Senhora Small Fry, from PastPresented

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Abbreviations- personal names: Robert Southey hereafter "RS"; Mary Barker "MB"; William Wordsworth "WW"; Dorothy Wordsworth "DW"; Sara Hutchinson "SH"
Abbreviations- book titles:
  • Curry: "New Letters of Robert Southey", edited by Kenneth Curry (1965. 2 volumes)
  • Coburn: "The Letters of Sara Hutchinson", edited by Kathleen Coburn (1954)
  • Life & Corr.: "The Life and Correspondence of Robert Southey", edited by the Rev. Charles Cuthbert Southey (1850. 6 volumes)
  • Warter: "Selections from the Letters of Robert Southey", edited by John Wood Warter (1856. 4 volumes)
  • W Letters: "The Letters of William and Dorothy Wordsworth" edited by E. de Selincourt & others (2nd edition, c1970, several volumes)
Page & topicNotes
40-41: Greta Hall estate advertsThe first advertisement is copied from the Cumberland Pacquet, 17 Jun 1817. Howe and Woof, in "Greta Hall: Home of Coleridge and Southey" by H.W. Howe (1977) state that the estate was also advertised in the London Courier, 5 Jun 1817.
The revised version appeared in the Cumberland Pacquet, 1 Jul 1817. It also appeared in the Carlisle Patriot, 5 Jul 1817, and possibly other local papers (as possibly did the first version, which I have not checked). Both the "Pacquet" and "Patriot" versions state that the Lodge was built four years ago.
The revised sale date appears in the Carlisle Patriot on 12 Jul 1817 (again, probably also in the Pacquet and others which I have not checked).
41: DW visits MB's new house; SH dittoSH to Thomas Monkhouse, 28 Aug 1817, in Coburn: ..."Miss W & Willy are in Borrowdale"... +
letter from Joanna Hutchinson to W. Monkhouse at Stow, from Rydal Mount, 16 Sep [1817], in Wordsworth Trust collection (ref. H/1/8/33), describing the return over the Stake to Langdale, and mentioning SH's proposed visit.
41: Pitt's StaffordshireSpelling "Welch" is as in the book.
41: Miss Fletcher's advertIn the Cumberland Pacquet, 6 Aug 1816, page 3:
EDUCATION For a limited Number of Young Ladies.

MISS FLETCHER, assisted by Miss HILL and Miss M. FLETCHER, endeavours by every Means in her Power, to promote the general Improvement of the young Ladies intrusted to her Care. The greater Part of the Winter Evenings are devoted to Reading.- Miss FLETCHER is anxious to improve the moral Dispositions of her Pupils, and to direct their Minds to the Attainment of every Quality that forms a good and amiable Character.

Board, 30 Guines per Annum; including English Grammar, Geography History, and general Information; Needle and Fancy Work.
Day Boarders, 11 Guineas per Annum. Day Scholars above Seven Years of Age, Six Guineas: under that Age, 5 Guineas. Entrance 1 Guinea.
French and Italian, 4 Guineas per Annum. Music, 6 Guineas. Harp Instructions, 6 Guineas. Entrance to each 1 Guinea. Writing and Arithmetic, 3 Guineas. Drawing, 4 Guineas. Use of the Globes, 10s. and 6d. per Annum.
[right-pointing hand sign] Washing a separate Charge. The young Ladies provide their own Chamber Linen, a Dessert and Tea Spoon. The Vacations, Five Weeks at Midsummer and a Month at Christmas,
A Quarter's Notice is requested before the Removal of any Young Lady; or a Quarter to be paid.
Accounts to be settled Half Yearly.
Ambleside, Aug. 1816.

[A search of Westmorland papers from 1814-17 might well be fruitful.]
41-42: Miss Fletcher's school closedThe school premises are advertised in the Cumberland Pacquet for 18 Mar 1818:
Ladies Boarding School.

To be LET, with immediate Possession,
-A handsome new built House, in a remarkably salubrious Situation, and in a very genteel Neighbourhood; at AMBLESIDE, near Windermere Lake, which has been some Time occupied as a Ladies Boarding School.
The above Premises are well worth the Attention of any Lady desirous of entering into such a Concern;- have many peculiar Advantages;- the Rent very low; the Coach passing to and from Kendal to Whitehaven daily;- within One Hundred Yards of the Church, and Medical Assistance;- and many other Conveniences.
