly got, was discovered to be on fire". Most of it (worth c100 guineas) was burned up, with 5 stacks of corn, a stack of straw, and "a large out-barn full of wheat, clover, rye, and oats in sacks" (worth c600 guineas)- property of Mr Christopher Harrison of Appleby. "The flames raged with great violence, and enlightened the hemisphere to such a degree, that the people in the neighbouring villages, assembled in great numbers, by six o'clock, and by their assiduity and timely assistance eleven stacks of corn, which stood on the windward side of the barn, belonging also to the said Mr. Harrison, were fortunately saved."
Austin & Whitlock's theatre company, after a final performance at Chester on 17 Nov, will open the Theatre in Whitehaven on 24 Nov; "their stay will be but short, as they intend being at Newcastle about the beginning of February.- From the very great encouragement Messrs. Austin and Whitlock have experience at Chester, and the distinguished approbation conferred on the performance of the Company in general, by the first Theatrical Judge of the age, it may reasonably be inferred, that the Ladies and Gentlemen of this place will be highly entertained this winter."
Whitehaven: "Last night Mr. Jackson, Dancing-Master, had his ball at the Assembly Room, in Howgill-street, where his Pupils performed the minuet, cotillon, coiuntry dance &c. with a degree of propriety that did him great credit, and to the intire satisfaction of a crowded Assembly."
"Thursday sennight, the Rev. Dr. Lushington had the honour to kiss the King's hand, on being appointed Prebend of the Cathedral at Carlisle."
"TO BELMOUR, ON HIS DENYING BEING IN LOVE" by Anon. of Carlisle [The lady in question is named Eliza]
A poem on contentment, by J.R. of Uldale.
25 Oct 1777- SHIPPING:
15 Oct- Friends, Fearon, Highlands
16 Oct- Providence, Evans; Tryal, Briggs, Carlisle; Mayflower, Barnes, Lancaster
18 Oct- Eagle Packet, Maxwell, Isleman; Wells, Collin, Petersburgh
19 Oct- Hopewell, Sherwin, Riga; William, Curmate, Isleman; Boscowen, Smith, Liverpool; Patience, Moor, Dublin
20 Oct- Betty, Whitehead, Duddon; Saltom, Dawson, Waterford; Hannah, Bell, Liverpool; Love, Machel; Prosperity, Piper, Dublin; Fanny, Brown, Chester; Littledale, Kelsick, Petersburgh
25 [sic] Oct- Eagle Packet, Maxwell; Linnet, Higgs, Isleman; Hussar, Graham, Seas; Mary, Reed, Waterford
24 [sic] Oct- Peter, Barwise, Liverpool; Content, Woodall; Boyne, Coulthard; Lark, Anderson; Peggy, Ramsey; Thomas, Carrel; Joanna, Fisher; Betsy, Armstrong; Seaflower, Gibbins; Mally, Caffrey; Betty, Wood; Seaflower, Slater; Prosperous, Thompson; Rose, Harrison; Ledger, Hodgson; Olive Branch, Angus, Dublin; Felicity, Monkhouse, Sligo; Mally, Douglas, Wigton; Success, Nelson, Kirkcudbright; William, Pennyman, Rush; James & Thomas, Benn; John & Mary, Mayson, Strangford; Industry, Henry; Open Boat, Young; Pitt, Sail, Isleman; Ann, Davis, Newry; John & Bella, Priestman, Limerick; Seaflower, Wilson, Petersburgh
15 Oct- Ann & Mary, Cullon, Wexford
16 Oct- Swan, Bacon; Juno, Jackson; William & Mary, Moor, Dublin; Granville, Williams, Newry
17 Oct- Howgill, McDonald, Parton; Nancy, Spedding, Workington
18 Oct- Peace, Ritson; Chriswell, Johnson, Dublin; James, Brownrigg, Liverpool
19 Oct- Jenny & Betty, Bell; Open Boat, Hill, Flimby, Mokinson, Skinburness; Richmond, Smithson; Wilson, Benson; Minerva, Jackson; Hannah, Mossop, Dublin; Friends, Fearon, Maryport
20 Oct- Peggy, Bowes, Carlisle; Eagle Packet, Maxwell, Isleman; Lively, Watts, Dublin
21 Oct- William & Mary, Cannon; Ann, Thompson; Dallontower, Fell; Kitty, Fisher, Dublin; Mayflower, Barnes, Carlisle; Tryal, Briggs, Dumfries; Providence, Evans, Beaumoris
22 Oct- Rigby, Sheperd, Liverpool; Beaver, Flinn, Dublin
22 [sic] Oct- Commerce, Robinson, Dublin; Hannah, Bell, Isleman
19 Oct- Providence, Brown; Seahorse, Kirkpatrick; Thomas, Heslop, Dumfries
20 Oct- Endeavour, Atkinson, Isleman
19 Oct- Peggy, Blake, Dundalk
20 Oct- Renown, Bacon, Dublin
21 Oct- Seahorse, Kirkpatrick, Dumfries
23 Oct- Endeavour, Atkinson; Brothers, Skelton, Dundalk; Thomas, Heslop, Dumfries
17 Oct- Nancy, Spedding, Workington [sic]
18 Oct- Pallas, Kelsick, Highlands; Favourite, Tiffin, Carlisle
19 Oct- Ellen, Heart, Peelafouther
20 Oct- Henry & Joseph, Tickell; Delight, Bulteel, Cork; Triton, Thompson, Dublin; Peggy, Bowes, Whitehaven
22 Oct- Mally & Peggy; Donaldson, Dumfries
16 Oct- Linnet, Evans, Cardigan
18 Oct- Seahorse, Kirkpatrick; Happy, Jackson; Henry, Clark, Cardigan; Peggy, Simond, Kirkcudbright; Providence, Hill, Dublin; Thomas, Heslop, Harrington; Mable, Skelton, Carlisle
19 Oct- Glory's Increase, Marshall; Diamond, Carley; George, Clark; Resolution, Skelton, Dublin; Prosperity, Owens, Newry; Betty, Fearon, Maryport
21 Oct- Hope, Bell; Triton, Thompson, Dublin; Peggy, Michal, Kirkcudbright
23 Oct- Peggy, Bowes, Carlisle
17 Oct- Phenix, Metcalf, Highlands
19 Oct- Bella, Thursby, Wier Water; Neptune, Fearon, Highlands
21 Oct- Birmingham, Dockray, Dumfries
23 Oct- Plaindealer, Thompson, Carrickfergus
24 Oct- Ranger, Graham, Kirkcudbright; Nancy, Collin; Friends Adventure, Barnes, Dublin; Fly, McKenzie, Highlands
17 Oct- Integrity, Peel, Dublin; Tryal, Holiday, Wigton; Content, Beach, Sarkfoot
18 Oct- Ann & Francis, Borriskell, Dublin
19 Oct- Thomas & Hannah, Wilson, Dublin; Lion, Harrison, Cork; Ann & Mary, Scrugham, Dublin
HIGH WATER AT WHITEHAVEN, 26 Oct to 1 Nov:
Sun, 07.03am, 07.25pm
Mon, 07.47am, 08.08pm
Tue, 08.29am, 08.49pm
Wed, 09.10am, 09.30pm
Thu, 09.51am, 10.12pm
Fri, 10.33am, 10.54pm
Sat, 11.16am, 11.39pm