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4 Mar 1777:

As in previous issues:
White Swan, Penrith
Panacea for the itch
Carlisle Custom House sale (there is also a correction at the head of the local news column, that the sale date should be 19 Mar, not 29 Mar)

Shortened advert for the Bible partwork from J. Harrison, printer of Carlisle, first issue now available.
"N.B. The Printer of this Bible wants a Press-Man, and an Apprentice to the Printing Business."

[In this issue are also two advertisements for new works from London printers, with no local references]

NOW lying at Whitehaven; will sail about the 25th of March; has good accommodations for Passengers. For Freight or Passage apply to DIXON and LITTLEDALE in Whitehaven, or the said Master.

"Any person wanting to borrow 1000£ upon a good Mortgage, may apply to Mr. THOMAS WEBSTER, Attorney at Law, Cockermouth. N.B.The Money will be divided if required."

4 Mar 1777- NEWS:
The Whitehaven ships "Hero" (Capt. Smith) and "Dunmore" (Capt. Younghusband), and the Workington ship "Mary Ann" (Capt. Sim) have arrived safely at Cork from New York. The "Albion" has safely made the journey from Whitehaven to New York, and the "Hannah" (Capt. Mossop) has arrived in Whitehaven from Cork with news that "a large fleet of transports are daily expected there from New York".

The Whitehaven ship "Peggy" (Capt. Conkey) has run aground at Formby on a voyage from Liverpool to Newry; five passengers were drowned and the cargo damaged.

Last Monday evening at Plumpton near Penrith, a farmer and his wife "very imprudently" left their children (aged 4 years and 18 months) alone in their house, locked in, while they worked in the fields. On returning home in the evening they found both lying dead on the hearth- it is believed that the younger had fallen on the fire and the older died attempting a rescue.

"On Sunday last a brief was read at St. James's church [Whitehaven], for the building of eight churches in different parts of the kingdom- when the collection amounted, in the whole, to the sum of one halfpenny.

4 Mar 1777- MARRIED:
Lately at Cockermouth, by the Rev. Mr Gillbanks, Mr Benjamin Benson to Miss Sally Sibson.
A Few days ago at Staveley, Westmorland, by the Rev. Mr Myres, Mr Benjamin Farrer to Miss Esther Park, both of Staveley.

4 Mar 1777- DIED:
Last Sun, at her house in Cross-street, Whitehaven, Mrs Howe, widow of the late Peter Howe Esq. of Whitehaven, "after a long and tedious illness which she bore with a truly pious resignation.
Sun last week, Mr John Williamson, watch-maker of Queen-street, Whitehaven (formerly of Frizington Hall): "his great abilities as a mechanic, and his extensive knowledge in Mathematics, and Chymistry, rendered him the admiration of all who knew him, he possessed that affable degree of modesty which is seldom to be met with among men of superior talents, which at once made him an agreeable and instructive companion."
Lately at Workington, Mrs Catharine Parkin, of the King's Arms Inn there.
Lately, Mr William Bell, "formerly an eminent hatter in Carlisle."

{Anonymous, but addressed to the Chronicle) "On Malice".

4 Mar 1777- SHIPPING:

[Name, Captain, From/to]
24 Feb- Prosperous, Thompson; Powell, Huddleston; Betty & Nancy, Hudson; Dash, Jackson; Content, Woodall, Dublin; Matilda, Dickinson, Mary Port
25 Feb- Ann, Davis, Newry; Equity, Watson; John & Thomas, Yeoward; Ledger, Hodgson; Seaflower, Gibbons, Dublin
26 Feb- Hartley, Fannon; Sedgwick, Welsh, Dublin
27 Feb- Molly, Jones, Cardigan; Ann, Briggs; Betty, Palmer; Tryal, Riley; Catharine, Williams; Bella, Steele; Resolution, Banks; Henry, Gilliat; Betty, Wood; Richmond, Newton, Dublin
1 Mar- Providence, Brown; Nancy, Parker, Liverpool; Mally, Messenger; Elizabeth, Fletcher; Assistance, Farish; Lively, Watts; Prosperity, Piper, Dublin; Nelly, Tear, Isleman; Active, Ford, Newry
2 Mar- Dolphin, Hesket, Carlisle; Duchess, Aikin, Ulverstone; Rupert, Braithwaite, Dublin

26 Feb- Monarch, Hall, Glasgow
28 Feb- Molly, Jones, Workington; Lynx, Banton, Seas; Eagle Packet, Maxwell, Isleman
2 Mar- Providence, Morgan, Holyhead; Jane, Turner, Kirkcudbright


23 Feb- William, Hudson, Cork; Glory's Increase, Marshall, Dublin
25 Feb- Lark, Armstrong, Rush; Vigilant, Wilson, Belfast; Three Brothers, Lawrence, Highlands
26 Feb- Martin, Bowes, Dublin; Jane, Peel, Cork; Providence, Tiffin, Malahide
27 Feb- Felicity, Atkinson; Nancy, Davis; Industry, Hayston, Dublin; Mally, Jackson, Drogheda
1 Mar- Brothers, Kay; Concord, Wilson; Matty, Halcrow; Rose, Steel, Dublin
2 Mar- Nancy, Drape, Sansfield; Portland, Watson, Cork; Duchess, Aikin, Lancaster


25 Feb- Mally, Pearson, Portaferry; Plaindealer, Thompson; Hope, Inman; Forrester, Turner; Thomas & Hannah, Wilson; George & Charlotte, Fearon, Dublin
26 Feb- Nancy, Collin; Phoenix, Metcalf, Dublin; Mary, Waite, Drogheda
27 Feb- Duke, Fletcher, Douglas; Jenny, Bonner, Dublin
28 Feb- Royal Bounty, Thompson, Portaferry
1 Mar- Favourite, Grave, Dublin

4 Mar 1777- CORN PRICES:

Tue, 06.05am, 06.32pm
Wed, 07.00am, 07.28pm
Thu, 07.56am, 08.25pm
Fri, 08.54am, 09.24pm
Sat, 09.50am, 10.18pm
Sun, 10.46am, 11.13pm
Mon, 01.41am [sic, for 11.41], 12.07pm
"Clock Fast 11m"

11 Mar 1777:

As in previous issues:
£1000 mortgage
White Swan, Penrith
Turlington's Balsam of Life (sold in Whitehaven by J. Dunn)
Carlisle Custom House sale, 19 Mar
Tryton brigantine

[3 adverts from London booksellers without local references]

In the warehouse of Thomas Jackson (carrier from Kendal to Cockermouth) at Keswick "is now lying a Truss or Piece of Cloth directed for W. ELLIOT, Keswick; also a Web of Sacking or Packsheeting, with other Goods inclosed, marked N__. If any Person, or Persons, can produce just Claim thereto, by applying to WILLIAM JACKSON, at Keswick, and paying Carriage, Expence of Advertising, &c. they may have the same."

Employment wanted by young man aged about 18 "who can write and understands Accompts" and wishes to work for a single gentleman or a family as a servant or husbandman, "for one or three Years, upon very reasonable Terms." Apply to the Chronicle office.

11 Mar 1777- NEWS:
Last Thu morning, among the rocks on the south side of Whitehaven harbour, the body of Elizabeth Waller was found, presumably drowned. The Coroner's jury found no marks of violence, and no clues as to how she came to drown.

Last Sun, the body of a new-born boy was found on the shore near Bransty rocks, wrapped in a piece of check cloth. The Coroner's jury found Esther Carlisle the mother, and Elizabeth Spencer, guilty of murder, and both have been sent to Carlisle Gaol for trial at the next assizes.

Two women named Staple were recently gaoled at Carlisle, one for stealing ready spun cotton from Mr Forester, manufacturer of Penrith, the other for receiving it, knowing it to be stolen.

The Lords of the Treasury have appointed Fawcet Troughton Esq. as Tide-surveyor of Whitehaven, following the recent resignation of Joseph Deane Esq.

11 Mar 1777- BORN:
1 Mar, the wife of William Douglas Esq. of Arkleby Hall (MP for the boroughs of Dumfries, Sanquhar, Annan etc.) "was safely delivered of a son".

11 Mar 1777- MARRIED:
1 Mar, at St. Cuthbert's, Carlisle, Mr George Robinson of Bleckellwood, to Miss Deborah Crozier of Buckabank.
A few days ago at Ainstable, Mr John Harrison "officer of the excise in Kirkoswald" to Miss Barbary Beaumont of Basca-dike

11 Mar 1777- DIED:
Sunday last week, at Mary-Port, Mr Adley, inn-keeper there.
A few hours later, Mrs Adley, his widow; the bodies were buried in one grave, at Dearham church.
Sunday last week, at Cockermouth, Mrs Beeby, wife of Mr Beeby.
Last Tue, at Carlisle, the wife of John Lidderdale Esq. of Castle Milch in Scotland.
Lately at Carlisle "in the bloom of youth", Mrs Dalton, wife of Mr William Dalton of Carlisle.
6 Mar, Mrs Favell "mother-in-law to Mr. Wordsworth in the Custom-house of this town", age 80.
Last Wed, at Lancaster, Mr Thomas Hutton Rawlinson, merchant.

POEM: Taken from a London newspaper.