The whole of the FURNITURE, if required, together with the Musical Instruments, Music, and other Books, &c. &c. may be taken at a Valuation.
For further Particulars, and a View, apply to Mr PEARSON, Ambleside.
12 Mar 1818.

Miss Dowling must have been lined up as a possible successor by about this time, judging from DW's letter to SH on Easter Tuesday [24 Mar 1818- in W Letters], referring to previous discussion about Miss Dowling. Miss D's takeover is further chronicled in DW's letter to Mrs Clarkson in London [29 Mar 1818- also in W Letters] and SH's to Thomas Monkhouse in London, 13 Apr [1818- in Coburn].

A postscript to the story appears in Morley, Edith J. (Ed.) "The Correspondence of Henry Crabb Robinson with the Wordsworth Circle" Vol 1. (Oxford, 1927); letter from Dorothy Wordsworth to H.C.R., 3 Mar 1822:
asks H.C.R. whether "if you have opportunity you would tell Mrs Montagu that I never recommended Miss Fletcher as a Governess. She has very good dispositions & I believe a good temper. She was thought by many (but of this we are no judges) to be able to give instruction in Music, and I have reason to think she has a sufficient knowledge of French; but she was very deaf when resident in this country; and though I am told this infirmity did not hinder her from detecting false notes & perceiving gradations of sound in music, I am afraid she would be utterly unfit to give accurate instructions in other matters .. not to speak of the ill effects that might be produced on the manners and habits of Children by being under the government of a deaf person. I was quite shocked to hear of 'exertions made by me'- The Fact is that poor Miss Fletcher wrote to Mrs W. & me requesting us to recommend her. This letter I replied to telling her that neither Mrs W. nor I were judges of her qualifications in many points, & that we could not know in what degree her unfortunate deafness might disable her from giving instructions; adding that those Ladies who had employed her would be the judges of this.
I suspect that Miss F has copied those parts of my letter in which I spoke of our favorable opinion- omitting all that was said of our incompetence to judge, & of our apprehensions concerning her deafness. Otherwise Miss Benson could not have supposed that I would recommend her as a Governess. Miss Fletcher is a good kind-hearted creature, & I wish it were in my power to serve her; but should never think, whatever were my means, of attempting to do it in that way. Do excuse this long story, which, if you were not the kindest creature in the world, I should not have oppressed you with (and this is what you get by your kindness)." ...
42: State of Borrowdale houseThe house is described in a letter from Mrs Coleridge to Thomas Poole, 4 Jun 1819 (in "Minnow Among Tritons") as "half finished".
42: Borrowdale social lifeHere is an extract from Sarah Youdale's [so she is spelled in official documents, though "Yewdale" is also used] description of life in Borrowdale, from "Borrowdale in the Old Time" (1869):
... "Keswick market was'nt muich of a market at aw. Borrowdale fwok used to gang ower t'Steeak, an hire their sarvants, an' sell their garn at Hawkshead; but was a lang way an' a rough rwoad;"... "Fra November to Cannelmas we'd nowt but frost an' snaw, an' varra seldom dud t' snaw git off t' fell tops befwore Midsummer. A' can mind when it was a varra common thing to hev to takt geavelick to breck t' ice i' t' beck for coos to drink. What, a' can remember when Darran was yance frozen ower for thirteen week. But we've nowt o' that swort noo, nur nea sec fine summers." ... "Theear war better scholars lang sen that ther ur noo twenty times over. T'skeul was nearly allus towt be t' preest, an' ivvery farmer's son was kept gaen tu t' skeul tull he was varra nar twenty. Many a man theer was in Borrowdale than, and theear's a few on 'em left still, 'at larnt Latin an could write a hand like copperplate an deuaan t' hardest questens i' t' coonten beuk." ...
42-3: William Green's descriptionsee notes to page 38: Identification of MB's house.
42: PictureDetail from a postcard, postmarked 1906. Cards from just a few years earlier (c1900) omit the right-hand extension of the porch and the chimney-hoods. Behind where the car is standing, they also appear to show that the opening below the third window of the lower part of the house is another door; unfortunately, at that time ivy was growing very thickly on that part of the wall, and details are obscured. The outbuildings glimpsed at right do not appear on either the Tithe Award map or the first edition of the Ordnance Survey (c1860); they were probably built when the house was converted to an hotel, about 1870.
43: Two public houses in RosthwaiteLicensing records for the early part of the 19th century are sketchy, and the annual series at Carlisle Record Office is far from complete. Rosthwaite tends to be considered as simply part of Borrowdale township (or even Crosthwaite parish), but certainly in the 1820s (ref. C/Q/L/3/1 and C/Q/L/3/2) the only licensed houses in the whole of Borrowdale were Mary Coates' "Miner's Arms" (which was at Rosthwaite according to trade directories) and Thomas Richardson's "Stephenson's Arms" (at Lodore). It is possible that another house in Rosthwaite provided accommodation without serving alcohol.
43: Royal Oak as "principal edifice"Charles Mackay "The Scenery and Poetry of the English Lakes" (1846): "At Rosthwaite, where there is a small but comfortable inn- the principal edifice in the hamlet- the three vales, which together form the district of Borrowdale diverge."
43: DW and friends visitThe Scafell Letter, 7 Oct 1818, in "Journals of Dorothy Wordsworth", ed. E. de Selincourt (1941) +
DW to Jane Marshall, at Hallsteads, [14] Oct [1818], in W Letters.
The "Wordsworth's Guide" version, with notes on some variants from the original, is in the Leisure section of the Eskdale Project pages on
44: Tom Southey in NewlandsRawnsley, H.D. "Life and nature at the English Lakes" (1899): ..."the beautiful farmhouse beneath Causey Pike, where his brother, Tom Southey the retired sea captain, came to reside on Lady Day of 1819. ... the goal of many of Southey's walks..." [Identified in Rawnsley's "Literary Associations of the English Lakes" (1894) as Emerald Bank; also in both books is given the local pronunciation of the name "Soothey"]
44: Greta Lodge leaseAs Southey put it in a letter to W.S. Landor, quoted in Howe & Woof "Greta Hall: Home of Coleridge and Southey" (1977), the Greta Hall estate had been purchased in 1817 "by a silversmith in Cockspur Street, a native of Borrodale here. An injunction against the sale was obtained in favour of the widow of a former owner; the matter is in Chancery; the actual landlord is in Carlisle jail and I am paying rent to a mortgagee." This was Sara Wood, for whom the pre-1817 owner, Samuel Tolson jnr., appears in effect to have been acting as agent. Details of payments have been preserved in a notebook now at Keswick Museum: the mortgage, for £1,200, had been entered into on 6 April 1815, but payments recorded in the book begin after the 1817 sale attempt- sort of. MB's half-year payment of £17/10/6 due at Michaelmas 1817 was actually paid on 22 Jan 1818; her Lady Day 1818 payment on 14 Sep 1818; her Michaelmas 1818 payment on 13 Nov 1818. Her final payment, for Lady Day 1819, was made on 5 June, with a bill drawn on a London bank account, by MB's agent Mr Edmunds. The only other reference in the notebook to a payment for Greta Lodge is to the payment of various bills by Clark, on 9 Oct 1819.
See also note on Greta Lodge to let, below.
44: MB goes to BoulogneSH to Thomas Monkhouse, 7 May [1819], in Coburn.
44: Mrs Coleridge's "obituary" on MBMrs Coleridge to Thomas Poole, 4 Jun 1819, in "Minnow Among Tritons"
44: Greta Lodge to letEvidently Mrs Coleridge's friend (a Mr Kenyon) was not interested. The Lodge was advertised in the Cumberland Pacquet 22 Jun 1819 [+ 2 weeks following- may also be in other local papers not checked]:
In the Vale of Keswick, Cumberland
To be LET,- all that beautiful Residence, or Premises, situate within a short Distance of Keswick, called GREATA LODGE; consisting of a compact and tasteful Dwelling House, containing Braekfast and Dining Rooms, with Pantry, Kitchen, and Scullery, on the Ground Floor; and Three Bed Rooms, and an elegant Drawing Room, Twenty Feet Square, above; Stable, Barn, and other Offices; two Gardens, an Orchard, and Plot of Ornamental Ground, in Front, neatly laid out with Walks.