11 Mar 1777- SHIPPING:

[Name, Captain, From/to]
4 Mar- Jenny, McCreedy, Whithorn; Betsy, Armstrong, Dublin
5 Mar- Howgill, McDonald; Peace, Ritson; Charlotte, Stuart; Felicity, Monkhouse; Allison, Adamson; Cumberland, Wilson; Ann & Frances, Booth, Dublin; Seahorse, Kirkpatrick, Isleman; Mally, Rowland, Liverpool; Charming Jenny, Casson, Kirkcudbright; Peggy, Stuart; Nancy, McGuffolk, Whithorn
6 Mar- Peggy, Ramsey, Londonderry; Betsy, Yeowart, Dublin
7 Mar- Polly, Lacy, Liverpool; Open Boat, Hill, Annan; Salamander, Davis, Kirkcudbright
8 Mar- Eagle Packet, Morlin; Chatham, Pearson, Isleman; Benn, McLellan, Dublin; Lowther, Fisher, Londonderry

4 Mar- Nancy, Parker, Ulverstone; Dolphin, Hesket, Allonby; Providence, Brown, Harrington; Eagle Packet, Morlin, Isleman
5 Mar- Joanna, Fisher, Dublin; Tiger, Story, London; Minerva, Richardson, Liverpool; Lion, Richards, Fitzgard; Jenny & Betty, Bell, Carlisle; Pitt, Kilner, Isleman
6 Mar- Carleton, Campbell; Matilda, Dickinson; Mally, Caffrey; Hartley, Fannon; Dallem Tower, Fell; Commerce, Robinson; Betsy, Younghusband; Swan, Bacon; Jane & Mary, Barns; Fox, Salkeld; Rose, Harrison; Prosperous, Thompson; Mally & Peggy, Walker; Brothers, Falcon; Williamson, Phillipson; Betty & Nancy, Hudson; Dove, Dargue; Richard, Ledger; Industry, Atkinson; Wells, Collins; William & Thomas, Piper; Truelove, Littledale; Bella, Steel; Seaflower, Slater; Mary & Betty, Jackson; Ratcliffe, Hodgson; Katy, Fisher; Garland, Piper; Brittannia, Allison; James & Thomas, Benn, Dublin; Prince George, Ponsonby, Jamaica; Tanner, Hamilton, Isleman
7 Mar- Minerva, Rookin; Love, Machell; Juno, Jackson; Isabella, Richardson; Thomas, Carter; Echo, Allison, Dublin; Betty, Wood, Beaumaris; Richard, Wraith, Wexford; Nelly, Tear, Isleman; Molly, Rowland, Beaumaris
8 Mar- Pol, Lacy, Liverpool; Richmond, Newton, Dublin; Birmingham, Dockray, Workington
9 Mar- Musgrave, Sibson; Content, Woodall; Molly, Messenger; Three Brothers, Tindall; Catharine, Williams, Dublin; Isis, Hudson, West Indies


6 Mar- Deborah, Brocklebank, Isleman; Nelly, Burnet, Drogheda

6 Mar- Success, Barns; Royal Oak, Scot, Drogheda; Hazard, McGaa, Wicklow
7 Mar- Speedwell, Jackson; Peggy, Blake, Dundalk; Blythe Ann, Atkinson; Nancy, Little, Drogheda


5 Mar- Farmer, Stockdale, Dublin
7 Mar- Union, Wiley; Nancy, Spedding, Harrington; Ellen, Hart, Ulverstone
8 Mar- Tryal, Holiday, Wigton

5 Mar- James, Stephenson, Chester
6 Mar- Mally, Jones, Cardigan; Peggy, Owens, Dumfries; Union, Wiley; Nancy, Spedding, Harrington
7 Mar- Endeavour, Pilkington; Resolution, Hayston, Dublin; Vulcan, Harrison, Sansfield


4 Mar- Rachael & Mary, Smith, Londonderry
8 Mar- Agnes & Betty, Bell, Belfast

7 Mar- Mary & Betty, Thomburn, Dublin
9 Mar- Hope, Inman; Commerce, Burrel; Nelson, Bailies; Experiment, Colin; Integrity, Peel; Ann & Frances, Borriskell; Friends Adventure, Barns; Jane, Harris; Ann, Borriskel; Nancy, Collin; Friends, Harris; Mary, Pearson, Dublin

11 Mar 1777- CORN PRICES: (average per Winchester bushel)

Tue, 12.08am, 12.36pm
Wed, 01.02am, 01.29pm
Thu, 01.56am, 02.24pm
Fri, 02.51am, 03.19pm
Sat, 03.47am, 04.15pm
Sun, 04.42am, 05.10pm
Mon, 05.37am, 06.04pm
"Clock fast 9m"

[NB: Chronicle agents around Cumbria are the same as in January]

18 Mar 1777:

As in previous issues:
Horsley's Worm Medicine
Tryton brigantine
Panacea for the Itch
Goods in Keswick warehouse

To be published on 16 April by J. Browne of London: "Browne's General Law-List". "N.B. Those GENTLEMEN of the LAW who are pleased to send their Address (Post paid) to J. DUNN, the Printer of this Paper, may rest assured that it will be carefully inserted in the above Publication."

"ANY Person or Persons desirous to undertake the Office of SCAVENGER and cleansing the Streets, for the present Year, are desired to bring ther Proposals in writing to the Court House, in this Town, on Monday the 24th instant, at Eleven o'Clock in the Forenoon, when and where the Contract, for that Purpose, will be concluded.
By Order of the TRUSTEES. Whitehaven, March 17, 1777."

Stolen or strayed from Dunce in the parish of Eccles, Scotland: a roan or iron grey gelding [described; advert also has picture of a man riding a horse to the gallows, with the devil mounted behind him]. Reward for information leading to retrieval, from Richard Lamb of Kialsick-hill, near Carlisle.

[Also non-local adverts for partwork publication and for boot-blacking]

18 Mar 1777- NEWS:
Whitehaven: "A Person who arrived here on Saturday last, by the way of Ireland, and left Boston, in New England, about the beginning of February, says, that he heard a letter read from a gentleman in the Jerseys, to a merchant in Boston, which gave account of an engagement between the Royal army and the rebel forces, that the former lost 1500 men, and the latter were totally defeated with the loss of 3000 killed and nearly the same number taken prisoners- and that General Washington was mortally wounded."

Whitehaven: "The Sovereign, Flynn, from Rhode Island, and the Ocean, Dixon, from New York, both of this Port, are safe arrived at Cork."

Whitehaven: "A Gentleman, a few days ago, for no considerable wager, engaged to walk, backwards, from the great arch at Bransty, in this town, to the Turnpike Gate, which are nearly a mile distant, in thirty minutes- at first he met with some difficulty in getting up the hill, and the odds ran much against him- he fell twice- however, after all his difficulties, he got to the gate two minutes sooner than the time limited. - The parties then adjourned to a public house, to refresh themselves; and, tho' it may appear strange, it is said, that some of them had afterwards more difficulty to go forward than our extraordinary racer met with in going backward."

18 Mar 1777- DIED:
Tuesday 11 Mar, "after a long and tedious illness which she sustained with the most perfect resignation, Mrs. Spedding, wife of James Spedding, Esq; of this Town [Whitehaven], sincerely regretted by a numerous acquaintance to whom her affability and chearful behaviour were not the least considerable of the many good qualities she possessed."
Last Sat, at Dub-Hall, Arlecdon, the Rev. Mr Baxter snr. "who commenced curate of that place in the year 1715; and for upwards of 60 years performed that sacred office with the most religious exactness and unwearied diligence: what is very remarkable, for upwards of 50 years, he was never remembered, thro' sickness or any other indisposition, to be absent above one day from his duty. His life was exemplary, charitable, sincere, and devout; he reached the reward of his labours in the 88 year of his age."

POEM: No room this week, but "A Pastoral, in the Cumberland dialect" promised for next week.

18 Mar 1777- SHIPPING:

[Name, Captain, From/to]
10 Mar- Recovery, Jones, Ravenglass
11 Mar- Endeavour, Moor; Brayton, Harrison; William, Hayton, Dublin; Creswell, Johnson, Newry
12 Mar- Robinson, Todhunter; Ceres, Moor; Wilson, Benton, Dublin; Good Intent, Garnet, Peelafouther; Vulcan, Harrison, Skinverness; William, Pennyman, Rush
13 Mar- Sally, Doyle, Liverpool; Dolphin, Hesket, Sarkfoot
14 Mar- Jenny & Betty, Bell, Sarkfoot; Olive Branch, Angus; Prince of Wales, Briggs; Senhouse, Watson, Dublin; Eagle Packet, Maxwell, Isleman
15 Mar- Loyalty, Thompson; Curwen, Younghusband, Dublin; Mary & Betty, Boadle, Youghall; Pitt, Shillen, Isleman; Inchiquin, Boston, Portsmouth
16 Mar- Mary, Reed, Cork

10 Mar- Eagle Packet, Maxwell, Isleman
11 Mar- Glory, Jackson, Mary Port; John & Thomas, Yeowart, Dublin; Goodwill, Richardson, West Indies; Peggy, Stuart, Whithorn; Open Boat, Cain, Air; Seahorse, Kirkpatrick, Dumfries
14 Mar- Charming Jenny, Carson, Kirkcudbright; Nancy, McGuffolk, Whithorn; Sally, Doyle, Carlisle
15 Mar- Jenny & Betty, Bell, Carlisle
16 Mar- Dolphin, Hesket, Allonby


9 Mar- Mermaid, Briscoe, Derry; Henry, Clark, Dublin
13 Mar- Mary, Lashley, Drogheda
14 Mar- Industry, Key, Derry
15 Mar- Renown, Curwen, Dublin; Cavendish, Satterthwaite, Sansfield

9 Mar- Rose, Fearon, Dublin; James, Key, Dundalk; Graystock, Key, Drogheda; Venus, Messenger, Belfast


11 Mar- Truelove, Curwen Diligence, Tickell; Happy, Jackson, Dublin
12 Mar- Glory, Lawson, Dundalk
13 Mar- Diamond, Steel, Dublin; Charlotte, Dickson, Kirkcudbright
14 Mar- Integrity, Robinson, Dublin; Mary, Bailey; Assistance, Hutchinson, Belfast; Dorset, Allison, Cantra; Betty, Dixon, Dumfries
15 Mar- Clifton, Priestman; Providence, Brockbank; Triton, Marshall; Vine, Martindale, Dublin; Seaflower, Wilson; Mary, Scott; Bellona, Kelsick, Cork; Endeavour, Atkinson, Newry

10 Mar- Pallas, Kelsick; Warrington, Ashley, Dublin; Betsy, Potts, Mary Port; Birmingham, Dockray, Sansfield
11 Mar- Tryal, Holiday, Mary Port; Industry, Hayston, Dublin
14 Mar- Dutchess, Aikin, Sarkfoot


10 Mar- Morning Star, Messenger, Bangor
11 Mar- Betsy, Potts, Workington; Glory, Jackson, Whitehaven; Tryal, Holiday, Harrington
12 Mar- Sally, Bell, Dublin
13 Mar- Cookson, Robinson; Bella, Thursby; Friendship, Thompson, Dublin
14 Mar- Molly, Hayton; Griffin, Potts, Belfast
15 Mar- Marigold, Steel; Draper, Carter; Friendsgoodwill, Fawcett, Dublin
16 Mar- Ruby, Scurr, Dublin

10 Mar- Phoenix, Metcalf; George & Charlotte, Fearon; Mary, Waite, Dublin
12 Mar- Tryal, Holiday, Kirkcudbright
13 Mar- Jenny, Bonner, Dublin
15 Mar- Favourite, Grave, Dublin

18 Mar 1777- CORN PRICES: (average per Winchester bushel)

Tue, 6.30am, 6.57pm
Wed, 7.22am, 7.47pm
Thu, 8.11am, 8.35pm
Fri, 8.58am, 9.21pm
Sat, 9.42am, 10.03pm
Sun, 10.24am, 10.46pm
Mon, 11.06am, 11.26pm
"Clock fast 7m."