The Dwelling House, &c. stand on an Eminence richly ornamented with Trees, and command full Views of the celebrated Lakes of Derwent and Bassenthwaite, and the Romantic Alpine Scenery of Borrowdale, Newlands, Skiddaw, and Buttermere Mountains.
Possession to be given immediately; and for further Particulars, apply to JOSEPH TOLSON, Esq., 20, New Bond Street, London, or at the Office of Mr. MORRISON, Attorney at Law, Maryport.
Messrs. CLARK and GRAY, of Keswick, will Shew the Premises.
Maryport, 19 June, 1819"

It seems the adverts may not have been successful, as another appeared in the Pacquet on 16 May 1820- again with imediate possession. This seems to have done the trick, as the next advert is not until 1825, when the new tenant moved out:
Cumberland Pacquet, 7 Jun 1825 (summary only): Greata Lodge to let, with immediate entry. "lately built": 2 sitting rooms, pantry & scullery on first floor; 4 "convenient bed chambers, and an elegant Drawing Room" 21ft x 17.5ft on second story. Describes view ("not to be surpassed in the North of England"). Lately occupied by Joseph Fisher, Esq. Also to let is High Mill Banks ("rich Arable Land" c 2 acres), also lately in possession of J.F. The properties are "situate on the Banks of the Greata, presenting a fine champaign appearance, are properly sheltered with Wood, not more than a few Minutes walk to Keswick, and would prove a most desirable Residence to the admirer of Picturesque and Native Beauty." Enquiries to Mr Robinson, attorney of Maryport; to view, contact the former tenant at Keswick, who "will send a Person on Application to show the Premises." Maryport, 3 Jun 1825. [also in 21 Jun issue]
44-45: Borrowdale holiday homeDW to Joanna Hutchinson, 5 Sep 1819, in W Letters, mentions Mary Wordsworth & Mrs Luff's intended visit in September, which suggests that the house was being maintained for holiday lets- and that it had perhaps been in commercial use during the summer. See also note on Borrowdale House 1820 below.
44: MB in BoulogneSH to Thomas Monkhouse in London, from Rydal Mount, 4 Aug [1819], in Coburn, +
DW to Joanna Hutchinson, 5 Sep 1819, in W Letters.
45: SH missing MBSH to Miss Hutchinson, Hindwell, Radnor, from Rydal Mount, 27 Feb 1820, in Coburn, +
SH to Thomas Monkhouse, 28 Queen Anne Street, 30 Apr [1820], in Coburn.
45: Wordsworths' tour planSH to Thomas Monkhouse, 28 Queen Anne Street, 30 Apr [1820], in Coburn.
45: Wordsworths' outward journey + PearsonMrs Wordsworth to SH at Rydal Mount, from Souldern, 30 May 1820, in "The Letters of Mary Wordsworth, 1800-1855" edited by Mary E. Burton (1958) +
DW in London to Dora W. at Rydal Mount, 23 Jun 1820, in W Letters
45: Borrowdale house 1820 visitsSH to Mrs Wordsworth at Geneva (poste restante), 16 Aug [1820] (including the observation that "Sally ... has not been lucky enough to let the house this year"- implying that she had done the previous year) +
SH to John Monkhouse, Stow near Hay, 7 Sep [1820] +
, both in Coburn.
46:Borrowdale & MB suggestionsSH to Mrs Wordsworth, at Paris (poste restante), 19 Sep [1820], in Coburn.
46: Wordsworths at BoulogneMrs Wordsworth to Thomas Monkhouse in London, from Boulogne [with PS from Dover, Wed morning], Sun 5 Nov [1820], in "Letters of Mary Wordsworth" as above +
DW "Journal of a Tour on the Continent- 1820" (entries for 29 October etc.)
46: Wordsworths return to England etc. DW (in or near London, soon to leave for Playford Hall) to "Mademoiselle Barker, Rue de l'Oratoire, Boulogne-sur-Mer, France", 21 Nov [1820], transcript in the Wordsworth Trust collection, +
letter from young Sara Coleridge at Greta Hall to Elizabeth Crumpe at Liverpool, 12 Nov 1820, in the Wordsworth Trust collection (ref. A/SC/2 page 5)
47: Funeral of WilsyRS letter, 11 Mar 1820, in Warter: "We have lost poor Wilsy, and I have this day seen her laid in the grave. She had for some time been sinking gradually under the weight of seventy-seven years. her memory with regard to recent occurrences was quite gone..."