25 Mar 1777:

As in previous issues:
Browne's Law List

Just published: "The New Letter Writer. OR, THE Art of Correspondence". Available in Whitehaven from J. Dunn, Printer, who also sells Turlington's original Balsam of Life, Dr. James's Powders for fevers, Dr. Anderson's Pills, Daffy's Elixir and numerous other medicines. Various other book titles on sale are also listed.

[1 other book advert, no local details]

25 Mar 1777- NEWS:
Last Mon, Margaret Laidley was sent to gaol at Carlisle by Anthony Benn Esq., to be tried for theft at the next County Quarter Sessions.

Whitehaven: "Esther Carlisle, mother of the male bastard child found near Bransty rocks, and Isabel (not Elizabeth) Spencer (mentioned in a former paper) are yet in the Workhouse of this town, and will not be removed, from thence, to the County Gaol, till Esther Carlisle's month-end."

"The report of the Sovereign's arrival at Cork, mentioned in our last, is without foundation."

Sat 15 Mar, as Mr Andrew Wilson, a farmer and horse-dealer of Rockcliffe, was returning between 7 & 8 pm from Carlisle market (where he had had "a good many" horses on sale), two villains, who had been hiding behind a hedge, stopped his horse in a narrow lane less than 200 yards from Stanwix village. He got loose by spurring on his horse, but one of them shot him just below the shoulder with a pistol. "The ball has been extracted by Mr. William Graham, surgeon, who has great hopes of his recovery." Although many inhabitants of Stanwix heard the shot, the villains escaped.

Whitehaven: "Yesterday arrived here from Cork, the Dunmore, J. Younghusband, Master, a fine new ship, pierced for 24 guns, built at Norfolk in Virginia, said to be the largest vessel belonging to this port [i.e. Norfolk?]. Lord Dunmore had his residence on board this vessel when Norfolk was burnt."

Whitehaven: "We hear that the Tragedy of CATO is now in rehearsal, by a number of young Gentlemen under the tuition of Messrs. Ward and Tordiff; and that, by Desire, they intend shortly to present it to the Public at the Theatre in Roper-street."

Sat 15 Mar, at Yanwath Hall, Westmorland, Sarah Boak, a maidservant at the hall, rising at her usual time about 6am, "went with a skimming-dish to take off the odour and scum from the surface of the craw-well, in the yard, but, in reaching forward too far, the stone on which her left arm rested gave way, and she unfortunately fell in; the well being narrow, she stuck fast by her shoulders and was drowned, before any assistance could be got."

"Last week, in a field belonging to Benjamin Dockery, of Kirkland, near Wigton, was taken up, new potatoes the bigness of a small hen's egg--- An instance of such forwardness is seldom to be met with."

"The Hopewell, Ayles, from Honduras and Lisbon, belonging to this port, is arrived at London."

"The Rev. Mr. Kendal, master of the Free Grammar School in Kendal, is presented by the Rev. Dr. Symonds, Vicar of Kendal, to the Chapel of Netland void by the death of the Rev. Mr. Townson, the last incumbent."

Sunday last week, at Dobie-Hill in Castle Sowerby, "Mr. Isaac Barker, having come home pretty late, ordered his servant to take care of his horse --- the young man went into an adjoining barn, and, in his attempt to bring away some hay, caught hold of a man's legs, upon which he ran and told his master that he believed there were robbers on the hay mow. Mr. Barker, having to the amount of 3 or 4 hundred pound, in cash, at that time, in the house, took down a gun, and, after questioning the servant girl if she had any sweet-hearts to come that night, to which she answered no, he loaded it, went to the place with his servant, and asked who was there, a person starting up, on his knees, answered I'll tell you presently; Mr. Barker, taking that as a threat, discharged his piece and wounded one Joseph Wright in the groin, who got up, passed them, and walked near half a mile to his master's, where he lingered about 17 hours and died. He was servant to Mr. Isaac Lowthain, next neighbour to Mr. Barker. --- We have received various accounts of the above melancholy affair, some say that the young man was asleep and did not hear Mr. Barker call, and that he went there by appointment of the servant girl, who, notwithstanding she saw her master charge the gun, suffered him to go out without acquainting him who the person was: But, however that be, it is said, the unfortunate young man forgave Mr. Barker, as he believed he did not intend to hurt him."

"A daring attempt to rob and murder was lately made in the house of John Benson at Stanger near Cockermouth. A person, in the night-time, broke in at a back window and opened the front door, in order to secure his escape; he then went up stairs, entered the room where Joseph the son of John Benson lay in bed, and demanded his money; on being answered he had none, the villain then seized him by the hair, dragged him out of bed, snapped a pistol at him, which flashed in the pan but, happily, did not go off. The young man, by calling out murder, alarmed his father and several of the neighbours, but the villain made his escape without being discovered."

25 Mar 1777- MARRIED:
"Last week at Crosthwaite church, Mr. Steele, surgeon at Keswick, to Miss Elizabeth Shaw, daughter of Mr. Shaw" of the Custom-house in Whitehaven.

25 Mar 1777- DIED:
"Lately, at his seat of Rayrigg" in Westmorland, Fletcher Fleming Esq., in his 25th year.
"Mr. Whinfield of Rayrigg" [probably the correspondent supplying the above information, not another death]
Last Fri "very suddenly, Mr. Robert Elbeck of Gosforth, aged 73 years"
"Last week, at Cockermouth, Jane Wilson, daughter of Mr. Wilson, a Methodist preacher, in that town."


"WHEN sudden rain the weary reapers drove,
Beneath the covert of a neighbouring grove;
Far, far behind, poor Robin trail'd his feet,
Nor seem'd to feel the weight of falling weet.
A distant, solitary, shade he sought,
And thus disclos'd the troubles of his thought.
"Aye! aye! Thur showers may slake my outer heat,
"And caller breezes 'bate the bruiling sweat;
"But seck mad flames, as bleeze within, God wait,
"No showers can sleaken out, nor breezes 'bate.
"Wae worth the time, wae worth the unsonsy place
"Where first I got a gliff of Peggy's face!
"As on the trod so leetly tripp'd the maid,
"And when in bands of barley sheaves we laid:
"Daft gouk! I glim'd and glim'd nor let aleane,
"Till the rough sickle gash'd me to the beane.
"Out team'd the bluid; the shearers aw brast out
"In sweels of laughter, Peggy luik'd about.
"What could be duin, in seck a dismal case;
"Read grew my fingers, read as fire my face.
"Heamwart I steer'd, to grandy made my mean;
"My grandy (God be with her, now she's gean)
"Was reet soon at her gallipot, in aid,
"And on the sair a healing plaster laid;
"The healing plaster eas'd the painfu' sair;
"The mark remains, it's true, but nothing mair.
"Nut sae, that other sair, that inward smart,
"My grandy cude not heal a wounded heart;
"Three year I've born the torment, three land year,
"And still the torment mun be forc'd to bear;
"'Less Peggy will a kind physician prove,
"For nin alive, beside, can med'cine love.
"But how frae Peggy can I hope relief;
"Peggy's a perfect stranger to my grief.
"Oft I've resolv'd my ailment to explain;
"Oft I've resolv'd, but still resolv'd in vain.
"A springing blush spread fast o'er either cheek;
"E'en down I luikt, and deuce a word cou'd speak.
"Can I forget that night- I never can-
"When on a clean swept hearth the spindle ran;
"Each lassie drew her line wi' busie speed;
"Each lad, as busie, watch'd the breaking thread:
"But nin at aw like Peggy drew the line,
"Sae fast, sae sma, sae slender, and sae fine.
"Ow'r fine, ow'r sma, at last, the line she drew;
"The heavy spindle snap'd the thread a two,
"To me it ran, the lads began to gloup,
"What cu'd I do? I mud, mud, tak' it up;
"And up I tuck't (but what gans plaguie hard)
"E'en reach'd it back without the dear reward.
"O sad disgrace! O everlasting stain!
"Lasting as bluid of sackless body slain.
"How shall I ever wipe away the shame?
"How ever match my rival Willy's fame?
"Was Willy ought sae bleat? Nay, he unty'd,
"A pair of scissars at the damsel's side.
"He sleely dropt the whirling spindle down;
"And what said Peggy? Peggy struive to frown:
"Up flew her hand to souse the cow'ring swain,
"But oh! how easily it sank down again.
"What follow'd, I think mickle to repeat;
"My teeth aw water'd then- and water yet.
"E'en weel is he that ever he was born,
"He's free frae aw this bitterness and scorn.
"What mun I still be fash'd wi' stragglin sheep,
"Wi' far fetch'd sighs and things I said asleep,
"Still shamefully left, snaffling, by my sell,
"And still be plagu'd wi' that damn'd name o' Mell.
"Where, where's my wonted pith? (Alas this luive!)
"My wonted pith, when on this land we struive:
"When thro' the cowrn an open lane I made,
"And bustling, far behind, the rest survey'd.
"Waes me! Thar days, that happy days are ow'r,
"Till Peggy's kindness shall my strength restore:
"And Peggy cannot be expected kind;
"Till I've more freely spoken out my mind.
"Then teach me, teach me, some experienc'd swain,
"To tell my story in some proper strain.
"Instruct me how to few the maiden fair;
"Oil my slow tongue, and sharp my bluntish air.
"A buik there is, a buik, the name sham fa't,
"Something a compliments, I think they ca't.
"A buik that makes a clown a clever spark:
"Oh! had I this, this buik wad work yan's wark.
"And I resolve to ha't whate'er it cost,
"Seauner than Peggy let my flute be lost;
"Tho' hup'd my flute wi iv'ry rings sea fine!
"What signifies't, if Peggy be not mine.
"And if sae bonny a lassy be my bride,
"I need not seek for any joy beside.
"Reet early on the morn, neest market day,
"Streight to the stationer's I'll tak my way.
"For this, tho' with a blush, I will inquire;
"A fart, I care not, let the 'prentice flyre.
"Then to my dear a letter I'll indite,
"Luivesome as e'er a country lad did write.
"A letter which shall aw my sorrow tell,
"And aw my wish, without a blush reveal.
"But now the driving clouds disperse away,
"Out frae his shelter luiks the lively ray.
"Brave hearty blasts the drooping barley dry,
"The swains return to wark and so must I."

[My thanks to Australian researcher Pam Manning for pointing out that this anonymous poem is actually a thinly-disguised ripoff of Harvest, or The Bashful Shepherd by the Rev. Josiah Relph of Sebergham (1712-1743)]

Promised for the next issue: "Extempore verses, presented to a young Lady, along with a love epistle"

25 Mar 1777- SHIPPING:

[Name, Captain, From/to]
17 Mar- Granville, Williams, Donaghadee; Mary Ann, Robinson, Belfast; Ranger, Graham, Kirkcudbright; Liberty, Wilkes, Waterford; Ann, Marshall; Expedition, Braithwaite; Prosperous, Thompson, Dublin; Ann Thompson, Bordeaux
18 Mar- Hartley, Fannon, Dublin; Saitham, Dawson, Waterford; Neptune, Littledale, Cork; Mary, Doyle, Wexford
19 Mar: Wolf, Bratney, Chester
20 Mar- Bella, Steel; Fox, Salkeld, Dublin; Nelly, Tear, Isleman
21 Mar- William & Thomas, Piper; Kitty, Fisher; Dallemtower, Fell, Dublin; Tanner, Hamilton, Isleman; Betty, Hannah, Wigton
22 Mar- Thomas, Carrell, Drogheda; Dove, Dargue; Rose, Harrison; Mary & Betty, Jackson, Dublin
23 Mar- Birmingham, Dockray, Carlisle; Glory, Jackson, Mary Port; Nancy, Spedding, Workington; Richard, Wraith, Wexford; King George, Stockbridge, Waterford; Garland, Piper; Williamson, Phillipson, Dublin

18 Mar- Bolton, Bacon, Norway; Vulcan, Harrison, Mary Port
19 Mar- Ranger, Graham, Mary Port; Ann, Thompson, Kirkcudbright
23 Mar- Ann, Marshall; Liberty, Wilkes, Mary Port; Elizabeth, Fletcher, Memel


17 Mar- Seaflower, Robinson, Dublin
19 Mar- Love, Barns, Skerries
20 Mar- Trial, Graham, Whitehaven
21 Mar- Providence, Brown, Dumfries


16 Mar- Eleanor, Hargrove, Kinsale
20 Mar- Speedwell, Lawrence; Greystock, Clark, Drogheda; Resolution, Hayston, Dublin
21 Mar- Blyth Ann, Atkinson, Belfast


17 Mar- James, Selby; Ann & Mary, Scrugham, Dublin
18 Mar- Vulcan, Harrison, Whitehaven; Trial, Holiday, Kirkcudbright; Kirkham, Bone, Dublin
19 Mar- Mary & Betty, Thornburn, Dublin
20 Mar- Nelson, Baillies, Belfast
22 Mar- Matilda, Dickenson, Dublin; Mary, Pearson, Strangford
23 Mar- Ranger, Graham, Harrington

22 Mar- Lion, Harrison; Britain, Harrison; Sally, Bell, Dublin; Glory, Jackson, Whitehaven

25 Mar 1777- CORN PRICES: (average per Winchester bushel)

Tue, 11.47am, 12.07pm
Wed, 12.08am, 12.29pm
Thu, 12.50am, 01.12pm
Fri, 01.34am, 01.56pm
Sat, 02.19am, 02.43pm
Sun, 03.07am, 03.32pm
Mon, 03.57am, 04.23pm
"Clock fast 5m"

Saturday 29 Mar 1777 (price still 3d):


As in previous issues:
Browne's Law List
Young man about 18 wants employment
Goods lying at Keswick
Panacea for the Itch
Turlington's Balsam of Life
"The New Letter Writer"- [the list of other books in stock, longer this week, includes several on seamanship, such as "Moor's Practical Navigator", the "Seamen's Daily Assistant", the "British Mariner's Assistant"; also "A Concise Historical Account of the British Colonies in North America"]

[+ 2 adverts for books from London publishers, no local info.]

There will be a concert of music at the Theatre in Roper Street, Whitehaven, on 4 April; between the parts, the tragedy of Cato will be presented by "the following young Gentlemen, Pupils of Messrs. WARD and TORDIFF":
Cato- J. Grayson; Senator Lucius- E. Perry; Senator Sempronius- S. Kelsick; Juba (Prince of Numidia)- J. Alkin; Syphax (Numidian general)- J. Spittal; Portius (Cato's son)- D. Forbes; Marcus (Cato's son)- T. Spedding; Marcia (Cato's daughter)- H. Harrison; Decius (Ceasar's ambassador)- Y. Kelsick; Lucia (Lucius' daughter)- J. Stephenson; Leaders, Guards etc.- T. Collins, J. Bowness, C. Shiphard, H. Bragg, W, Jackson, W. Hogg. Occasional prologues- by J. Gilpin and W. Bowness. Song at end of play, called "By Hook or by Crook"- by T. McDonald.
"To which will be added a FARCE, called The GHOST": Sir Jeffrey Constant- J. Grayson; Captain Constant- T. Spedding; Clinch- S. Kelsick; Trusty- E. Perry; Roger- J. Alkin; Belinda- J. Stephenson; Dolly- H. Harrison.
"The Curtain will be drawn exactly at Seven o'Clock" "TICKETS to be had at J. DUNN'S, Printer, where places for the BOXES may be taken." Boxes 2s; Pit 1/6; Gallery 1s.

29 Mar 1777- ANNOUNCEMENT:
"Being, hitherto, unavoidably obliged to defer our time of publication for the space of twenty-four hours after the arrival of Monday's Post; a disadvantage many of our Readers have complained of- to remove which, we purpose, for the future, to publish every Saturday evening. By this innovation we will be enabled to distribute the Chronicle, containing the occurrences which arrive on Saturday, within ten hours after the arrival of the post: an advantage which, we flatter ourselves, will evince the necessity, as well as the propriety, of the change. The alteration we have made in the Title, at the request of several of our Friends, we hope, will be equally agreeable to our Readers."

29 Mar 1777- NEWS:
Last Sat, c8pm: Adam Dixon, a tailor "who attends Carlisle market, weekly, with hardware and women's stays, was stopped by a foot-pad between Botcher Gate and Gallow-Hill, not more than half a mile from the city walls; on the villain presenting a pistol and demanding his money he gave him his purse which contained about 17s. with which he made off- as soon as Dixon was at liberty he gallopped back to inform his friends what had happened, tho' he was within a hundred yards of two houses, both inhabitted, when the robbery was committed."

Last Thu morning, Richard Routlidge, aged about 15, was found drowned in the rivulet near Distington. "As he was subject to take fits, it is supposed, he had been seized with one while amusing himself on the side of the rivulet."

Last Tue evening, "a cart passing through Carlisle, with corn, for Sandsfield, ran over a child, about 2 years of age, belonging to Mr. Henry Thompson of that place. The child was taken up quite dead, the cart wheel having gone over it's head." ... "were drivers of carts, &c. compelled to walk by and lead their horses, as the law directs, or suffer for such neglect, great numbers of similar misfortunes would certainly be prevented."

A letter of 25 January from Newport, Rhode Island, written on board the Albion (of Whitehaven, under Captain Hogg) mentions that in their six-days' passage from New York "they had been chased for several hours, and were very near being taken, by five row boats and a schooner, off New London; but night coming on they happily escaped."

The Dunmore, which arrived in Whitehaven last Mon from Cork "is an armed ship in the service of Government, and commanded by Lieutenant Edwards."

Last Mon, the Whitehaven Harbour trustees met at the town's Court House to engage a Scavenger for the next year (as advertised in a recent paper)- William Dixon was appointed.

Joseph Green, butcher of Whitehaven, recently slaughtered a hog which had been fed by Joseph Robinson of Pardsey, and "weighed 20 stone 8 lb. a side- the ham, when cut out, weighed 75 lb."

Also, this week, two "remarkable fine bullocks" were brought from Corby Castle- when slaughtered they weighed 22 stone a quarter, and the fore quarters sold for two pence halfpenny per lb.

Last Thu (at Whitehaven) "a young man fell from the main yard of the Lonsdale" (commanded by Capt. Grayson) "and was so much hurt that he could not proceed on the voyage."

29 Mar 1777- BORN:
Last Wed, to Mrs Taylor, wife of Mr Joseph Taylor of Sellafield, a son- her first child in over 17 years of marriage.

29 Mar 1777- DIED:
Last Wed, "Mr. Jonathan Bowman, of Cockley-Gill, in Lamplugh parish, aged 100 years; what is very remarkable, he never lost a tooth, nor ever was known to be indisposed, by sickness, till near his death."