47: Borrowdale house in 1821WW (but written by MW because his eyes are bad) to John Kenyon at Leamington, from Rydal Mount, 22 Sep 1821, in W Letters +
SH to Mrs [Mary] Hutchinson, from Rydal Mount, 27 Sep [1821], in Coburn.
47: Borrowdale house in 1822DW to Edward Quillinan at Lea Priory, Wingham, Kent, from Rydal Mount, 6 Aug 1822, in W Letters.
47-49: SH visits BoulogneSH to Thomas Monkhouse, London, from Boulogne, [28 Jun 1823] +
SH to Miss Joanna Hutchinson at Hindwell, Radnor, from Boulogne, 12 Jul [1823] +
SH to Thomas Monkhouse, Ramsgate, from Boulogne, Wed 22 Jul [1823], all in Coburn.
NB I suspect that the place-name "Capieure" may be an editor's misreading of an original SH mis-spelling "Capicure".
49: PlanIn removing the details of the dock area I have guessed at the earlier shape of the estuary, based on the routes of roads and railways (all railways are omitted from this plan for obvious reasons). For some reason it seems inordinately difficult to find pre-Michelin detailed mapping of France.
49-50: Crabb Robinson in Boulogne"Diary, Reminiscences and Correspondence of Henry Crabb Robinson, Barrister at Law, F.S.A." Edited by Thomas Sadler (1872): 9-10 Oct 1823, Boulogne: "I had amusement in the company of a character, Miss Barker. She lived formerly in the Vale of Borrowdale, where she was the personal friend of Southey and Wordsworth. She was one of the 'small fry of the lakes', and whether she was the object or the author of that denomination I cannot tell, but she was mixed up with the literary squabbles of the day, and wrote too against Lord Byron, and I rather think was the originator of the appelation Satanic School, though Southey might adopt it. She was living here to economise, and was as glad to be amused by my company as I was by hers" ...[editor's elision] "She spoke freely of her friends, the poets, both of whom were spoiled by having three wives- that is, each two besides his real wife, Wordsworth, his sister, and Miss Hutchinson, who, however, Miss Barker declared to be far superior to Southey's- that is, Mrs Coleridge, and Mrs -, Mrs Southey's third sister" ...[editor's elision] +
Travel journal, 9 Oct 1823 in "Henry Crabb Robinson on Books and Their Writers" edited by Edith J. Morley (1938). NB: in the index to this book, MB appears as "Jemima Barker".
50: Visions / JudgementRS to Grosvenor Bedford, from Keswick, 12 Apr 1820, in Warter: "My 'Vision of Judgement' is not finished. ... The metrical experiment which I have long been desirous of making, has here been fairly made, and with complete success. I have proved that hexameters may as well be written in English as in German; that they are in no respect dissuited to the genius of our language"... +
Hartley Coleridge to Derwent Coleridge, [1821], in "Letters of Hartley Coleridge" Ed. Grace Evelyn Griggs & Earl Leslie Griggs (1936): ... "Have you seen Southey's Vision of Judgement!!!!! O Tempora, O Mores- And is it come to this? And our dear good mother gave me such a hint to praise in her last letter!!! I came off, I think, pretty well, saying that I did not think it the best of S.'s poems." ... "who, I say, but Southey himself would have forced the poor old beast into the Hexameter long trot; and so mounted as on another Rosinante, set off in search of adventures, in the world of spirits?" ...
Oddly enough, the first section of the poem, before the poet has his "Vision" (first line, " 'Twas at that sober hour when the light of day is receding"), is quite frequently anthologised, because, despite its ponderousness, it does vividly capture the atmosphere of the evening view from Greta Hall- but even in that, Byron can beat him hollow, leaving you smiling, nostalgic and slightly dazed with just a few short lines:
"When Michael saw this host, he first grew pale,
As angels can; next, like Italian twilight,
He turned all colours- as a peacock's tail,
Or sunset streaming through a Gothic skylight
In some old abbey, or a trout not stale,
Or distant lightning on the horizon by night,
Or a fresh rainbow, or a grand review
Of thirty regiments in red, green, and blue."