"EXTEMPORE VERSES, Presented to a young LADY, along with a Love Epistle, which the Author had committed to his Care", by C.G. [NB: the love letter was not printed in the Chronicle]

29 Mar 1777- SHIPPING:

[Name, Captain, From/to]
24 Mar- Orange, Losh, Balbriggen
25 Mar- Open Boat, Crawlin, Isleman
27 Mar- Hussar, Gurley, Seas; Peter, Whalley, Chester; Jenny & Betty, Bell, Carlisle; Hazard, McGaa, Isleman; Open Boat, Grave, Allonby
28 Mar- Lynx, Banton, Seas; Hector, Bouch, Mary Port

26 Mar- Nancy, Spedding, Workington; Brayton, Harrison, Norway; Tryal, Plasket, Riga; Eagle Packet, Maxwell, Isleman
27 Mar- Recovery, Brockbank; Good Intent, Gorhet [sic], Peelafouther; Pitt, Skillen, Isleman; Birmingham, Dockray, Ulverstone; Peggy, Ramsey, Newry; Nelly, Tear, Isleman; Active, Ford, Pool; Boyne, Coulthard; Prince of Wales, Briggs; Ann, Briggs, Dublin; Lonsdale, Grayson, Quebec; Prosperity, Monkhouse, Portsmouth
28 Mar- Howgill, McDonald, Cork; Mary, Doyle; Richard, Wraith, Wexford; Mally & Jenny, McMellan; Rupert, Braithwaite; Sedgwick, Welsh; Assistance, Farish; Lively, Watts; Hannah, Mossop; James & Ann, Peel; Charlotte, Stuart; Powell, Huddleston; Dash, Miller; Friendship, Pearson; Peace, Putson; Friends Adventure, Fleming; Resolution, Banks; Allison, Adamson; Mary & Betty, Boadle; William, Thompson; William, Pennyman; Creswell, Johnson; Cumberland, Wilson; Betsy, Armstrong; Lowther, Fisher, Dublin; Mary Ann, Robinson, Belfast; Hope, Perry, Antigua; Laurel, Stuart, Cork
29 Mar- Loyalty, Thompson; Seaflower, Gibbons; Ann & Frances, Booth; Hartley, Fannon; Wilson, Benson; Endeavour, Moor; Granvill, Williams; Mary, Reed; Mally & Peggy, Walker; Olive Branch, Angus; Felicity, Monkhouse; Betsy, Yeowart, Dublin; John & Bella, Priestman, Cork; Neptune, Littledale, Harrington


22 Mar- Industry, Barns, Drogheday [sic]
24 Mar- Peter, Wiley, Kirkcudbright
28 Mar- Wigton, Irvin, Workington; Neptune, Littledale, Whitehaven

23 Mar- Cavendish, Saterthwaite, Kirkcudbright
26 Mar- Seaflower, Robinson; Henry, Allison, Dublin; Nelly, Burnet; Brothers, Skelton, Drogheda; Gale, Temple, Dundalk; Peter, Wiley, Whitehaven; Tryal, Graham, Dumfries
27 Mar- Success, Barns, Drogheday
28 Mar- Mary, Lonsdale, Isleman; Deborah, Brockbank, Belfast

29 Mar 1777- CORN PRICES: (average per Winchester bushel)

Sun, 03.07am, 03.32pm
Mon, 03.57am, 04.23pm
Tue, 04.49am, 05.16pm
Wed, 05.42am, 06.11pm
Thu, 06.39am, 07.06pm
Fri, 07.33am, 08.01pm
Sat, 08.29am, 08.56pm
"Clock fast 3m."

5 Apr 1777:

As in previous issues:
New Letter Writer
Panacea for the Itch

Hugh Corkhill intends to open a Shoe Warehouse at his shop near the Green Market in Whitehaven, on 10 Apr, "where may be had Boots and Shoes, of different Sorts and Sizes, at the most reasonable Prices, for ready Money.- At the same Place, cut Leather, and Leather for Ships use, may be had." Also thanks the public for past favours. Dated 4 April.

Genteel dwelling-house at Keswick to let, with convenient stable, and a garden. Immediate entry, apply to Mr Hodgson at the Queen's Head in Keswick.

Joseph Dawson, timber and slate merchant of Brow Top, near Keswick, thanks his friends for past favours and announces that "he is, at this Time, well provided with good BLUE SLATE which he sells, at Keswick Water-foot". Prices: best sort 12.5d per yard; second best 10.5d "and will be delivered at any reasonable Distance, in the same Proportion; and Care taken that they are delivered within the Time agreed on." Also selling "at a reasonable Price, superfine OAK TIMBER, from Brandelow Parks, consisting of three Years cutting." Orders "by Letter or otherwise".

"Wanted against Whitsuntide, A Woman Servant, to go into the Country, to act in all the different Stations of House-keeper, Cook, Chambermaid, &c.- suitable Wages will be given. Inquire of the PRINTER of this PAPER."

"WANTED immediately, upon unquestionable personal SECURITY, from ONE HUNDRED and THIRTY to ONE HUNDRED and FIFTY POUNDS; the Borrower will engage for two Years certain. The Interest as can be agreed on, which will be paid half-yearly. Apply to the PRINTER of this PAPER."

[Presumably referring to Whitehaven:]  "To all Lovers of Art and Ingenuity.
THERE is come to Town, and exhibited by Mr. MANUEL, from Turin, at the Turk and French-Horn, a grand Variety of moving Pieces of
Which for the Quantity of the different Pieces, and the Variety of their Motion, excel any that was ever seen in these Parts.
I. A curious Italian Lady, who walks about the Table, moving her Head and Hands as natural as Life.  II. A surprizing Figure called the Blackmoor, who walks about, ringing his Bell, opens his Mouth, moves his Eyes, holds a Whistle in his Hand, carries it to his Mouth, and whistles in a curious Manner.  III. An Indian Lady in her Chariot which runs round the Table, at the Rate of Ten Miles an Hour, the Horses galloping and the Coachman whipping them, to the Surprize of the Spectators.  IV. A compleat Piece of Ingenuity, representing the Grand Turk, in the Seraglio's Dress, who walks about the Table, moves his Eyes, draws his Scimitar, and smokes his Pipe, in a surprizing Manner.  V. A curious Piece of Mechanism, called a North German Saw Mill and Timber Yard, where is displayed a great Variety of Motions, the Mill a turning, and Saws a going, and several Men at work, with Spirals in Motion.  VI. A very grand Piece of Ingenuity representing the Emperor of China's Night Summer-House, where two of his Sultanesses take an airing- with several ornamental Motions.  VII. A curious Piece of Clock-Work, called the Spinning Wheel, with a young Lady spinning, as natural as Life. This being the last Piece it makes its Obedience to the Company.
Several Instruments of Music to entertain the Company.- To be exhibited every Night during our Stay, which will be but short.
To begin at Half past Seven o'Clock."

Cumberland Register Office (kept at the dwelling-house of J. Dunn, printer and bookseller in Whitehaven, by Skelton & Co.):
Wanted to borrow: £500, £200 and several smaller sums "upon unquestionable Security of Houses", and several sums on "undeniable Bond Security".
To be lent, on land security (separately): £2000, £1000 and £500.
Wants employment: young man who can write and keep accounts "would engage to assist in a Shop- or attend a Gentleman in Character of a Servant- upon very easy Terms."
"Wanted several Boys, about fifteen Years of Age, as Apprentices, to the Printing, Painting, Currier's, Tanner's, and Cabinet-maker's, Business."
Wants employment: "a young Man who writes well, understands Accompts, and can be well recommended."
"N.B. All Persons making Application at the above Office, having Money to lend, for Servants, or Employment, &c. are charged only One Shilling for registering.
Letters, Post paid, will be duly answered."

5 Apr 1777- NEWS:
Carlisle: George & William Fearon, and William Story, committed to Carlisle Gaol on suspicion of shooting and murdering one John Little last January, were sent to London on 31 Mar under a writ of Habeas Corpus issued by the Rt. Hon. William Earl of Mansfield, "in order that they may be bail'd."

Whitehaven: The performance of "Cato" by Ward and Tordiff's pupils last night "to a very genteel audience" ... "gave universal satisfaction- The performers were all judiciously dressed in character, and made an appearance elegant beyond expression.- The propriety of the dresses, and the action of the young Gentlemen, considering their years, reflect great credit on their tutors: the entertainment was allowed, by judges, to exceed any thing of the kind ever exhibited in the North of England. We are informed that the young Gentlemen (by particular desire) will perform again on Monday."

Whitehaven: Early Tue morning "a person called at the house of a bellman, in this town, where he left sixpence, with a written note, intimating that several diversions were to be, that day at Burton High; the bellman, accordingly, gave public notice, and, the afternoon being very favourable, a great concourse of people attended- but perceiving no preparations for such sports, and recollecting it was April Day, they laughed heartily at each other.

Whitehaven: Last Sun night or early Mon morning "some villain or villains broke open one of Sir James Lowther's colliery smithys and carried off 13 doz. of new horse shoes- notwithstanding they have been happy enough to escape with their booty, 'tis not doubted but they will be discovered before they can dispose of it."

Workington: Easter Tue, annual foot-ball match on the Cloffocks, between the Sailors and the Colliers, "as hath been customary time out of mind". The ball was "struck off" at 3.30pm, "when both parties began the sport with their usual dexterity,- after an hour's contest, and the Sailors having gained a little ground, a person, named M____y, on the side of the Colliers, apprehensive that the ballance of power was likely to go against him and his friends, took an opportunity to secret the ball under the skirts of his coat, without being discovered, and left the ground immediately, to the great disappointment of the parties assembled: this person, they say, was always more political than honest; and, as he is of the Aegyptian Race, seems to possess part of the ingenuity of his renowned ancestors."

Extract of a letter from a gentleman in New York, formerly of Langdale, near Hawkshead:
"I had under my command a company of 107 men, mostly friends to Government, times growing very difficult we were obliged to disperse:- I was taken and put in irons, the oath of allegiance to the Congress was tendered which I refused; General Lee then ordered me to be sent to New England, but the Congress interfered, and brought me to tryal, where I was acquitted. Soon after, a set of villains undertook to ride the friends of Government on rails: I, with some others, escaped into the country, where we abode for two months, and then got on board his Majesty's ship the Rose; shortly after we had an engagement with six row gallies, for two hours, we lost three men, the enemy lost seventy-four: three nights after we were attacked, by three fire ships, with a great deal of resolution, which we narrowly escaped; a few days after we passed the fortifications of New York, at which time I had the honour of commanding a gun, and arrived safe at Staten Island without the loss of a man. I have, since that period, been in four engagements, as a volunteer, under General Howe, but am now safe in New York, where to my great surprize, I found all my property safe, excepting two negroes and some furniture. I have now the honour of commanding a company of rangers, for the city and county of New York, under General Tryon."

Last Sun, Esther Carlisle and Isabel Spencer, mentioned in earlier issues, were moved from Whitehaven workhouse to Carlisle gaol, "agreeable to their commitment".

Workington: "the members of the inferior, or bucks club, which has been so beneficial to the publicans in general, this winter, have so scratched one another by breaking heads, blackening eyes, and demolishing noses, that they have not (as some say) had time to rub off their old scores.- The physicians and lawyers, in repairing and adjusting matters, have run away with all the cash upon hands."

"Last week, Mrs. Wilkinson, wife of the late and mother to the present gaoler of Appleby, after having locked up the prisoners, went to the fire side, supposed to warm herself, and fell, upon the grate, with her chin on the uppermost bar, and was found with her head almost burnt off."

"To M. W. a POETICAL EPISTLE, Reciting the Substance of an EVENING'S CONVERSATION with a FRIEND." by C.G. of Penrith. [but apparently not the epistle referred to in previous weeks; the subject of the conversation being the wonders of outer space]. Sample lines:
  "Each fixed star, whose disk, apparent, seems
  No larger than a sparkling diamond's point,
  May safe without hyperbole be deem'd,
  A sun and center of itself compleat,
  Round whose stupendous orb, huge planets roll
  And share, like us, their sun's enliv'ning ray."

5 Apr 1777- SHIPPING:

[Name, Captain, From/to]
30 Mar- Nancy, Spedding, Workington; Peggy, Simon, Carlisle
2 Apr- Eagle Packet, Maxwell, Isleman; Open Boat, Beeby, Allonby
3 Apr- Betty, Smith, Strangford; Ann, Johnson, Kirkcudbright; Mayflower, Barns, Lancaster

31 Mar- Thomas, Carrel, Dublin
1 Apr- King George, Stockbridge; Williamson, Phillipson; Rose, Harrison; Fox, Salkeld, Dublin
2 Apr- Hussar, Gurley, Seas; Nancy, Spedding, Workington
4 [sic] Apr- Jane & Betty, Bell, Carlisle; Eagle Packet, Maxwell, Isleman; Peggy, Simon, Mary Port
4 Apr- Betty, Hannah, Wigton; Robinson, Todhunter, Baltic; Henry, Gilleat; Lovely Nelly, Walker, Norway; Dallemtower, Fell, Dublin


27 Mar- Union, Wiley, Harrington
28 Mar- Seahorse, Kirkpatrick, Dumfries
30 Mar- Fly, McKenzie, Fort William; Betty, Dixon, Dumfries
31 Mar- Betty, Stamper, Cantra
2 Apr- Nancy, Spedding, Whitehaven

27 Mar- Dorset, Allison; Etty, Thompson; Ann & Frances, Crosthwaite; Brothers, Kay; Happy, Jackson; Glory, Lawson; Blyth Ann, Atkinson; Resolution, Hayston; Providence, Brockbank; Matty, Halcrow, Dublin
28 Mar- Endeavour, Atkinson; Industry, Hayston, Dublin
29 Mar- Union, Wiley, Harrington; Clifton, Priestman, Dublin
30 Mar- Nancy, Spedding, Whitehaven
1 Apr- Seahorse, Kirkpatrick, Annan


3 Apr- Success, Nelson, Liverpool

29 Mar- Friends, Fearon; Industry, Key, Drogheda
3 Apr- Wigton, Irvin, Workington
4 Apr- Providence, Brown, Dumfries


3 Apr- Swift, Wood, Isleman

5 Apr 1777- CORN PRICES: (average per Winchester bushel)

Sun, 09.23am, 09.50pm
Mon, 10.18am, 10.45pm
Tue, 11.13am, 11.41pm
Wed, 12.07am, 12.09pm
Thu, 12.37am, 01.06pm
Fri, 01.34am, 02.03pm
Sat, 02.32am, 03.01pm
"Clock fast 3m"

12 Apr 1777:

As in previous issues:
Corkhill's shoe warehouse
Dawson timber & slate
Panacea for the Itch + books from Dunn's [featured book this week: "Reflections on Courtship and Marriage", including Letters to a very young Lady, on her Marriage, by Dean Swift]

"For SALE in PARCEL or single CASKS.
Ten Hogsheads of uncommon fine ANTIGUA SUGAR, some excelle MADEIRA and other WHITE WINE, a Parcel of fine old LEEWARD ISLAND RUM, some RICE, and a few pieces of choice CEDAR." Apply to Samuel Martin Esq., "N..B. The WINE and RUM will be sold very cheap." Dated Whitehaven, 11 Apr 1777.

"Just arrived from LONDON,"
for sale from next Thu at the Assembly Room in Howgill Street, Whitehaven, "a very neat Collection of Goods": musical instruments including "A Fine ton'd double Harpsichord- Spinnets, Bases, Bassoons, Piano Fortes, Barrel Organs, Clarinets, French Horns, Hautboys, Flutes, Fiddles, Fifes, Guitars, Voxhumanes.
A very large Assortment of new & old printed MUSIC; consisting of Sonatos, Concertos, Trios, Voluntaries, Duets, Psalms, Hymns, Song Books, single Songs, and Instruction-books for all Instruments.
Lockets and Crosses, elegant Paste Shoe Buckles, Stock ditto, Knee and Shirt ditto.- Rings, Chains, Seals and Trinkets.- Pen-knives, and Silver Fruit-knives.- Ear-rings, and Pocket Books.- Neat Scissars and Snuffers.- Silver, Ivory, Ebony, and Bone-handle, Knives and Forks.- Shagreen and Mahogany Knife Cases.- Mahogany Razor Cases.- Money Scales and Weights.- Silver-mounted, walking and riding, Canes and Sticks.
Carved and gilt oval Glasses.- Japanned toilet Glasses. Mahogany Pier Glasses.- Oval and square Swing Glasses, and Girandoles.- Great Choice of Drinking Glasses, Decanters, Cruets, and Jelly Glasses.- Stringing for Inlaying.
Patent Tea Trays and Cadies.- Bread Baskets and Cannisters.- Ink-stands and Candlesticks.- Snuffer Trays and Knife Trays.- Waiters of all Sizes.- Bottle Stands. Quadrille Dishes, Snuff Boxes, &c.
Tea Kitchens, and Cruet Frames, Candlesticks, Dish Crosses, Urns, Cannisters, Cadies, Coffee Pots, Tea Pots, Muffineers, Bottle Stands, Ink Stands, Tankards, Pints, Cups, Buckles, Spurs, Spoons, Salts, Bitts, Snaffles, Stirrups, &c.- A large Assortment of Plain Gold and Silver Watches.- Repeating, chased, and stop ditto.- Shagreen engraved, and dog-skin ditto, from one Pound ten Shilings to forty Pounds each. Watch Glasses Threepence each.
A very elegant Assortment of Fans, Prints, Maps, drawing Books and drawing Instruments.- Water Colours and Pencils.- Some curious Sets of Medals of the Kings of England, from William the Conqueror to the present time.- Prospect Glasses, Telescopes, Microscopes, and Opera Glasses.- Great Variety of Toys, and other Goods to tedious to insert.
Any of the above Articles will be sold to the Trade, as cheap as at any Warehouse in the Kingdom.
Harpsichords, Spinnets, and Piano Fortes, tuned and repaired. The Sale to continue Ten Days.
Money for old Gold and Silver, or taken in Exchange.
N.B. The Sale will be at Mr. BECK'S Coffee Room, CARLISLE, in a Fortnight."

12 Apr 1777- NEWS:
Last Mon evening, Ward & Tordiff's pupils performed the tragedy of Cato a second time in the Theatre on Roper Street, Whitehaven. "The novelty of the attempt, by performers so very young, drew numbers of people from the country, both nights, to see the performance, while several genteel families, in town, honoured it with their presence. The young gentlemen seemed to vie with each other for applause, and the discerning audience failed not to reward them with loud plaudits."

Last Sat at Wigton fair "there was the greatest show of black cattle ever remembered there, and great numbers sold at high prices.

General Quarter Sessions of the Peace for Cumberland, in Carlisle last Wed. Trials included: Last Tue, near Whitehaven harbour a seamew was shot which was found to have a wingspan of 5 feet 3 inches.

12 Apr 1777- MARRIED:
Lately at Crosthwaite church, by the Rev. Mr Edmondson, Mr Curwen of Broughton near Cockermouth to Miss Fisher of Thornthwaite.
Lieut. William Archey of the Cumberland battalion of militia to Miss Hodgson of Bothel [date & place not given]

12 Apr 1777- DIED:
Last week at Appleby, "much regretted by his parishioners" the Rev. Mr Tatham, rector of Appleby and brother of the late William Tatham Esq. of Askham Hall, Westmorland.
Last Sun at Cockermouth, Mrs Shawford, age 81 (buried last Wed inside Plumland church). "Last week, very suddenly, Thomas Grainger, of Stoneraise in this county, Esq; much regretted."


Also in this issue is a short essay, headed simply "To the PRINTER", explaining the measures taken by Captain James Cook to preserve the health of his men during his three-year voyage- only one was lost through disease.

12 Apr 1777- SHIPPING:

[Name, Captain, From/to]
4 Apr- Truelove, Littledale, Dublin
5 Apr- James & Thomas, Benn, Carlingford; Benn, Sykes, Lancaster; Molly & Peggy, Donaldson; John, Candlish, Liverpool; Love, Machell; Ratcliffe, Hodgson; Minerva, Rookin; Swan, Bacon; Isabella, Richardson; Catharine, Williams, Dublin
6 Apr- Britannia, Allison; Betty, Wood; Richard, Ledger, Dublin
7 Apr- Eagle Packet; Maxwell, Isleman; James, Brownrigg, Liverpool
8 Apr- Birmingham, Dockray, Ulverstone
9 Apr- Jane & Sally, Nelson, Liverpool; Seahorse, Krkpatrick, Skinverness; Elizabeth, Weaver, Wier Water
10 Apr- Open Boat, Garton, Water Orr; Dan, Angus, Kirkcudbright

4 Apr- Salamander, Davis, Kirkcudbright
5 Apr- Lynx, Banton, Seas; Dove, Dargue; John & Mary, Mayson, Dublin
6 Apr- Peter, Jones, Ulverstone; William & Thomas, Piper; Orange, Losh; Mary & Betty, Jackson; Katy, Fisher; Peace & Plenty, McAdam; Prosperous, Thompson; Expedition, Braithwaite; Saltham, Dawson; Garland, Piper, Dublin
7 Apr- Peggy & Mally, Donaldson, Parton; Eagle Packet, Maxwell, Isleman; Mayflower, Barns, Carlisle; Rachel, Dixon, Dublin
8 Apr- Benn, Sykes, Lancaster; Bella, Steel; Senhouse, Watson; Curwen, Younghusband; Truelove, Littledale; Ratcliffe, Hodgson, Dublin; Tanner, Hamilton, Isleman; Hazard, McGaa, Harrington
9 Apr- Richard, Ledger, Dublin
10 Apr- Jane & Sally, Nelson, Parton