  ("The Vision of Judgement", stanza LXI)
Listing similes may be a cheap trick- but that particular list of similes for that particular sight...
50: DW visits BorrowdaleDW to Lady Beaumont at Coleorton Hall, Leics., from Rydal Mount, 18 Sep [1824], in "Memorials of Coleorton", edited by William Knight (1887).
50: Mrs Luff's kitchenDW makes the specific comparison with MB in a letter to Joanna Hutchinson, from Kendal, 13 Feb [1825], in W Letters.
Irrelevant note: the Luffs lived at Patterdale, and were friends of the Beaumonts, whose archive preserved a letter [published in "Memorials of Coleorton", edited by William Knight (1887)] from Mr Luff to Mrs Luff, (then apparently staying with the Beaumonts at their Leicestershire home), 23 Jul 1805, describing the discovery of the skeleton of Charles Gough among the rocks at the head of Red Tarn on Helvellyn, with his pet spaniel still alive by his side, some three months after his disappearance- an incident about which both Wordsworth and Sir Walter Scott later wrote poems.
50: 1825 or not in BorrowdaleMrs Coleridge to Thomas Poole, Keswick, 12 Oct [1825], in "Minnow Among Tritons"- note the square brackets indicating that the year is an estimate by the editor. In view of DW's statement in a letter to Mary Laing in Edinburgh, from Brinsop Court, Hereford, 29 Mar 1826, that "I was not at Borrowdale last summer", either DW was being literal in her definition of summer, or the dates of both letters need to be double-checked.
50-51: RS visit to BoulogneRS to his wife Edith, from Boulogne, 9 Jun 1825, in Curry.
51: Borrowdale furnitureDW to Mary Laing in Edinburgh, from Brinsop Court, Hereford, 29 Mar 1826 (as above), in W Letters.
51: 1828 financial transactionsHenry Crabb Robinson to WW, [17 Nov 1828]: ..."In Sept last £10 were left with my clerk with a piece of paper- 'For Miss Wordsworth from Miss Barker' This nearly amounts to the small sums laid out for you when you were here..." +
WW reply to HCR, 28 Nov [1828] ..."We had not heerd of my Sister payment through Miss Barker- I am just told this is wrong stated- no matter- you understand me."...
both in "The Correspondence of Henry Crabb Robinson with the Wordsworth Circle" edited by Edith J. Morley (1927)
51: MB fading into memoryThe only reference I can find in 1829 is to a day trip by WW with some visitors, from Rydale Mount via Keswick up Borrowdale to Stonethwaite "a mile beyond Miss Barker's"- mentioned in a letter from WW to Edward Quillinan in London, [late Nov 1829] in W Letters.
51: Mary Homfray deathHomfray memorial in Llandaff Cathedral- transcript on
51: 1830 news itemsA very newsy letter from DW to Catherine Clarkson at Playford Hall [postmark 6 Nov 1830], in W Letters.
51: Nov 1830 in BoulogneDW to Mrs S.T. Coleridge [8 Nov 1830], in W Letters.
51: MB marriage & England tripDW to Sara Coleridge, 20 Jan [1831], in W Letters: ... "Mrs Slade Smith has promised me a letter from her own Chateau. Poor Soul! She had a wretched journey, and one cannot but regret that she ever came, as no good was done." ...
51: Good news from FranceDW to Mrs S.T. Coleridge, 7 Mar [1831], in W Letters
51-52: Edward Quillinan in FranceMrs Wordsworth to Edward Quillinan at St. Germain-en-Laye [14 Nov 1831, possibly later], in W Letters
52: DW illnessRobert Gittings & Jo Manton "Dorothy Wordsworth" (1985). They suggest that this was a precursor or trigger of her later decline, and that her memory problems started to become apparent after another major bout in 1833.
52: Jeremiah Homfray deathHomfray memorial in Llandaff Cathedral- transcript on
52: Crabb Robinson in BorrowdaleEntry for 26 Jun 1833 in "Henry Crabb Robinson on Books and Their Writers" edited by Edith J. Morley (1938)
52: Isabella FenwickSpot the similarities (and you can probably throw in Caroline Bowles and Harriet Martineau too)
52: Edward Quillinan in FranceSH to Edward Quillinan Esq., in France, from Brinsop Court, 24 Aug [1833], in Coburn. It's rather worrying that SH appears not to know of Quillinan's 1831 attempt to visit MB- could it be that one or both of the letters to him about MB have been misdated by their editors, and that they actually refer to the same visit?
52: Edith May's wedding & That MSEditorial note by Charles C. Southey, in Life & Corr., vol. 6 p 227
52: The Doctor dedicationSee page 22 notes on "The Doctor"
52-53: The Doctor, productionThe earliest surviving reference to the revival may be in a letter from RS to Henry Herbert Southey, 15 Oct 1831, in Curry: "I will also for security send up by James Stanger all that has been transcribed of a certain Mss."- this was written at a time when the homes of prominent Tories were coming under attack following the defeat of legislation for Parliamentary reform.
RS wrote to Grosvenor C. Bedford, 23 Mar 1833 [in Curry] that "two volumes of a certain book" are ready for the press, and again to GCB after the success of the jape, 10 Jan 1834 [in Life & Corr.], "The books arrived a few days since; this I believe you have already been told. But I have not told you how much amusement Cuthbert afforded us on this occasion. The whole business of transcribing, receiving, correcting, and returning proof sheets (to say nothing of the original composition) has been so well concealed from him, that whenever he knows the truth it will be difficult for him to conceive how he can possibly have been kept in ignorance. When I went down to dinner he told me with great glee, that the book which had come in that morning was one of the queerest he had ever seen" ...
However, in a letter of 30 Jan, to Mrs Bray, who was not in on the secret, RS wrote: " 'THE DOCTOR,' &c. has been sent to me, with the author's compliments, in a hand which is either an unknown one to me, or a disfigured one. At a first glance, D'Israeli seemed the likeliest person to have written it, but upon a perusal, I was satisfied that he could not write a style which is at once so easy and so good." (other possible authors he suggests are Rogers, Mathias and Frere, and he wrote to his new son-in-law, the Rev. J.W. Warter on 16 Feb with a few more suggested names to throw into conversation [in Warter]).
53: Bhow BegumThe basic story of the astonishingly lengthy trial can be found in any biography of Warren Hastings, but I'd be interested to hear of any research about connections (conscious or unconscious) made at the time between this and the contemporaneous events in France.
53: Kedora NiabarmaI'd also be interested to hear of any interesting anagrams in Portugese...
53: Mrs Southey's illness & deathRS biographies +
RS to Caroline Bowles, 21 May 1834, in "The Correspondence of Robert Southey with Caroline Bowles" edited by Edward Dowden (1881): "their mother is in so miserable a state of spirits, that whether she sees some of the persons who may come, or keeps away from them all, I know not how to advise, because I know not which would have the most injurious effect."
53: Dorothy Wordsworth etc.WW and DW and SH biographies +
Mrs Wordsworth to Dora Wordsworth, Mon 4 [Sep 1837], in "The Letters of Mary Wordsworth, 1800-1855" edited by Mary E. Burton (1958)
53: Southey & Robinson tourNo mention of MB in either RS's "Journals of a Residence in Portugal 1800-1801 and a Visit to France 1838" edited by Alfonso Cabral (1960), or 28-the 29 Aug 1838 entries in "Henry Crabb Robinson on Books and Their Writers" edited by Edith J. Morley, 1938
53: Southey saleCopy of sale catalogue of furnishings etc. in file at Keswick Library: Sale by Joseph Brown, Keswick, from 6 Jun 1843, including "FAMILY PICTURES, LANDSCAPES, &C., The whole of which are handsomely Framed" 64 pictures listed, including works by Gainsburgh, Wyon, Lane, Nash, Westall, Sir George Beaumont & others. Among them, item 2 "Large painting of the Interior of Exeter Cathedral, by a Lady"; sundry anonymous works including item 33 "Chalk drawing of a Young Gentleman"; 34 "Portrait of an Old Lady"; 35 "Portrait of Miss Barker"; 46 "Pencil drawing of H. Senhouse Esq."; 47 "Pencil drawing of Mr Nash"; 48 "Pencil drawing of a Gentleman"; 56-58 "Four unfinished Family Paintings" etc. No copies of "A Welsh Story" or "Lines to a Noble Lord" listed among the books.