3 Apr- Active, Allison, Newry
4 Apr- Peggy, Hinde, Lancaster; Wilson, Irwen, Ulverstone; Unity, Westray, Dublin
5 Apr- Commerce, Burrel; Musgrave, Sibson, Dublin; Ellen, Hart, Ulverstone
6 Apr- Three Brothers, Lawrence, Belfast; Friends, Fearon, Drogheda; Henry & Joseph, Tickell, Dublin; Warrington, Ashley, Belfast; Blessing, Course, Chester
7 Apr- Venus, Messenger, Drogheda; Lark, Armstrong, Rogerstown
10 Apr- Nancy, Davis, Newry

6 Apr- Tryal, Asbridge; Vigilant, Wilson; Ann, Marshall; Felicity, Atkinson; Bolton, Scott; Rose, Steel; Greystock, Clark; Triton, Marshall; Liberty, Wilkes; Dove, Hargrove; Speedwell, Lawrence; Vine, Martindale; Delight, Bulteel; Diligence, Tickell, Dublin
8 Apr- Portland, Watson; Unity, Westray; Commerce, Burrel, Dublin
9 Apr- Venus, Messenger; Warrington, Ashley, Dublin


5 Apr- Rose, Fearon, Dublin
7 Apr- James, Key, Drogheda; Union, Wiley; Wigton, Irvin, Workington
9 Apr- Hazard, McGaa, Whitehaven; Jenny, Irvin, Dumfries

6 Apr- Mermaid, Briscoe; Love, Barns; Renown, Bacon, Dublin
7 Apr- Union, Wiley, Workington
9 Apr- Rose, Fearon, Dublin; James, Key, Dundalk; Success, Nelson, Kirkcudbright
10 Apr- Jenny, Irvin, Dumfries


4 Apr- Hope, Inman, Dublin
5 Apr- Peggy, Simond, Whitehaven; Liberty, Huddert; Integrity, Peele; Nancy, Collin; Experiment, Collin, Dublin
7 Apr- Ranger, Graham, Wigton
8 Apr- Peggy, Hinde, Lancaster; Trial, Holiday, Kirkcudbright; Phoenix, Metcalf, Dublin

4 Apr- Friends Goodwill, Fawcett, Dublin
5 Apr- Griffin, Potts, Dublin
6 Apr- Ruby, Scurr; Molly, Hayston; Commerce, Robinson, Dublin; Swift, Wood, Isleman
7 Apr- Hope, Inman; Matilda, Dickenson, Dublin; Peggy, Simond; Ranger, Graham, Kirkcudbright; Peggy, Hinde, Carlisle
9 Apr- Nancy, Collin, Memel

12 Apr 1777- CORN PRICES: (average per Winchester bushel)

Sun, 03.29am, 03.58pm
Mon, 04.25am, 04.53pm
Tue, 05.19am, 05.45pm
Wed, 06.09am, 06.34pm
Thu, 06.57am, 07.20pm
Fri, 07.42am, 08.04pm
Sat, 08.25am, 08.45pm
"Clock and Sun" [sic]

19 Apr 1777:

As in previous issues:
Sugar, wine, rum etc.
Sale at Howgill Street Assembly Room (heading changed to "Just arrived from LONDON", but Carlisle sale still to be "in a fortnight")
Clock-work at the Turk & French Horn (heading changed to "For a few Nights only")

Stolen or strayed from the grounds at Wood-End near Egremont, a dark bay mare, "twelve Hands high or thereabouts, switched Tail, not Set, the far Ear slit, and a square Fire Mark upon the near Side; the Mane and Tail rather inclined to black, and had two or three white Saddle Marks".
"The said Mare has been missing near three Weeks, and had no Shoes on when taken away." Reward for information leading to retrieval; contact the printer of the paper. Dated 19 Apr.

Issue 1 of "The Whole Works of Flavius Josephus" in 70 parts, available locally from J. Dunn at Whitehaven and A. Ashburner at Lancaster, price 6d.

wanting a Freight, to Carmarthen, at Eight Shilllings per Ton, to be expeditiously loaden with Iron Ore at Coneyshead Bank, or Iuleth Marsh (both near Ulverstone) and as expeditously discharged, at Carmarthen, may apply to JOHN SHAW, of Lindale, near Ulverstone aforesaid."

Joseph Threlfall has taken over the Fleece Inn, Ulverstone, following the death of the previous landlord John Janson "and has begun the Carrying Business betwixt Ulverstone and Lancaster. Promises "Punctuality and Dispatch as a Carrier: And also, at the said Inn, they may be assured of the best of Liquors, and all other good Accommodations" ... "N.B. Neat POST CHAISE and able HORSES." Dated 10 Apr.

[+ 1 book advert of no Cumbrian relevance, + sale by auction at Liverpool of the cargo of a ship captured in Virginia]

19 Apr 1777- NEWS:
[Newcastle: The farewell performance of Mr Heatton was scheduled for last night, playing Roger in the Austin & Whitlock company's version of the farce "The Ghost"]

On 9 Apr, George Fearon, William Fearon & William Storey, gaoled at Carlisle on suspicion of murdering John Little "were brought before the Right Hon. Earl Mansfield, at his Lordship's house, in London, and were ordered to be admitted to bail."

Whitehaven: Last Wed, "at the proof of a few pieces of cannon, behind the North Wall, near this harbour, one of them burst, a piece of which, weighing 19½lb, flew upwards of three hundred yards, fell through the roof of a house, in Hicks'-lane, and stuck in the ceiling of the second room; another piece fell near a man working in a timber yard, and several more were thrown a considerable distance,- notwithstanding a number of people were not far off the place, providentially no person was hurt."

Whitehaven area: Thu, about 1pm "the wind suddenly changed from S.W. to N.E. and blew excessive strong, in the evening some snow fell, and we had a very hard frost, for the season, at night- during the gale, two small boats, drudging for oysters, a considerable distance from St. Bees Head, were in great danger of foundering, but a larger boat, being on the bank and perceiving their situation, went and took them up."

"There is now a Tulip in full bloom, in the garden of Mr. John Nicholson at Egremont."

Last Wed "one Gowan Hutchinson, of St. Bees, returning home, from carrying manure to his grounds, with a horse and cart,- while he was riding on the fore part of the cart, the horse took fright, and threw him off, and he not quitting hold of the halter, as supposed, was dragged a considerable distance, and at last the cart wheel went over him, by which accident he had several of his ribs broke and was otherwise much bruised- we are sorry to add that he now lies dangerously ill."

At the annual cattle fair at the market town of Bootle on 26 Apr "it is expected great numbers will be shewn".

19 Apr 1777- MARRIED:
Last Mon at Ulverstone church, Mr Joseph Nicholson, tanner of Irton, to Miss Preston of Ulverstone.
A few days ago, Mr John Wilkinson of Arkelby to Miss Bushby of Bothel.

POEM: (Anonymous, but "For the CUMBERLAND CHRONICLE") "THOUGHTS AT THE PLOW"; first stanza:
"With toilsome steps, when I pursue,
O'er breaking clods, the plow-share's way,
Lord! Teach my mental eye to view
My native dissoluble clay."

[Pam Manning (see 25 Mar) notes that versions of this poem appeared in various collections in the late 18th century under the title "The Husbandman's Meditation in the Field", for example on page 179 in volume 2 of the 1794 edition of Addison's "Interesting Anecdotes, Memoirs, Allegories, Essays, and Poetical Fragments". Neither of us has yet been able to establish with certainty the date and place of first publication- or, unfortunately, the author's name.]

19 Apr 1777- SHIPPING:

[Name, Captain, From/to]
12 Apr- Betty & Nancy, Hudson; Powel, Huddleston; Sedgwick, Welsh; Peggy, Ramsey; Pleasant, Dickenson; Boyne, Coulthard; John & Thomas, Yeoman, Dublin; Mally, Caffrey, Mallowhide
13 Apr- Eagle Packet, Maxwell, Isleman; Allison, Adamson; Ledger, Hodgson, Dublin; Open Boat, Cain, Kirkcudbright; Nelly, Briggs, Water Orr
14 Apr- Providence, Brown, Dumfries; Mary Ann, Robinson, Belfast; Nancy, Spedding, Workington; Jenny & Betty, Bell, Carlisle; Jane, McGowan; Venus, Kirk, Kirkcudbright; Trial, Briggs, Dumfries; Glorys Increase, Machell, Dublin
15 Apr- Esther, Major, Isleman; Dolphin, Hesket, Sarkfoot
17 Apr- Kitty, Park, Ravenglass; Betty, Dixon, Workington; Charming Jenny, Carson, Kirkcudbright
18 Apr- Anna, Caileen, Chester

12 Apr- Birmingham, Dockray, Workington
14 Apr- Betty, Clare; Love, Machell; Britannia, Harrison; Minerva, Rookin; Sedgwick, Welsh, Dublin; Tryton, Martindale, West Indies; Eagle Packet, Maxwell, Isleman
15 Apr- Peggy, Ramsey; James & Thomas, Benn; Betty & Nancy, Hudson, Dublin, Betty, Smith, Lancaster; Elizabeth, Weaver, Wier Water; Dann, Angus, Liverpool; John, Candlish, Whithorn
16 Apr- Pleasant, Dickenson, Parton; Open Boat, McGarren, Water Orr; Open Boat, Cain, Isleman; Mary Ann, Robinson, Belfast
17 Apr- Jenny & Betty, Bell, Carlisle; Dolphin, Hesket, Allonby; John & Thomas, Yeowart, Norway; Esther, Major, Isleman; Jane, McGowan, Wigton; Swan, Bacon, Memel
18 Apr- Isabella, Fisher; Ledger, Hodgson; Boyne, Coulthard, Dublin


12 Apr- Mally, Messenger, Dublin; Gale, Temple; Brothers, Skelton, Dundalk; Success, Barns, Drogheda
13 Apr- Nelly, Burnet, Isleman; Industry, Key, Drogheda
14 Apr- Nancy, Little, Isleman