53: EndingIntroduction to Warter: ... "The letters in this series addressed to Miss BARKER were obligingly sent me from France, by her husband, Mr SLADE. She was an early Portugese friend, and is the Bhow Begum of the 'DOCTOR,' &c. The Senhora was the name she usually went by at Keswick. She died in France some years ago." ...
54: "A Welsh Story"This way to the microsite...
56: Lines...Carl Ketcham's presentation of the poem in the Cornell volume of WW's "Shorter Poems, 1807-1820", (1989) gives some details of the known manuscript versions, but only notes variants from the printed text where they affect lines known to have been written by WW.
Both Ketcham and Mark L. Reed in "Wordsworth: The Chronology of the Middle Years 1800-1815" (1975) give some details of Mary Barker's album in the Bodleian Library's manuscript collection "bound in marbled boards, with a red leather spine; wove paper, 18.9 by 22.7 cm., watermarked 1794/ JW WHATMAN". According to their listings, "Lines..." is part of a group of mostly Wordsworth-related poems, as follows: "From the Dark Chambers of Dejection Freed"; Gillies' "To Mr Wordsworth"; "Yarrow Visited"; "The Year 1814" signed Anthony Harrison; "Lines Addressed to a Noble Lord" [dated Nov 1814]; "To Dorothy Wordsworth (The Cottager to Her Infant)" [by DW- i.e. to Dora]; "Address to a Child in a High Wind" [aka "Address to a Child (during a boisterous winter evening) by DW]; "The Mother's Return" [by DW]; a Fragment ("Peaceful in Our Valley"). Other WW poems are featured in the album, the latest specifically dated inclusion being "Ode to Lycoris, May 1817".
The Monkhouse family manuscript in the Wordsworth Trust's collection (ref. E 395.12), which I have used for this book, is in the form of a pamphlet, with no evidence of folding or creasing such as one might expect if it had been posted.
56-61: "Lines..."I have not highlighted the differences between the Monkhouse MS and the printed version. The most numerous class of differences involves punctuation marks, which are frequently misplaced or absent in the MS.
56: "Lines..." titleIn the Monkhouse MS, this is simply presented as a sentence at the top of the first page, without decoration or formal layout.
57: Stanza IIIIn the Monkhouse MS, lines 13-14 seem to have been skipped when this stanza was first copied, as lines 15-16 appear twice, with the first set crossed out and lines 13-14 added in the interlinear space. The gap between stanzas III and IV is not unduly narrow, so probably the change was made before stanza IV was copied.
58: Stanza VIIIIn the Monkhouse MS, the word "wise" in line 4 has a lower-case w written larger than normal.
61: Stanza XVIIn the Monkhouse MS, in line 8, the word "for" is inserted to replace a crossed-out "by"
61: Stanza XVIIn the "Barker Album" version, lines 11-12 ("That tho...") are apparently inserted over an illegible erasure- a strange co-incidence that these lines themselves were erased from the printed version.
61: Stanza XVIIn the Monkhouse MS, in line 13, "repair" has originally been "prepair", but the "p" has been carefully erased.
61: Stanza (XVII)The word "mawkish" was originally spelled "mokish", but the "o" was crossed out and "aw" written above.
61: PSIn the Monkhouse MS, the name "M. Barker" appears after the poem.
62-64: The NotesThe layout of the Notes here is slightly awkward, due to the necessity of making the footnotes match the text they refer to while fitting an original seven pages into just three.
62: Old English madrigalQuite genuine, believed to date from the 16th century, but sadly anonymous.
63: Third Scotch PretenderJust in case anybody out there doesn't know, the first two were Scottish pretenders to the title of King, who invaded Britain in 1715 (the Old Pretender, James Stuart, son of the deposed King James II) and 1745 (the Young Pretender, Charles Stuart, alias Bonnie Prince Charlie, son of the Old Pretender).
63: Mint of phrasesAnother of MB's Shakespeare quotations- this one by King Ferdinand in "Love's Labours Lost" act 1 scene 1.
63: Jeffrey's propheciesIt would be slightly time-consuming, but perhaps interesting, to find these "prophecies" in the Edinburgh Review. Apart from anything else, I am inclined to wonder whether some or all might have been written by the magazine's political specialist Henry Brougham.
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