14 Apr- Hazard, McGaa, Wicklow


10 Apr- William & Jenny, Hill, Seafeld
11 Apr- Unity, Barrow; William & Fanny, Hayton, Ulverstone
12 Apr- Charming Jenny, Walker; Hawk, Smith; Pomona, Kay; Liffey, Grayson; Heart of Oak, Curwen, Dublin; Providence, Richardson, Mallahide; Birmingham, Dockray, Whitehaven; Endeavour, Pilkington, Ulverstone
13 Apr- Mermaid, Ruth, Chepstow; Brothers, Kay, Dublin; Jane & Mary, Barns, Skerries

14 Apr- Nancy, Spedding, Whitehaven; Flimby, McKenzie, Mary Port; Wilson, Irwin, Duddon
15 Apr- Ellen, Hart, Ulverstone; William & Jenny, Hill, Carlisle


12 Apr- Patience, Huddart; Marigold, Steel; Providence, Brockbank; Bella, Thursby; Assistance, Hutchinson; Favourite, Grave; Henry, Clark, Dublin; Morning Star, Messenger, Drogheda; Mary, Waite, Isleman
13 Apr- Britain, Harrison, Bangor; Agnes & Betty, Bell, Belfast
14 Apr- Ranger, Graham, Dumfries

14 Apr- Tryal, Holiday, Kirkcudbright


Sun, 09.06am, 09.27pm
Mon, 09.47am, 10.08pm
Tue, 10.29am, 10.50pm
Wed, 11.12am, 11.34pm
Thu, 11.56am, 12.07pm
Fri, 12.18am, 12.41pm
Sat, 01.05am, 01.29pm
"Clock slow 2m"

26 Apr 1777:

As in previous issues:
Freight to Carmarthen
Fleece Inn
Panacea for the Itch from J. Dunn (no book adverts)
Turlington's Original Balsam of Life from J. Dunn

J. Dunn book adverts and patent medicines list precede rather than follow the "Panacea" advert; this week highlighting "The New Polite Instructor".

"Lately Strayed or Conveyed" from a field near Kirkbythore in Westmorland- light grey mare "with a long Tail, never cut, a rough Main, rather fly-bitten upon her Head, and about fourteen Hands high". Reward for information leading to retrieval; contact William Olivant of Kirkbythore, Mr Cannon of Dockrey-Hall near Penrith, Mr Holm of Shap, Mr Bowness of Orton, Mr Wilson of Ravenstonedale or Mr William Barnet of Kirkbysteven. Dated Appleby, 21 Apr.

"I JOHN WOODEND, of Barnetts, in the Parish of Bootle, and County of Cumberland, Taylor, Do hereby declare and acknowledge, that the Report which I had the Misfortune, sometime since, to spread abroad that Mr. ANTHONY PARKER, of Tarn, in Bootle aforesaid, had shot at, and wounded, a Horse belonging to one HANNAH HUDDLESTON, and her Sister ANN, was entirely FALSE and without any Foundation, and therefore, I hereby ask his Pardon.

"To COVER this SEASON. The fine ARABIAN ASS, THE Property of Mr. JOHN WOOD, of Torpenhow"; now rising 7 years old, 13 hands high, free from blemishes "and remarkably safe in getting of Foals; several of his get, at Two Years old, have been sold for upwards of Twenty Guineas each, in and about Colchester in Essex". 5s a leap, half a guinea for serving out, or 15s for a foal, and 1s (payable at the time of covering) for the servant. "N.B. Any Person who had a MARE covered with him, last Season, which did not prove with Foal, may have the same, or any other Mare of his, covered by him this Season, Gratis. Will attend at Cockermouth (generally Mondays), Wigton (Tue), Keswick (Sat) and Torpenhow (any other day).

"The Order respecting the Advertisement, from Appleby, came to Hand too late.- We request our friends to favour us with their advertisements as early as possible on Saturday morning. These coming to hand sometimes rather late has prevented the publication of the Chronicle, till late on Saturday evening.
*** Advertisements of a moderate length inserted at 3s. 6d. each."

26 Apr 1777- NEWS:
Whitehaven: The weather this past week has been "very boisterous, and uncommonly cold here, for the season"- violent hail shower on Thu, another on Fri, plus snow. "Several people from the country inform us that the corn sown three weeks ago hath not yet appeared above ground."

Last Tue, at Cockermouth "a generous subscription was opened ... for a ring of bells, a new church clock and chimes."

There is allegedly a family in Lamplugh consisting of 3 husbands, 3 wives, 3 sons & 2 daughters, making a total of 7 people.

Near Whitehaven: "About a fortnight ago, a sow, belonging to Mr. John Wright, farmer at Howe Hall ... farrowed 1x pigs, after being at the boar, only, 2 weeks and 5 days.- What is very remarkable, they were all in full perfection, and are now living." [Second figure of total illegible due to page crease].

"At Cockermouth, on Thursday night, Mr. Hadwen's ball was very brilliant, his Scholars performed their different dances much to the satisfaction of the ladies and gentlemen present."

At Patterdale "near Keswick", the 4-year old only daughter of Mr. Jonathan Grisdale, while playing in the farm-yard, sat on the tail-board of a cart, "which had been left standing up". The wheels gave way and the cart fell on her "and killed her on the spot".

26 Apr 1777- MARRIED:
A few days ago at Addingham, Mr Thomas Cockshot, aged 72, to Miss Lister, aged 22.

26 Apr 1777- DIED:
Lately at Carlisle, "Mrs. Jane Adderton, a maiden lady, aged 70. She has left the greatest part of her fortune, which was very considerable, to Mr. Lupton of Carlisle."

NO POEM [due to inclusion of a very long report of a House of Lords debate about a proposed increase in Civil List payments to the King]

26 Apr 1777- SHIPPING:

[Name, Captain, From/to]
20 Apr- Wells, Collins, Cork; Eagle Packet, Maxwell, Isleman; Two Sisters, Folkes, Conway
21 Apr- Constant Trader, Griffis, Bristol
22 Apr- Fox, Salkeld; Betsy, Armstrong; Friendship, Pearson; Three Brothers, Tindall; Creswell, Johnson; Benn, McMellan; Loyalty, Thompson; Rose, Harrison; Olive Branch, Angus; Seaflower, Gibbons; Prince of Wales, Briggs; Lark, Anderson, Mallahide; Allice, Manton, Donnaghadee
23 Apr- Williamson, Phillipson; John & Mary, Mayson; Mary & Betty, Jackson; William, Pennyman; Resolution, Banks, Dublin; Hannah, Mossop; Betty, Palmer; Howgill, McDonald, Cork
24 Apr- Jenny, Linsey, Kirkcudbright; King George, Stockbridge, Dublin
25 Apr- Benjamin, Simm, Kirkcudbright; Mary Ann, Robinson, Belfast; Betty, Hannah; Success, Agnew; Mary & Kitty, Eglon, Wigton; Thomas, Carrel, Wexford; Charlotte, Stewart; Cumberland, Wilson; Bella, Steel; Lively, Watts; Dove, Dargue; Garland, Piper, Dublin; Dispatch, Lawson, Isleman; Laurel, Stuart; Delight, Roach, Cork; Friends Goodwill, Fawcet, Drogheda

18 Apr- Ann, Thompson; Glory's Increase, Marshall, Dublin
19 Apr- Nancy, Spedding, Workington; Catharine, Williams; Allison, Adamson, Dublin; Ceres, Moor, Riga; Venus, Kirk, Kirkcudbright; Providence, Brown, Dumfries
22 Apr- Tryal, Briggs, Dumfries; Anna, Casteen, Harrington
23 Apr- Allice, Manton, Liverpool


20 Apr- James, Selby; Deborah, Brockbank, Isleman
23 Apr- Peggy, Blake; Friends, Fearon, Dundalk; Royal Oak, Scott, Drogheda

19 Apr- Success, Barns; Gale, Temple, Belfast; Mary, Lashley, Dundalk
21 Apr- Nancy, Little, Isleman


16 Apr- Bella, Crosthwaite, Cantra
17 Apr- Peggy, McKellort, Harrington; Betty, Dixon, Whitehaven
19 Apr- Nancy, Spedding, Whitehaven
20 Apr- William, Hudson, Dublin; Happy, Jackson, Dundalk; Lowther, Lawrence, Kinsale; Willon, Irwin, Duddon
21 Apr- Endeavour, Atkinson, Belfast; Truelove, Curwen, Dublin
22 Apr- Love, Barnes; Ann & Frances, Crosthwaite, Dublin; Greystock, Clark, Drogheda; Speedwell, Jackson; Resolution, Hayton, Belfast
23 Apr- Active, Allison, Newry; Diligence, Tickell; Clifton, Priestman; Bolton, Scott; Industry, Hayston, Drogheda; Tryal, Asbridge; Etty, Thompson; Blyth Ann, Atkinson, Belfast
24 Apr- Happy Return, Sparks, Drogheda

16 Apr- Peggy, Brown, Mary Port; Birmingham, Dockray, Carlisle
18 Apr- Betty, Stamper; Lark, Armstrong, Dublin
19 Apr- Friends, Fearon; Jane & Mary, Barns, Dublin; Henry & Joseph, Tickell, Memel; Mary, Parkin, Ulverstone; Unity, Barrow, Obon
20 Apr- Pallas, Kelsick; Diligence, Thompson, Dublin; Three Brothers, Lawrence, Belfast
21 Apr- Heart of Oak, Curwen, Mary Port


19 Apr- Tryal, Hollday, Kirkcudbright
21 Apr- Heart of Oak, Curwen, Dublin
22 Apr- Mary & Betty, Thornburn, Dublin; Mary, Pearson, Belfast; Sally, Bell; Welcome, Osborn, Drogheda
23 Apr- Mermaid, Briscoe, Drogheda; Mary, Lonsdale, Peel; Jenny, Kenselly; Hope, Inman; Friendship, Thompson, Dublin
25 Apr- Rachael & Mary, Smith, Dublin

18 Apr- Ranger, Graham, Kirkcudbright
19 Apr- Patience, Sibson, Memel; Mary, Waite; Phoenix, Metcalf, Dublin

26 Apr 1777- CORN PRICES: (average per Winchester bushel)

Sun, 01.54am, 02.20pm
Mon, 02.46am, 03.12pm
Tue, 03.39am, 04.05pm
Wed, 04.31am, 04.58pm
Thu, 05.25am, 05.51pm
Fri, 06.18am, 06.34pm
Sat, 07.11am, 07.37pm
"Clock slow 2m"